“Behavioural Based Safety”

Establishing A Safety Culture

Contents
• • • • • • • Poor Safety = Disasters History of Safety Why Behavioural Based Safety (BBS)? ABC Model The 6 Pillars of Behavioural Safety BBS Implementation in Rashpetco ( Case Study) Value Added

Poor Safety = Disasters
• Flixborough 1974 & Bhopol 1984 & Piper Alpha 1988

Flixborough 28 people died Bhopol 3800 people died Piper Alpha 60 people died

El TEMSAH DISASTER – EGYPT 2004

BP Explosion-Texas City 2005

Buncefield Disaster – UK 2005

BHN Disaster- India 2005

History Of Safety

Hardware

Incidents
Software

People

Continuous Improvement

Time
50s & 60s 70s & 80s Late 90s

Triple Constraint
Balanced Project

Time Scope

Cost

QHSSE
Robust Quality & Safety Systems = Enhanced Business Performance

Risk Management Key Part in a Successful Project
Project Integration Management Project Scope Management Project Time Management Project Cost Management Project Quality Management Human Resource Management Communication Management Project Risk Management
Project Procurement Management

Risk Management
Activities required to effectively identify, analyze, and respond to project risks • Risk Management Planning • Risk Identification • Qualitative Risk Analysis • Quantitative Risk Analysis • Risk Response Planning • Risk Monitoring and Control

Iceberg Principle Underlying Causes Of Incidents
Risk Assessment Ethics Procedure

Above the surface tangible causes, eg. systems, processes, structures

Values Attitudes Behaviours Beliefs

Beneath the surface or at the root of the tangible causes

Causes Of Injuries
• Most injuries are caused by unsafe acts and unsafe behaviors not unsafe conditions and equipment.
4% Unsafe Conditions

• This is typical for all industries

96% Unsafe Acts

Safety Culture Maturity
GENERATIVE
Value driven Safety inherent in the heart and mind of the organisation

PROACTIVE

People Driven Safety
Continuous Improvement Driven Safety Actively Managed (Independentwith Workforce Interdependent )

System Managed Safety (Dependency)
CALCULATIVE

System Driven

Systems managing health and safety risks

REACTIVE PATHOLOGICAL

Avoidance Driven

Not Driven

No Systematic Management of Safety No Systematic Management
for managing loss

Basic Systems

Advantages of Behavioural Measurement
1 Major 29 Minor 300 Unsafe Acts
1. Prediction of Incidents 2. Combination of Behaviour 3. Free Learning Opportunities 4. Better Tracking 5. Better Understanding

What is behavioural Safety?
It is a programme based on the principles of behavioural psychology, also known as behaviour modification, (BBS) is a technique for modifying behaviour of workers to make them work safely.

• Uses behaviours as performance measure • Removes barriers and motivates safe behaviour

Behavior is what a person DOES to be safe or put themselves at-risk
Behavior is objective, observable, and measurable.

Requires an Understanding of the ABC Model

Behavioral Change

Activators

Direct Motivate

Behavior Consequences

The ABC Model Explains Why People Speed
Activators
Guide or direct the Behavior(s) Open Speed limit Sports Police signs Emergency road car car No Late Sunny cops day Drivers Others are speeding education Speeding Wreck Personal injury Ticket Waste gas Fun! Save time

Behavior Consequences
Motivate the future occurrence of the Behavior(s)

Property damage

Wear & tear

Consequences Influence Behviours

The 6 Pillars of Behavioural Based Safety
Facilitate, Support and Act upon recommendations Necessary to maintain involvement and support by employees and Management alike. Goal setting is necessary for continual improvement

Employee owned and run process

Ow Inv nersh olv ip em & ent

Management Commitment

All members of the organisation are involved. Lack of awareness leads to lack of collaboration

ss ene ar Aw aising R

BBS
Measurement
Basic to know progress. Continuously measuring the percentage of safe behaviours.

& ack ing b eed l Sett F a Go

Ro ot An -Cau aly se sis

BBS is all about identifying the rootcauses of unsafe behaviours in order to correct them effectively

BBS : How it works?
Observation and Measurement Feedback and Trends

Behavioural and Root Cause Analysis

100 90 80 70 60

Implement Recommendations

50 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 General PPE J ob Specific PPE

1st Pillar- Awareness Raising

BBS Committee BBS Trainings Meetings

2nd Pillar-Measurement

3rd Pillar Management Commitment

4th Pillar- Feedback

5th Pillar Root Cause Analysis

6th Pillar- Ownership

Value Added
Employee involvement • Reducing injuries/incidents • Intervention/analysis/solutions • Taking ownership/responsibility • Actively caring • Learning the ABC principles (Activators, Behaviors, Consequences)

Value Added
• Provides behavior data –facts - that goes beyond common sense • Builds positive attitudes and positive reinforcement • Promotes coaching/education/teamwork • Shifts thinking from priority to value • Working safely without injuries • Supports project schedules and budgets

We Need To Change our way of thinking

"It is not the strongest species that survive, nor the most intelligent: it is the one most adaptable to change“ Charles Darwin

Thank You

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