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Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

. All rights reserved.Chapter 1 Information Technology. and You McGraw-Hill Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. the Internet.

hardware. • Identify the four types of computers and the four type of microcomputers. and data. Inc. • Distinguish between basic and specialized application software. • Distinguish between system software and application software. • Discuss the three kinds of system software programs. . software. All rights reserved. 1-3 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. procedures.Competencies (Page 1 of 2) • Explain the five parts of an information system: people.

and presentation files. Inc. database. the wireless revolution. and the Web. • Explain computer connectivity. input/output. the Internet.Competencies (Page 2 of 2) • Describe the different types of computer hardware including the system unit. worksheet. 1-4 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. . secondary storage. All rights reserved. • Define data and describe document. and communication devices.

All rights reserved.Introduction • Computer competency refers to acquiring computerrelated skills • Microcomputers are common tools in all areas of life • Web courses are popular for people who are homebound or work odd hours • New ways to communicate. . to find people with similar interests. and to buy goods are available Page 1-5 3 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc.

Data 1-6 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. Software 4. Hardware 5. People 2. . Inc. Procedures 3.Five Parts of an Information System 1.

People • Most important part of any system • Contact is … – Direct – Indirect • Computer uses – Business & Entertainment – Education & Medicine 1-7 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. All rights reserved. .

Inc.Software • Software is another name for programs • Two major kinds of software – System Software – Application Software 1-8 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. .

Types of Computers • Supercomputers • Mainframe computers • Minicomputers (also known as mid-range computers) • Microcomputers 1-11 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. .Hardware . All rights reserved. Inc.

Microcomputer Types • • • • • • Desktop Media center system units Notebook or laptop Netbooks Tablet PC Handheld 1-12 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. . Inc.

Microcomputer Hardware • Four basic categories of equipment: – System Unit – Input/output – Secondary Storage – Communication 1-18 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. Inc. All rights reserved. .

but … – Smaller – Lighter – Less expensive Return 1-19 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. Inc.Netbooks • Like laptops. .

Communications • Communication Devices provide microcomputers with the ability to communicate with other computer systems across the globe • The modem is the most widely used communication device • Modems modify telephone communications into a form that can be processed by a computer • Modems also modify computer output into a form that can be transmitted across standard telephone lines 1-23 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. Inc. .

Inc. unprocessed facts • Processed data becomes information • Stored electronically in files – Document files – Worksheet files – Database files – Presentation files 1-24 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. .Data • Raw. All rights reserved.

the Wireless Revolution.Connectivity. . and the Internet • Connectivity – Sharing of information – Wireless communication has widespread use • Computer networks – Connected communication system of computers – Largest network is the Internet 1-29 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. Inc.

Careers in IT • For a complete listing of careers. Inc. All rights reserved. .com/ keyword: careers 1-30 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. visit http://www.computing2011 .

A Look to the Future • • • • • • The Internet & Web Powerful Software Powerful Hardware Security & Privacy Organizations Changing Times 1-31 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. . All rights reserved. Inc.

Describe some types of specialized applications. What part do people play in this system? • What is system software? What kinds of programs are included in system software? • Define and compare basic and specialized application software.Open-Ended Questions (Page 1 of 2) • Explain the five parts of an information system. Inc. . 1-32 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. Describe some different types of basic applications.

All rights reserved. Inc. What is the most common type? What are the types of microcomputers? • What is connectivity? How are the wireless revolution and connectivity related? What is a computer network? What is the Internet? What is the Web? 1-33 Copyright © 2011 by The McGraw-Hill Companies.Open-Ended Questions (Page 2 of 2) • Describe the different types of computers. .