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Lesson Outcomes: 1. Define networks 2. Benefits of computer networks 3. Devices in computer networks

dan membenarkan komunikasi elektronik. fail pertukaran. and allow electronic communications (Rangkaian terdiri daripada dua atau lebih komputer yang dihubungkan untuk berkongsi sumber (seperti pencetak dan CD-ROM).) .A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (such as printers and CD-ROMs). exchange files.

gelombang radio. satelit atau inframerah boleh melalui cahaya. telephone lines. The computers on a network may be linked through cables. satellites or infrared light beams. talian telefon. (Komputer dalam rangkaian boleh dihubungkan melalui kabel.) . radio waves.

• File Sharing . you can use the network to save copies of your important data on a different computer.Network file sharing between computers gives you more flexibility rather than using floppy drives or Zip drives. anda boleh menggunakan rangkaian untuk menyimpan salinan data penting anda pada komputer yang berbeza. contoh berkongsi gambar. examples share photos. fail muzik dan dokumen.Rangkaian perkongsian fail antara komputer memberikan anda lebih banyak fleksibiliti bukannya menggunakan pemacu liut atau pemacu Zip. (Perkongsian Fail . music files and documents.) • .

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mesin faks. apabila perkakasan ditambah kepada rangkaian. mereka boleh dikongsi oleh ramai pengguna. Untuk pencetak laser contoh. For example laser printers. they can be shared by many users. (Perkongsian peranti merupakan satu lagi faedah di mana rangkaian melebihi komputer bersendirian. when these peripherals are added to a network. pengimbas dan pemain CDROM.Sharing Devices.) . scanners and CD-ROM players. fax machines. modem. modems. Sharing devices is another benefit in which a network exceeds stand-alone computers.

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students can access the internet simultaneously. (Perkongsian akses internet. In computer network. pelajar boleh mengakses internet serentak.Sharing Internet Access.) . Dalam rangkaian komputer.

files are shared by copying them to floppy disk. . Using a network is faster way for sharing and transferring files. (Menggunakan rangkaian adalah cara yang lebih cepat untuk berkongsi dan memindahkan fail. Tanpa rangkaian. Without a network. fail dikongsi dengan menyalin mereka ke cakera ).

) . Its allows easier upgrading of the program. Membolehkan peningkatan lebih mudah program. (banyak program perisian yang popular boleh didapati di penjimatan besar berbanding dengan membeli salinan berlesen individu.Networkable versions of many popular software programmes are available at considerable savings compared to buying individual licensed copies.

Files and programmes on a network are more secure as the users do not have to worry about illegal copying of programmes.Security. Passwords can be applied for specific directories to restrict access to unauthorized users. (Fail dan program dalam rangkaian adalah lebih selamat sebagai pengguna tidak perlu bimbang tentang penyalinan haram program.) . Kata laluan boleh digunakan untuk direktori tertentu untuk menyekat akses kepada pengguna yang tidak dibenarkan.

One of the greatest benefits of installing a school network is the fact that all of the software can be loaded on one computer. (Salah satu faedah terbesar memasang rangkaian sekolah adalah hakikat bahawa semua perisian boleh dimuatkan pada satu komputer) .

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electronic mail on LAN (Local Area Network) enables students to communicate with teachers and peers at their own school when connected to the Internet.  help in personal and professional communication for all school personnel as it enables the spread of general information to the entire school staff.A network that provides the hardware necessary to install an e-mail system. it enables users to communicate with others.  Example. .

Some schools provide public access to students to begin an assignment in the computer lab and save then access the file when they are at a cyber café or home. (Rangkaian sekolah membenarkan pelajar untuk mengakses fail mereka daripada komputer di seluruh sekolah. Sesetengah sekolah menyediakan akses awam kepada pelajar-pelajar untuk memulakan tugasan di makmal komputer dan menyimpan kemudian mengakses fail apabila mereka berada di kafe siber atau rumah) .School networks allow students to access their files from computers throughout the school.

.Devices Needed in Computer Networks. Devices Information Hub A central device that provides a common connection point for nodes on a network. Network Interface Card A NIC (network interface card) is a piece of computer hardware designed to allow computers to communicate over a computer network.

especially Ethernets. A modem converts between these two forms.Devices Information Router A device that forwards data packets along networks. Connector Short for Registered Jack-45. Computer information are stored digitally. two networks. . an eight-wire connector used commonly to connect computers onto a local-area network (LAN). A modem is a device or program that enables a computer to transmit data over telephone or cable lines. Modem Short for modulator-demodulator. A router is connected to at least. RJ-45 connectors look similar to RJ-11 connectors used for connecting telephone equipment. commonly two LANs or WANs or a LAN and its ISP’s network. whereas information transmitted over telephone lines are transmitted in a form of analogue waves.

NAsrul Who’s turn? .

Network consist of _____ or ______ computers that are linked to exchange and share files .

masturah Who’s turn? .

.The diagram shows about…..

Devendran Who’s turn? jeeva .

What is this ? .

CONGRATES TO ALL OF YOU… THANKS FOR YOUR COOPERATION DURING THIS LESSON .