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NEURAL NETWORK

By : Farideddin Behzad Supervisor : Dr. Saffar Avval
May 2006 Amirkabir University of Technology

Agenda           Definition Application fields History Application Biological inspiration Mathematical model Basic definition Learning Neuron types and some issues Example of application in energy & engineering 2 .

k. synaptic weights).Definition Haykin(1999)  massive parallel-distributed processor  natural propensity for storing experiential knowledge  available for use. (a. to store the acquired knowledge 3 .a.  Acquiring knowledge by the network from its environment through a learning process  Using interneuron connection strengths.

Application fields    Data analysis Pattern recognition Control application 4 .

renewed interest in neural network 1986. Daivid Rummelhart & James McLand. works of neurons 1960. developed ADALINE and MADLINE From late 1960s to 1981. Warren McCulloch & Walter Pitts.History      1943. error backpropagation algorithm 5 . Bernard Widrow & Marcian Hoff. decreasing of researches Early 1980s.

Applications          Aerospace industry Automotive industry Banking Military industry Economics Manufacturing Medical applications Oil & petroleum industry And many more … 6 .

Biological inspiration   Brain structure Cell Cell Dendrites body Axon Denderites Soma (cell body) Axon 7 .

y  H ( z ) i 1 n Output y Inputs . wn-1 wn Artificial neural cell 8 x3 … xn-1 xn z   wi xi .Mathematical model x1 x2 Node w1 w2 w3 .

Mathematical model Mathematic model of artificial neural cell Cell body  input f   wp  b  p b 9 output w n a .

Basic definition      Architecture: formal mathematical description of a Neural Network. Hidden. (Input. (feed-forward & feed-back) Layer or Slab: A subset of neurons in a neural network. Output) Episodical vs continuous networks Neuron weight Activation function 10 .

Activation function Linear Activation function Non-Linear Step Sigmoid Linear Gaussian 11 .

Learning Supervised learning learning Unsupervised learning      Coincidence learning Performance learning Competitive learning Filter learning Spatiotemporal learning 12 .

Neuron types     Hebb Perceptron Adaline Kohonen 13 .

Some issues    Training dataset Test dataset Network size 14 .

Raquel Gareta.... Atmospheric Environment 40.Example of application in energy     Soleimani. Per Fahlen. Romeo. “Estimation operative temperature of building using artificial neural network”. 2006 Perez-roa P.2006 Luis M. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow. B. “Sensitivity analysis of freestream turbulence parameter on stagnation region heat transfer using a neural network”. Thomas. 2006 Seyedan B. Journal of Energy and Building 38 . Ching C. “ neural network for evaluating boiler behaviour”.Y. Vesovic V. Applied Thermal Engineering 26. “Air-pollution modelling in an urban area: Correlation turbulent diffusion coefficients by means of an artifical neral network approach”. M.. 2006 15 .

publishing company.1 Hecht-Nielsen R. 16 . .References 81‫ پاييز‬،‫ انتشارات دانشگاه صنعتي اميركبير‬،“‫ ”مباني شبكو ىاي عصبي‬،‫منياج محمد باقر‬ 2. 1991 MATLAB help documentation Addison-Wesley 3. “Neurocomputing“..