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CLIL Activity – I.T.I.S. “C.

Zuccante” 5ISB – School Year 2005/06

STRUCTURED CABLING
Final Exam Compendium

A. Memo

Brain storm
What’s structured cabling? What’s the meaning of “structured”? What’s the meaning of “standardisation”? Is my house cabled? Where, when and how was cabled? Why the law covers the structured cabling problem?

Objectives
1. 2. 3. 4.
Structured cabling systems Terminology Passive Devices Cross Connect technology

I. Documentation II. Installation technique III.Mini-glossary

for the final exam

Structured Cabling Systems
Structured cabling is a method for creating
an organized cabling system that can be easily understood by installers , network administrators technicians , and any other

that deal with cables

Structured Cabling Systems
Rules of Structured Cabling for LANs
look for a complete connectivity solution

plan for future growth
maintain freedom of choice in vendors

Subsystems of Structured Cabling Backbone Pathway Horizontal Pathway Equipment Room/Closet Antenna Entrance Telecommunications Room/Closet Tie Pathway Telecommunications Room/Closet Backbone Pathways Horizontal Pathway Entrance Room/Closet Main Terminal Space (Entrance Facility) Interbuilding Backbone Demarcation Point Alternate Entrance Telecommunications Outlet Work Area .

Subsystems of Structured Cabling Demarcation Point punto di demarcazione dorsale tra edifici Interbuilding Backbone accesso alternativo Alternate Entrance between outside service provider cables and customer cables .

Subsystems of Structured Cabling presa di rete Telecommunications Outlet Work Area area di lavoro .

Subsystems of Structured Cabling stanza dei dispositivi Equipment Room/Closet canalizzazione orizzontale o di piano Horizontal Pathway Entrance Room / Closet Main Terminal Space (Entrance Facility) stanza / armadio d’accesso principale (interconnessione interbuilding-intrabuilding) Telecommunications Room/Closet stanza / armadio di permutazione di piano .

Subsystems of Structured Cabling Tie Pathway canala passacavi Backbone Pathway canalizzazione di dorsale o canalizzazione verticale o canalizzazione di edificio Backbone Pathways .

Subsystems of Structured Cabling Antenna Entrance ingresso d’antenna .

Subsystems of Structured Cabling other diagram example ? ? ? ? ? .

Subsystems of Structured Cabling a larger example Horizontal Cabling Floor Distributor / Telecommunication Closet Building A Telecommunication Outlet Building C Building B Building Distributor / Telecommunication Closet Building Backbone Campus Backbone Campus Distributor / Telecommunication Closet comprensorio campus .

Cabling logical diagram Campus Distributor / Main cross Connect Campus Backbone Building Distributor / Intermediate cross Connect Building backbone or vertical cabling Floor Distributor / Horizontal cross Connect Telecommunication Closets Telecommunication Outlets optional cabling (not allowed) horizontal cabling optional Transition Point .

Campus Equipment Room more complex than Telecommunication Closet Tie Pathway for cables to electronic devices Cables from Service Provider to Building Distributor / Intermediate cross Connect Electronic Devices Main cross Connect .

Demarcation Point plywood panel .

Telecommunications Room Patch Panel (front) Distribution Rack .

Telecommunication Closet .

. specialized cable trays or ladder racks .Raceways A raceway is a channel that contains cables. Raceways include common electrical conduits . in-floor duct systems and plastic or metal surface mounted raceways. .

Patch Panel .

Patch panel and Patch Cord Panel for UTP cables with 16 RJ45 Panel with telephonic cross-connect Panel for optical fiber with 16 SC connectors Optical Patch Cord Patch Cord .

Patch panel and Patch Cord Data Voice Telecommunication Telecommunication Closet Outlet .

Horizontal Cabling Work Area I1 Telecommunications Closet horizontal cabling 90 m I2 HC I3 I1 + I2 + I3 = 10 m = cross-connect = telecommunication outlet = transition point I1 = work area cable I2 = patch cord I3 = equipment cable .

Telecommunication Outlet four pairs cable directly connected on RJ45 socket four pairs cable connected on plug RJ45 adapter .

Working Area • work area • at least two outlet • about 10 m2 • patch • max 90 m Work Area Cable .

RJ45: socket and plug RJ45 Wall Socket (receptacle ) or Telecommunication Outlet jack RJ45 or plug (male) .

TIA/EIA Standard ALTERNATE (T568A) PAIR 2 PREFER (T568B) PAIR 3 PAIR 3 PAIR 1 PAIR 4 PAIR 2 PAIR 1 PAIR 4 1 2 W G G 3 4 5 6 7 8 W BL W O W BR O BL BR JACK POSITIONS 1 2 W O O 3 4 5 6 7 8 W BL W G W BR G BL BR JACK POSITIONS .

UTP cable Pair 1 Blue/White Wire White/Blue Blue 2 Orange/White White/Orange Orange White/Green Green White/Brown Brown 3 Green/White 4 Brown/White The solid colored wire is called “ring” Language Tip: and the stripe wire is called "tip". colour (UK) or color (USA) .

for the final exam Documentation: how to describe the structured cabling for the assigned network design Installation technique: UTP cat. 5 installation: do and don’t making a UTP patch cable Mini-glossary Vocabulary .

Document: 1. Topology FIRST FLOOR SERVIZI ACCOGLIENZA VANO SCALE SECOND FLOOR UFFICI BIBLIOTECA SALA MACCHINE VANO SCALE SALA CONSULTAZIONE SALA PRESTITI SALA WIRELESS MAGAZZINI DI CONSERVAZIONE THIRD FLOOR UFFICI O AMMINISTRATIVO UFFICIO TECNICO VANO SCALE UFFICIO PERSONALE DIRIGENTE UFFICIO ACQUISTI .

Document: 2. Cabling layout PIANO TERRA PRIMO PIANO TC11 EF TC01 EF MC MC TC21 UFFICI BIBLIOTECA SALA MACCHINE SERVIZI VANO SCALE ACCOGLIENZA VANO SCALE TC03 TC12 TC02 SALA CONSULTAZIONE TC01 SALA PRESTITI SALA WIRELESS MAGAZZINI DI CONSERVAZIONE MC LEGENDA MC EF TC01 TC02 TC03 TC11 TC12 TC21 Main cross Connect Entrance Facility Telecommunication Closet PT (Prestiti+Accoglienza) Telecommunication Closet PT (Wireless) Telecommunication Closet PT (Consultazione) Telecommunication Closet PP (Biblioteca) Telecommunication Closet PP (Magazzino) Telecommunication Closet SP (all the Officies) Backbone Pathway Horizontal Pathway SECONDO PIANO TC21 MC UFFICI O AMMINISTRATIVO UFFICIO TECNICO VANO SCALE UFFICIO PERSONALE DIRIGENTE UFFICIO ACQUISTI .

Document: 3. Logic Diagram EF MC TC01 TC02 TC03 TC11 TC12 TC21 TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx TOxx .

Documentation: alternative view .

Media 5.5 UTP cable. cat. cat. cat.5 UTP cable.Document: 4.5 UTP cable. Connectors MEDIA from from from from from from from EF MC MC MC TC01 TC01 TCxx to to to to to to to MC TC01 TC21 TC1x TC02 TC03 TOxx multimodal optical fiber multimodal optical fiber multimodal optical fiber UTP cable. cat.5 CONNECTORS Optical Fiber: ST UTP: RJ45 (TIA 568B) .

Telecommunication Closet third floor TC21 FO link SW 21 second floor MC modem FO link router SW P TC11 SW 11 PP 11 TC12 SW 12 PP 12 PP 21 SW CS TC01 FO link SW 01 PP 01 TC02 SW 02 PP 02 TC03 SW 03 PP 03 PP CS first floor .Document: 6.

Cross Connection position PP CS-1 connection EF patch modem description ISP connection PP CS-2 PP CS-3 PP CS-4 PP CS-5 …… PP CS-xx ------- PP 01-1 PP 01-2 PP 01-3 PP 01-4 …… TOxx modem router SW CS-1 uplink to SW01 SW CS-2 uplink to SW02 SW CS-3 uplink to SW03 SW CS-4 uplink to SW04 …… router …… patch from modem to router SW CS-xx to a Telcom.Document: 7. Outlet SW CS-yy patch from router to switch .

Document: 8. SW 01 UP UP SW 02 SW 03 FO pres prn Atrio UP pres prn prt mob uff AP pres pres pres mob self self .3u Fast Ethernet) legacy (USB. Lpt. SW 11 modem router FO SW CS FO bibli bibli dirig scan prn SW P Magazzino server UP SW 12 mag Sala prest. biblio. LAN Diagram LEGEND optical fiber (802. Sala ric. mag Sala cons. Gigabit) UTP (802.3 ab) UTP (802.3 ab. Com) wireless second floor UP SW 21 FO prt uff uff TLC UP Uff.

Active Devices Specifications .Document: 9.

IP address .Document: 10.

note the relation between Categories (USA) and Classes (Europe) for UTP cable: C D E 3 5e 6 .5 installation: do and don’t class A B category - Please.Installation technique CAT.

CAT. UNROLLING CABLE DON’T allow the cable to kink. DO use a cable pulling accessory. knot or snag while pulling it off the spool or out of the box. .3 Kg) of pullforce.5 Installation CABLE TENSION DON’T pull cable with excessive force. deforming the pair-twist will alter the performance of the cable. DO pull cable using less than 25 pounds (11. as this will alter the cable’s insulation and transmission properties.

DO use j-hooks or similar devices designed to support cables. .CAT. minimum distance between power supply cable and network cable (parallel running) is 15 cm. … and DON’T allow the cable hook to rip or fray the cable.5 Installation RUNNING & SUPPORTING CABLE DON’T overstress cables by overloading ….

. especially to the point where crush stress is visible.CAT. DO use cable clamps on individual runs.5 Installation RUNNING & SECURING CABLE DON’T overstress cables by overtightering cable ties. DO use sweeping bends. USING WIRE CHANNELS DON’T allow the cable to form right angles or sharp bends. DO use tie wraps loosely on large bundles. (see also “Using Tie-wraps”) DO use Velcro tie wraps to secure large bundles.

. DO tie-wrap the bundle loosely. DO staple by hand.5 Installation STAPLING CABLE DON’T squish cables when securing them. DO use Velcro as a flexible and reusable alternative to plastic tie-wraps to keep bundles from cinching. or use staplers with depth stops. DO use Velcro to keep cables from becoming over-cinched. especially to the point where crush stress is visible.CAT. USING TIE-WRAPS DON’T chinch the cables tightly.

and the cable jacket is maintained as close to the terminations as possible.CAT. MAINTAINING PAIR TWISTS DURING TERMINATION DON’T untwist the cable pairs more than 12 mm and DON’T strip cable jacket back any more than you need to. DO maintain pair twists to within 12 mm of the termination point. DO retain cable jacket as close to the termination point as possible. .5 Installation REMOVING CABLE JACKET DON’T remove too much cable jacket.

5 cm. 2.Making a UTP patch cable 1. Separate out the 4 pairs of wires 3. Strip off the jacket for about 2. 4. then clip their length so that a maximum of 1. Untwist and organize the wires according to the proper colour code and flatten the wires (T568A or T568B).2 cm of untwisted wire is present. . Maintain the colour order and flatness of the wires.

Insert the plug firmly into the crimp tool and crimp down completely. 6. Inspect the colour code and jacket location to be sure they are correct. Insert ordered wires into RJ-45 plug. 8. Push the wires in firmly enough to make sure the conductors are all visible when you look at the plug from the end.Making a UTP patch cable 5. make sure jackets are inserted into plug. 7. .

Fiber Optic connectors .

Mini-Glossary .

Commonly referred to as Structured Connectors or Stick and Click. a telephone connector that holds up to eight wires. Registered Jack-45. used in Ethernet devices color coding used for normal network cabling UTP RJ45 T568A/B .Vocabulary ST SC (Straight Tip) A fiber-optic connector which uses the bayonet style coupling. type of fiber optic connector (Structured Connector) optical connector with a push-pull mating design. (Unshielded Twisted Pair) a cable that consists of two or more insulated conductors in which each pair of conductors are twisted around each other.

etc. the 7-layers suite of protocols designed by ISO committees to be the international standard computer network architecture Main Distribution frame. a distribution frame on one part of which terminate the permanent outside lines entering the central office building and on another part of which terminate the subscriber line multiple cabling.Vocabulary OSI Open Systems Interconnection. Multimode Fiberoptic Cable. fiberoptic cable in which the signal or light propagates in multiple modes or paths MDF MMF . trunk multiple cabling.

A IEEE 802. wiring diagram A point to point. .3z working group designing a specification for 1000 Mbps .commonly called Fast Ethernet over twisted-pair wiring.commonly called Gigabit Ethernet.Vocabulary 10Base-T An Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE) 802.3 working group designing a specification for 10 Mbps CSMA/CD baseband local area networking (LAN) transmission commonly called Ethernet over twisted-pair wiring. 100Base-T 1000Base-T A specification for 100 Mbps . highway or airline wiring format which defines the wiring path and color code of wire to and from apparatus components.

Vocabulary wire A single metallic conductor. usually solid-drawn and circular in cross section shielded cable Cable with metal tape shield wrapped around the insulated conductors. twisted pair rack patch panel power cord Insulated wire in which pairs are twisted together. A structure on which equipment is mounted A generic device that allows for organizing and connecting the copper and fiber optic cables A three-wire (sometimes two-wire) cord used to make connection with an AC public power supply .

Vocabulary layout ground fiber optics A proposed or actual arrangement or allocation of equipment An intentional or accidental connection between an electric circuit or its housing and the ground (earth) Thin filaments of glass through which light beams are transmitted over long distances and which can carry enormous amounts of data A single wire or group of individual wires in a single sheath Cable running vertically in a multi-story building to serve the upper floors. cable cable riser .

All systems that have connectivity to the backbone connect to each other antenna A device for transmitting or receiving. organize. or transmitting and receiving signals . cable tray Steel trough erected above equipment racks to support cable runs in an equipment room conduit A device used to hold. and protect electrical or optical cables cross connection .A mapping between two channels or paths at a network device backbone The main connectivity device of a distributed system.Vocabulary cable run Conduit used to run cables through a building. Also the path taken by a cable or group of cables.

telecommunications room and data center a cabinet or enclosed recess for telecommunications devices the location within a building where the lines from the telephone company connect to the customer's lines. demarcation point .Vocabulary structured cabling cable pathway cable runway closet is a set of standards that determine how to wire a building for data or voice communications systems providing horizontal. vertical and backbone pathways for your computer room. vertical and backbone pathways from your data room to your workstations o Ladder Rack. horizontal.

Vocabulary interbuilding intrabuilding outlet telecommunication outlet jack horizonthal pathway entrance facility .

Vocabulary building backbone campus backbone building distributor floor distributor campus distributor cross connect main cross connect .

Vocabulary intermediate cross connect transition point patch cord .