You are on page 1of 22

WHO IS AN ENGINEER?

DR. T. K. G. NAMBOODHIRI PROFESSOR (Retired) BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY

WHAT IS ENGINEERING?
• The art and science concerned with the practical application of scientific knowledge, as in the design, construction, and operation of roads, bridges, buildings, machines etc. • The combination of art and science by which the materials and power of nature are made useful to mankind. • Application and advancement of skills based on mathematics, science and technology, integrated with business and management.

WHO IS AN ENGINEER?
• An engineer is one who effectively adapts the findings of science to the use of man • A person specifically trained and experienced in planning and developing the structures and devices, and in supervising the processes for the benefit of mankind • Engineers are involved in the implementation, application, design, development and management of projects and processes

DEFINITION OF AN ENGINEER

• AN ENGINEER EFFECTIVELY ADAPTS FINDINGS OF SCIENCE TO THE USE OF MAN • HE IS THE VITAL LINK BETWEEN SCIENCE AND SOCIETY

MAKING OF A MODERN ENGINEER
• The dynamic & fast changing world demands a more complex role for an engineer. • Besides technical skills, they must be good in non-technical skills like • Communication • Problem solving • Management

MAKING OF AN ENGINEER

ENGINEERING BRANCHES
• Basic • Civil, Mechanical & Electrical • Sectoral • Electronics • Chemical • Materials • Computer • Mining • • • • • • • • Modern Marine/Naval Bio-Chemical Bio-Medical Latest Information Technology Bio Tech Medical / Pharmaceutical

ENGINEER’S HERITAGE
• Engineering was an art for long centuries before it became a science • Engineer is heir to a great tradition • Tubal Cain, 7th generation of Adam is the legendary father of technical skills • Egyptians channeled water to irrigate land • Romans built great roads, bridges and aqueducts • People of Mohenjodaro and Harappa built the first planned cities

SOME GREAT ENGINEERS
• • • • • • • • • • Leonardo da Vinci: Many- sided genius Galileo : The father of mechanics Bessemer: Converter to make cheap steel Edison: The electric bulb Thomson: A. C. transformer Goodyear: Vulcanized rubber Diesel: Automobile engine Bell: Telephone Ford and Benz: Automobiles Langley and Wrights brothers: Flying

SOME GREAT INDIAN ENGINEERS
• Mokshagundam Visweswaraya – Father of Indian Engineering • A. P. J. Abdul Kalam – Father of Indian Rocketry • Narayana Murthy – Founder of Infosys • Sam Pitroda – Force behind the IT revolution in India • M. N. Dastur – Designer of steel plants • Brahm Prakash – Atomic energy metallurgist

QUALITIES OF ENGINEERS
• • • • • • • • • • Courage and integrity Thirst for knowledge Imagination Capacity for sound judgment Accuracy of thought and action Instinct for economy Aptitude for leadership Ingeniousness Capacity for hard work Ability to think and speak lucidly

ABET Engineering Criteria 2000
• • • • • • • • • • • An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering. An ability to design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data. An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs. An ability to function on multidisciplinary teams. An ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems. An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. An ability to communicate effectively. The broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global/societal context. A recognition of the need for and an ability to engage in lifelong learning. Knowledge of contemporary issues. An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.

ESSENTIAL SKILLS OF AN ENGINEER
• • • • • • • Technical knowledge and skills Intellectual skills Attitudes Standards of Engineering practice Business practices International & national history & culture Proficiency in languages

TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE & SKILLS
• • • • • Science fundamentals Engineering fundamentals & application Probability & Statistics Computer science & technology Engineering practice

INTELLECTUAL SKILLS
• • • • • Logical thinking Problem-solving skills Communication skills Design skills Organizational, management and administrative skills

ATTITUDES
• • • • • • Competence Integrity Commitment Tolerance Flexibility Life-long learning

• Reliability • Conscientious ness • Punctuality • Approachability

STANDARDS OF ENGINEERING PRACTICE
• • • • • • • Measurement systems Technical standards Specifications & inspection standards Testing practices Environmental constraints Code of ethics Proficiency standards

BUSINESS PRACTICES
• • • • • • • • Free market economy International marketplace MNCs International competitiveness Quality assurance Insurance Warranties Bidding procedures

INTERNATIONAL/NATIONAL HISTORY & CULTURE
• • • • • • • • Common history National history & development Cultural differences Economic & political issues Social life & customs Gender Religion Multiculturalism

PROFICIENCY IN LANGUAGES
• • • • • Spoken foreign language Written foreign language Regional dialects Technical terminology Professional jargon

The Desired Skills and Attributes for an ideal Engineer

REFERENCES
1. William E. Wickenden, A Professional Guide for Young Engineers, G. R. Henninger (Ed. ), Engineers’ Council for Professional Development, New York, 1967 T. K. G. Namboodhiri, Engineering Education in India, J. Inst. Engg. (India), Vol. 66, IDP, 3, 1985 Duyen Q. Nguen, The essential Skills and Attributes of an Engineer, Global J. of Engg. Educ. Vol. 2, No. 1, 1998

2.
3.