Lesson Outcomes: 1. Define networks 2. Benefits of computer networks 3. Devices in computer networks

and allow electronic communications (Rangkaian terdiri daripada dua atau lebih komputer yang dihubungkan untuk berkongsi sumber (seperti pencetak dan CD-ROM). dan membenarkan komunikasi elektronik. exchange files.) . fail pertukaran.A network consists of two or more computers that are linked in order to share resources (such as printers and CD-ROMs).

gelombang radio. The computers on a network may be linked through cables. (Komputer dalam rangkaian boleh dihubungkan melalui kabel.) . satellites or infrared light beams. talian telefon. telephone lines. satelit atau inframerah boleh melalui cahaya. radio waves.

Rangkaian perkongsian fail antara komputer memberikan anda lebih banyak fleksibiliti bukannya menggunakan pemacu liut atau pemacu Zip. anda boleh menggunakan rangkaian untuk menyimpan salinan data penting anda pada komputer yang berbeza.• File Sharing . music files and documents. examples share photos. you can use the network to save copies of your important data on a different computer.Network file sharing between computers gives you more flexibility rather than using floppy drives or Zip drives. contoh berkongsi gambar. (Perkongsian Fail . fail muzik dan dokumen.) • .

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they can be shared by many users. Sharing devices is another benefit in which a network exceeds stand-alone computers. mereka boleh dikongsi oleh ramai pengguna. (Perkongsian peranti merupakan satu lagi faedah di mana rangkaian melebihi komputer bersendirian. fax machines. apabila perkakasan ditambah kepada rangkaian.) . when these peripherals are added to a network. pengimbas dan pemain CDROM.Sharing Devices. scanners and CD-ROM players. modem. Untuk pencetak laser contoh. For example laser printers. modems. mesin faks.

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Dalam rangkaian komputer. (Perkongsian akses internet. In computer network. pelajar boleh mengakses internet serentak.Sharing Internet Access.) . students can access the internet simultaneously.

fail dikongsi dengan menyalin mereka ke cakera ). Without a network. files are shared by copying them to floppy disk. (Menggunakan rangkaian adalah cara yang lebih cepat untuk berkongsi dan memindahkan fail. Tanpa rangkaian. Using a network is faster way for sharing and transferring files. .

(banyak program perisian yang popular boleh didapati di penjimatan besar berbanding dengan membeli salinan berlesen individu. Its allows easier upgrading of the program. Membolehkan peningkatan lebih mudah program.) .Networkable versions of many popular software programmes are available at considerable savings compared to buying individual licensed copies.

) . Files and programmes on a network are more secure as the users do not have to worry about illegal copying of programmes. Kata laluan boleh digunakan untuk direktori tertentu untuk menyekat akses kepada pengguna yang tidak dibenarkan. Passwords can be applied for specific directories to restrict access to unauthorized users.Security. (Fail dan program dalam rangkaian adalah lebih selamat sebagai pengguna tidak perlu bimbang tentang penyalinan haram program.

(Salah satu faedah terbesar memasang rangkaian sekolah adalah hakikat bahawa semua perisian boleh dimuatkan pada satu komputer) .One of the greatest benefits of installing a school network is the fact that all of the software can be loaded on one computer.

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it enables users to communicate with others. .  Example.A network that provides the hardware necessary to install an e-mail system.  help in personal and professional communication for all school personnel as it enables the spread of general information to the entire school staff. electronic mail on LAN (Local Area Network) enables students to communicate with teachers and peers at their own school when connected to the Internet.

Some schools provide public access to students to begin an assignment in the computer lab and save then access the file when they are at a cyber café or home. Sesetengah sekolah menyediakan akses awam kepada pelajar-pelajar untuk memulakan tugasan di makmal komputer dan menyimpan kemudian mengakses fail apabila mereka berada di kafe siber atau rumah) . (Rangkaian sekolah membenarkan pelajar untuk mengakses fail mereka daripada komputer di seluruh sekolah.School networks allow students to access their files from computers throughout the school.

Devices Information Hub A central device that provides a common connection point for nodes on a network. Network Interface Card A NIC (network interface card) is a piece of computer hardware designed to allow computers to communicate over a computer network. .Devices Needed in Computer Networks.

Devices Information Router A device that forwards data packets along networks. Modem Short for modulator-demodulator. two networks. commonly two LANs or WANs or a LAN and its ISP’s network. RJ-45 connectors look similar to RJ-11 connectors used for connecting telephone equipment. an eight-wire connector used commonly to connect computers onto a local-area network (LAN). A router is connected to at least. Computer information are stored digitally. A modem is a device or program that enables a computer to transmit data over telephone or cable lines. whereas information transmitted over telephone lines are transmitted in a form of analogue waves. A modem converts between these two forms. especially Ethernets. . Connector Short for Registered Jack-45.

NAsrul Who’s turn? .

Network consist of _____ or ______ computers that are linked to exchange and share files .

masturah Who’s turn? .

. .The diagram shows about….

Devendran Who’s turn? jeeva .

What is this ? .

CONGRATES TO ALL OF YOU… THANKS FOR YOUR COOPERATION DURING THIS LESSON .