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which consist of a duct with an electrically-charged emitter.Here is a description of a technique which has been suggested for generating electrical power. This positive charge is due to the positive charges of the particles which have reached it. Althought most of the particles are not collected by the attractor. If the charged particle were not carried along at high speed by the force of the gas. because of their forward velocity most of them pass this electrode and reach the collector. un less this source is supplird separately . they are attracted by this negative voltage. A small fraction of this output current is used to provide the high voltage source across the emitter and attractor. However. attractor and collector. Current ic therefore generated as a result of this process. Hot gas under pressure enters the duct at the emitter end the gas contains minute (very small) particles of dust which collect electric charges as the gas carries them past the emitter. and some are repelled by the positive voltage of the collector. This polarity is detemined by the connection of a high voltage across these two electrodes. In this example.A.. and this loss of energy is converted into electrical energy at the output terminals in the form of an electric current. This result in an electric field being set up in the duct between the collector and the emitter which tends to push the particles back against the flow of the gas. This transfer of electric charges to the external circuitresults in a flow of current in that circuit. the charges are positive and so the attractor electrode must be made negative. where they give up their charges to the external circuit. As a result it loses both heat and speed. When you have done that. The device used in this technique is known as an EFD (Electro-fluid dynamic) generator. Study the passage carefully and then answer the question following it. They would all be drawn towards the attractror. The gas must therefore do work in order to overcome this electristatic force. you will be asked to give an account of the process in your own words.

The gas contains minute particles which : c. This device is designed to : c. Now choose the correct phrase to complete the sentence in each of these statements! 1. The polarity of the charged particles is determined by : b. A high voltage charge is applied externally across : a. If the speed of the gas was not high enough. from the emitter to the collector 4. become charged at the emitter 5.B. Generate electricity 2. would not reach the collector . The gas is forced through the duct : b. the emitter and attractor 3. the speed of the gas 6. the particles : b.

At the collector a. they : c. the gas loses energy .Because some of the particles drift back towards the emitter c. attract most of the charged particles 9. some of the charged particles are repelled 10. The attractor c. give up their charges 8.7. When the particles reach the collector.

attractor negative : in the example given in passage. 2. attractor. collector : The generator used in this technique is named as EFD generator. 5. Gas-minute dust particles : the gas which is hot and under pressure entering the duct at the emitter end contains minute dust particle. how the EFD generator functions. Emitter positive. it is found that the emitter is posstitive and the attractor is negative. High voltage-emitter/attractor : 3. . Duct-emitter.chargedemitter. Hot pressurized gas-emitter end of duct : hot pressurized gas enters the duct at the emitter end. attractor and collector. 1.C. 4. Now use these notes to describe in your own words. it consist of duct with an electrically.

Read this explanation carefully and when you have understood the principle involved. Increased? If the pressure of the flow of ink is increased beyond a certain value. The ink will mix with the water as soon as it enters the tube. . In the above diagram. D. b.Decreased? If the pressure of the flow of ink is decreased beyond a certain value. increased? it will be found that laminer flow is more likely to occur as the diametre of tube is increased 2. In the case below what is likely to happen if the diameter of the tube is : a. what is likely to happen.1. if the pressure of the flow of ink is : a. Complete the exercise which follows it. Reduced? it will be found that turbulent flow is more likely to occur as the diametre of tube is reduced. The ink will mix with the water as soon as it enters the tube. b.

3. b. 5. Which of these tube is more likely to give rise to turbulence flow? The tubes which are more likely to give rise to turbulent flow are the tubes on option (a) and (c) because the tube on the option (a) is bent . the greater the risk of turbulance 6. home . the lower the rate of flow of liquid. Turbulent The greater for of the liquid. the more likely turbulence is to occur. Which of the following statements is incorrect b. the more likely laminar is to occur. It is pressure. the diametre of tube. and if the tube is bent 4.and the diametre of the tube on the option (c) is irregular. Laminar The less the force of the liquid. How many different factors can influence whether the flow of liquid in a tube is laminar or turbulence? various factors will determine whether the flow of liquid in a tube will be turbulent or laminar. What does the force of the liquid do when the flow is: a.

Thermometer small-bore glass tube pressure gauge 3-way tap bulb Beaker water stirrer .A. •          The apparatus used in the experiment consisted of…. Put your description in the past tense by beginning. Describe this piece of apparatus in as much detail as you can..

B. Again. as if it was carried out last week. you should report the procedure in the past tense. The aim of the experiment was to investigate the relationship between the pressure and temperature of a gas. Now wrote a report of the method used for the experiment. .

water/heat Water was heated 6. The apparatus were set up as describe above 2. Flask / large volume/ use /so ad to/minimize/effect of/unheated air / in/ connecting tube/ and/ pressure gauge Flask in a large volume was used so as to minimize the effect of unheated air in connecting tube and pressure gauge.1. Readings of temperature pressure was taken from regular intervals throughout experiment . 4. pressure/indicated/pressure gauge/ note Pressure indicated by pressure gauge was noted. temperature/water/record The temperature of water was recorded 5. 3. Apparatus/set up/describe abbove. readings/temperature/pressure/take/regular intervals/ throughout/experiment.

Value/temperature/corresponding/value/pressure/record /table Values of temperature pressure which were coresponding the value of pressure were recorded on table. experiment was stopped when the water was boiled 10.7. water/stir/vigorously/throughout/experiment Water was stired vigorously throughout experiment 9. Since /temperature water/ could not/ raise 1000C/experiment/stop/when/water/boil Since the temperature of water could not raise above 1000C.graph/ pressure againts temperature/ plot/ from/results The graph of pressure againts temperature was plotted from the result . 8.

What relationship does it show? Is propotional to 3. the volume of which is kept constant? The greater the temperature is the greater the pressure is 4. due to heat e… it absorbed 5. the gas e……. It can be stated that during the experiment.1.What sort of graph is this? Line Graph 2.What can therefore be deduced about the relationship between the pressure and temperature of a fixed mass of gas (in this case air). What will happen if the graph below is extrapolated (extended) to the left? the pressure and the temperature will decrease .

the pressure becomes zero.Complete this statement If/gas/cool/to-2730c/pressure/gas/would/become/zero if the gas is cooled to -2730 c. . Complete this statement Similar results/would/ obtain/ if/ number of/different gases/investigate. At -2730 c. Complete this statement of a law governing the properties of a gas The pressure of a fixed mass of gas at constant volume is during pressure to its temperature. the pressure of gas would become zero 8.6. if the number of different gases were investigated 9. The similar result would be obtained . What will the pressure of the gas be at -2730 c Pressure of the gas would become zero 7.

the galvanometer deflection (be) (find) found that the Would be in the opposite . No deflection (notice).f (say / toto be) Is said be is known ‘induced’ in the conductor as a result of its motion across the magnetic field. an electromotive force (e. the greater the deflection (be). no matter how near the magnet (be) was to the coil.m. However. if the Was noticed magnet (hold) Was held stationary.m.m. a moved away deflection (observe) Was observed on the galvanometer.f) (produce) Will be produced in the conductor. a deflection in the opposite direction (notice ). This effect (known as)as electromagnetic introduction field. Similarly.f carried (demonstrate) . Put the verbs in this passage into the appropriate tenses.f (cause) will cause an electric current to flow round the circuit.m. If the two ends of a coil of wire (connect) to the Would be demonstrated Were connected terminals of a galvanometer and a bar magnet was (bring) brought towards the coil. if the opposite pole of the magnet (bring) Was brought towards the coil. The passage concerns the relationship between magnetic and electrical forces. If a conductor is moved across a magnetic field.D. the e. If the conductor (form) forms part of a closed electrical circuit. And the e. As the magnet (move) from the coil. If the following simple experiment was (carry out) out the presence of an induced e. It Was quicker the magnet (move) moved towards the coil. was .

HOME .If possible. as welll as those of using magnets of different (should/invetigate) strengths. the effect of using coils with different numbers of turns Should be investigated .

next.A. etc. . write a series of instruction on how to carry out the experiment to investigate the properties of a metal wire. Below is a diagram of the apparatus used to investigate the behavior of a material when an increasing force is applied to it. Use sequence words such as first. Using the diagram and the notes.

B. Here is a graph drawn from a set of results of an experiment like the one you have written instructions for in A. Study the graph carefully and then do the exercise .

Which is the correct statement? a. 5. 4. 2.1. 3. the material ceased to extend The necking region occurs : b.the wire continued to extend uniformly throughout the experiment Which is the correct statement? a. after the plastic behavior . a fairly small load produced quite a large extension After the maximum load was applied : c. the upper yield point occurred at a higher load than the lower yield point During the plastic behavior : b.

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