E-101 Environmental Management I Harvard University Extension School Boston, Massachusetts

Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant
Ceferino Aponte, M.Ch.E.; P.E.

Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Land farming of Biosolids from The Barceloneta Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant The Challenges • Limited Wastewater Treatment Infrastructure • Fast Industrial Development Industry Government Partnership The Results • Ecologically and Cost effective Alternative for biosolids reuse • Potential for Application in other areas .

jsc.gov/sseop/efs/lores.nasa.pl?PHOTO=STS034-76-88 . Puerto Rico Satellite Photo http://earth. The sediment plumes along the coast are from freshwater runoff. Figure 1.Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant BRWTP and Caño Tiburones Land Farm Alluvial Mineral Soil Plains San Juan Limestone hills “La Cordillera Central” Central Mountain Range Photo taken one month after passage of Hurricane Hugo.

Present .Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Biosolids Disposal The Barceloneta Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant Options • Landfilling • Incineration • Ocean dumping • Land farming Path Forward • Initially Landfilling • Phase I Pilot Land Farm Project 1982 .1987 • Phase II Full Scale Land Farming 1987 .

Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Figure 2. Land Farming Plot Plan (8) .

Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Figure 3. Terragator .

500 1.000 DMT 2.500 3.Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Total Biosolids Produced 3.000 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 .500 2.000 1.

Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Hay Sales $160 $140 $120 $100 $80 $60 $40 $20 $0 1994 Sales ($000) 1995 1996 1997 1998 Year 1999 2000 2001 2002 .

Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Injection days vs Rain 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 150 Total Rain (inches) 160 170 180 190 200 Injection days .

. Land farming is a very attractive option for biosolids disposal as long as: • A strong pretreatment program is in place • Stakeholders are willing to cooperate ($$) 2. particularly on the south coast of Puerto Rico. There is good potential lo extend the experience to use treated effluent for irrigation and groundwater recharge.Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Biosolids Disposal The Barceloneta Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant Lessons Learned 1.

gov/public/gis.water. Puerto Rico in Relief and Shade http://pr.html .Land Farming of Biosolids from a Secondary Wastewater Treatment Plant Manatí – Barceloneta Area Caño Tiburones Alluvial Mineral Soil Plains San Juan Limestone hills Figure 4.usgs.

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