You are on page 1of 30

 One who conquers his inner enemies like anger, greed,

passion, ego, etc. The followers of Jina are known as Jains.

 One who wins over his senses(Tongue, Nose, Eyes ,Ears,

and Touch(Sparsh)

'Anekant' means multi-sided views.

'Syadvad' is composed of two words - 'Syat' means from a certain point of view or from a certain angle of vision and the word 'Vada' denotes the system of thought.

Jain philosophy presents the theory that truth is relative to the perspective (Naya) from which it is known. "X may be Y" or "X is Y" under certain conditions rather than "X is Y" . all knowledge claims are only tentative (Syat) having the form. . because reality is many sided and knowledge is true only from a limited perspective. Furthermore. The latter however is much wider in its scope in all respects.Emphasizing the limits of ordinary knowledge. Einstein's theory of relativity in the field of mathematics and science bears great similarity to Jain theory of Syadvad.

Sanyam (restraint). Tapa (austerity). Mardava (gentleness). Satya (truth). Arjava (uprightness). Tyaga (renunciation). Shaucha (purity). as described by Umaswati. . Akinchanya (lack of possession) and Brahmcharya (chastity).Dasha-Lakshana Vrata  This is a vrata that celebrates 10 components of the dharma: Noble Kshama (forbearance).

However it is common to do it during Bhadrapada. in which case it starts with Paryushana. It may be undertaken during Shukla Panchami to Chaturdashi of Bhadrapada. . Magh or Chaitra. it is a 10 days VRATA that spans 10 years.In the full form.


Achaurya or Asteya  Celibacy/Chastity . Right faith.Satya  Non-stealing .Ahimsa  Truth .  In order to acquire these.Aparigraha .Brahmacharya  Non-attachment/Non-possession . and Right conduct are the three most essentials for attaining liberation.Five Great Vows (Maha-vratas) Right knowledge. one must observe the five great vows:  Non-violence .

 It is repeatedly said by all Tirthankaras in Jain literature.  Non-violence is the supreme religion (Ahimsa Parmo Dharma). non-violence (Ahimsa) is the cardinal principle of Jainism and hence it is called the highest religious principle.AHIMSA  Among these five vows. or the cornerstone of Jainism. .

injure. insult. irrespective of their size. abuse. enslave. shape. insects."Do not injure." According to Jainism all living beings. or kill any creature or living being. torture. . Every living being has a right to exist and it is necessary to live with every other living being in perfect harmony and peace. or kill any other living being. torment. oppress. including animals. No living being has a right to harm. or different spiritual developments are equal. and plants.

One who is actuated by this idea cannot be indifferent to the suffering of others. Nonviolence is based on love and kindness for all living beings. It is based upon the positive quality of universal love and compassion. . Nonviolence in Jainism is not a negative virtue.

actions. and any type of bodily injuries should also be avoided. . Even thinking evil of some one is considered violence in Jainism.Violence of every type should be completely forbidden. Mental tortures by way of harsh words.

or eat food. Some lives are killed even when we breathe. Therefore. Jainism says that minimum killing of the lowest form of life should be our ideal for survival. . it is impossible to survive without killing or injuring some of the smallest living beings. drink water.Practically.

plants. Earth.  One Sense . Air. Sight. etc. Hellish Beings  Four Senses .  The Five Sense are. and Hearing. Lice. Touch. Water. Jainism has classified all the living beings according to their senses as follows:  Five Senses . Heavenly.Flies. bacteria. animals. Leaches.AHIMSA  In the universe. such as.  Two Senses . there are different forms of life. Birds. Bees. etc.Ants. and even smaller lives which cannot be seen even through the most powerful microscopes. etc. Taste. insects.Worms. .Vegetables.Human.  Three Senses . Animals. Smell. human beings. Fire Etc.

. Jainism preaches strict vegetarianism.It is more painful if a life of the higher forms (more than one sense) are killed. All non-vegetarian food is made by killing a living being with two or more senses. and prohibits nonvegetarian foods. Therefore.

Jainism explains that violence is not defined by actual harm. for this may be unintentional. Without violent thought there can be no violent actions. the absence of compassion. . and the ignorance that makes an action violent. It is the intention to harm.

. or approve of such an activity.Non-violence is to be observed in action. and thought. speech. One should not be violent. ask others to do so.

greed. Jainism insists that one should not only refrain from falsehood. jokes. jealousy. fear.. To speak the truth requires moral courage. but should always speak the truth which should be wholesome and pleasant. Anger. Only those who have conquered greed. frivolity. . fear. ego. are the breeding grounds of untruth. etc. can speak the truth. etc. anger.

One should remain silent if the truth causes pain. mind. hurt. Truth is to be observed in speech. or approve of such activities . and deed. One should not utter an untruth. anger. or death of any living being. ask others to do so.

One Non-stealing (Achaurya or Asteya):  Stealing consists of taking another's property without his consent. or by unjust or immoral methods. . should observe this vow very strictly. one should not take anything which does not belong to him. Further. and should not touch even a worthless thing which does not belong to him. It does not entitle one to take away a thing which may be lying unattended or unclaimed.

. or aid one should not take more then what is minimum needed. The vow of non-stealing insists that one should be totally honest in action. One should not steal. or approve of such activities.When accepting alms. To take more than one's need is also considered theft in Jainism. ask others to do so. help. thought. and speech.

One may refrain from physical indulgence but may still think of the pleasures of sensualism. . which is prohibited in Jainism. Sensual pleasure is an infatuating force which sets aside all virtues and reason at the time of indulgence. This vow of controlling sensuality is very difficult to observe in its subtle form.Celibacy / Chastity (Brahmacharya):  Total abstinence from sensual pleasure is called celibacy.

ask others to do the same. . There are several rules laid down for observing this vow for householders. nor approve of it. They should not enjoy sensual pleasures.Monks are required to observe this vow strictly and completely.

Non-attachment / Non-possession (Aparigraha):  Jainism believes that the more worldly wealth a person possesses. violence. etc. The worldly wealth creates attachments which will continuously result in greed. the more he is likely to commit sin to acquire the possession. . ego. jealousy. selfishness. and in a long run he may be more unhappy. hatred.

. Therefore. Attachments to worldly objects results in the bondage to the cycle of birth and death. and only the sky is the limit for them. one who desires of spiritual liberation should withdraw from all attachments to pleasing objects of all the five senses.Lord Mahavir has said that wants and desires have no end.

They have the equanimity towards music and noise. and hearing objects. grains. Relationships: Father. Feelings: Pleasure and painful feelings towards touch. soft and hard objects for touch. daughters. beautiful and dirty sights. etc. taste. spouse. property. friends. . mother. etc. good and bad smells. books.Monks observe this vow by giving up attachments to all things such as: Material things: Wealth. sight. etc. clothes. house. sons. enemies. other monks. smell. disciples.

mind. or approve of such activities. One should not possess.They do not eat food for taste but for survival with the intention to destroy his karma with the help of this body. Non-possession and nonattachment are to be observed in speech. . ask others to do so. and deed.

Special of Jainism God is not doer Every one can become God Salekhana .


Thank you! .