GSM Cell Planning and Optimization Study Case : Sragen Area

By Sumantri Pramudiyanto (+6281703544310) Jakarta, April 7th , 2009
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 Cell Planning Process

 Idle Mode Operation
 BSS Parameter  RF Optimization flow chart  Study Cases of RF Optimization

Cell Planning Process  Cell planning can be described briefly as all the activities involved in determining which sites will be used for the radio equipment. which equipment will be used and how the equipment will be configured .

 Analyzing traffic and coverage Required data : • Geography data • Demography data • Data of around network • Available frequency • Number of customer which wish to cover Customer demand : • GOS 2% • 95 % Indoor coverage • (C/I > 12 db) > 95% .Traffic and coverage Analysis  Collecting required data  Making discussion with the client to know their demand.

Pt  Po  (1  r ) n 573333 = 437556 x (1+r)6 r = 0.Nominal Cell Plan .74 E Wide of area which will be covered .Dimensioning (1) Geography and Demography data taken from sragen. in 2010 the operator want to cover 10 % subscriber in the region.046 • Assume that. then classify the subdistrict into cluster depend on traffic. contour area.go. and etc. we able to calculate % growth of Table 1 Geographic + Demographic data Table 2 Demographic data per years Target subscriber • After the data available. so the number of subscribers to be covered : Pt = 10 % x 57333 x (1+0. • From the demographic data (Table 2) . we need to divided the region into smaller cluster.046)3 Pt = 65629 • If traffic allocation per subscriber equal to 60mE then total traffic in Sragen area = 65629 x 60 mE = 3937.

 Using erlang B table we can count number of sites for cluster sragen tengah (GOS 2%.Nominal Cell Plan .  The next step. we can calculate the number of required sites depend on traffic.85 Erlang)  1586 TS ~ 227 TRX  Sragen tengah locate in center of town and has high traffic we use configuration 5/5/5 so the number of sites required in this cluster : 227/15 TRX = 15 Sites  With the same way we can calculate number of sites for the others cluster: Sragen Timur = 9 sites (Config 4/4/4) Sragen Barat = 12 sites (Config 4/4/4) Sragen Utara = 9 sites (Config 4/4/4) .Dimensioning (2)  From the geographic data we can determine Erlang distribution by density in each cluster. 1585.

Nominal Cell Plan – Link Budget  Link Budget Calculation is required to achieve system balance between uplink and downlink signal.  We can calculate coverage area per sites in suburban and rural cluster by equation L = k x R2 Lsite suburban L site rural = 1.  Output from system balance is a cell size in every sites.865)2 = 6.95 x (1. calculating number of sites related to coverage.67)2 = 13.95 x (2.90 km2  The next step.78 km2 = 1. Choose the biggest one .

Result Sragen Utara Sragen Timur Sragen Tengah Sragen Barat .Nominal Cell Plan .

. RF Engineer should perform CW Test.  Input all of drivetesting result to the planning tools then conducting calibration to get appropriate propagation model.  Drivetesting should be performed encircle the route and represent all of azimuth.CW Test / Model Tuning  In order to find out appropriate propagation model.

electricity. .Survey  Survey is required to ensure whether the nominal cell     position can be realized or not ? In general. and report to the RF team if appear obstacle around the nominal. Panoramic photo used to determine coverage target/azimuth Survey team also need to survey : road to nominal. in case the nominal cannot be realized. The survey team should take the panoramic photo around the nominal (0-360 degree). The RF Team should give alternative nominal or informed SAR ( ± 300m) to survey team. space for equipment.

 Scope of works in Detail Planning :  Frequency Planning  Parameter Planning (BSIC. we able to apply SFH or Baseband hopping in order to reduce the interference. etc)  Adjacency planning  The main key in conducting frequency planning is avoiding co-channel and adjacent interference. .  For TCH Frequency planning. HSN. MAList.Detail Planning  All of nominal coordinates must be fixed in detail planning phase. MAIO.

67% .2 = 24 Frequencies NTRX FL = X 100% # Hoppers 3 sectors with 24 hopping frequencies : -TCH = 3 TRXs  FL = (3/24)*100% = 12.Detail Planning – Frequencies Allocation  SFH Pattern 1x1 will be applied in this implementation  Number of Malist frequencies can be calculated by using equation :  Maximum configuration for the sites 5/5/5. so that number of required frequencies : Nfreqs/site = (12 – 3 ) x 2 + 3.5% -TCH = 4 TRXs  FL = (4/24)*100% = 16.

Detail Planning – Frequencies Allocation SFH Allocation untill configuration 5/5/5 MAIO MAIO Step = 0 = 2 8 16 .

 We can choose best pairs HSN to reduce collision frequencies between server and adjacent. Drivetest for QOD Program.2008 / VS .ppt / 24.04.Detail Planning – HSN Planning  HSN used to the parameter that differentiates the hopping algorithm between two cells having the same MAList.

1 NCC = 2.Detail Planning – Coverage Result NCC = 4.6 NCC = 0.3 .5 NCC = 5.

Detail Planning – Interference Prediction .

the installation team need to conduct commisioning (VSWR Measurement. .Installation and System Tuning  After Installation done. check hardware installation )  The Drive test team also need to verify whether the BTS serving target correctly or not  Then.  Pre Launch Optimization performed to achieve the KPI Target for new site or TRX expansion. Acceptance Test Procedure is conducted to check how well the KPI meets the demand.

Then tune to the strongest RF channel.Max(B.Maximum RF Output Power of the Mobile Station p1 = rxLevelAccessMin Min. Tune to the next highest RF channel which is not tried before C1 = (A .0)) A = Received Level Average p1 B = p2 . received level at the MS required for access to the system p2 = msTxPowerMaxCCH Max. Is it a correct PLMN ? Yes Is the cell barred? No Is C1>0 Yes No Yes No Camp on the cell . take samples during 3-5 s and calculate averages. Tx power level an MS may use when accessing the system Search for the frequency correction burst in that carrier in order to varify if it is a BCCH carrier No Is it a BCCH carrier? Yes Try to synchronize to the carrier and read the BCCH data. And put them in ascending order with respect to signal level.IDLE MODE OPERATION Normal Cell Selection Search all the RF channels .

Cell Reselection C1 + cellReselectOffset .temporaryOffset*H(penaltyTime-T)  T < = penaltyTime C2 = C1 + cellReselectOffset …………………………………………. T > penaltyTime 1 when T < = penaltyTime H(x) = 0 when T > penaltyTime .

Cell Reselection Histerysis .

4)  defines the step size used when reducing the MS transmit power . normally used in dual band network (GSM<>DCS)  RACHBT (RACH Busy Threshold) (0-127) defines a threshold for the signal level on the RACH  HRACTT1 (0-100)  Half Rate Activation Threshold  T3212 (0-255)  Parameter LUP Periodically  MAXRETR (1.4.BSS Parameter BTS Parameter  RxLevAMI (0-63) Minimum signal strength for access the BTS in idle mode.4.7)  Maximum Retransmission on RACH  SDCCHCONGTH (0-100)  SDCCH Congestion threshold  RDLNKTO (0-15)  Timer for Radiolink timeout Power Control Parameter  LOWTLEVD/U (0-63) the lower threshold of the received signal level on the downlink/uplink for power increase  UPTLEVU/D (0-63)  defines the upper threshold of the received signal level on the uplink/downlink for power reduction  LOWTQUAD/U (0-7) the lower threshold of the received signal quality on the downlink for power increase  UPTQUAU/D (0-7) defines the upper threshold of the received signal quality on the uplink for power reduction  PWRINCSS (DB 2.6) defines the step size used when increasing the MS transmit power  PWREDSS (DB 2.  CRESOFF (Cell Reselection Offset) (0-25)  used for C2 Calculation.2.

HOLTHQUDL/UL (0-7)  defines the receive signal quality threshold on the downlink/uplink for inter-cell quality handover decision Adjacent Parameter     RXLEVMIN  the minimum received signal level the adjacent cell must provide to be regarded as a suitable target cell for handover HOM  Handover margin for better cell LEVHOM  parameter defines the handover margin for handovers due to uplink level or downlink level QUALLEVHOM  this parameter defines the handover margin for handovers due to uplink quality or downlink quality .BSS Parameter (2) Handover Parameter   HOLTHLVDL/UL (0-63)  defines the receive signal level threshold on the downlink /uplink for inter-cell level handover decision.

Transcoder) from statistics HOSR Problems ? Y Check Neighbor Relation Check Malist. T200. MAIO and HSN DCR Problems Check Handover Failure Per Cause Check measurement from statistics Take Action list Check Handover Parameter .RF Optimization Flow Chart Start Check SDCCH Blocking Check TCH Blocking Check TRX Quality Check Alarm Identify KPI Formula Check TRX Quality Check Alarm Identify the problems Check Alarm Check cochannel and co-BSIC Check Interference Check cochannel and co-BSIC SDSR Problems ? Y Check Interference Check Interference problems Check TA Check all others cause (Radio link Failure.

Conclusion  Every New Network need good plan for avoid     problems that will be arise. the New Sites onair need to be optimized to achieve the KPI Pre Launch Optimization is done for new sites on air or expansion sites. The most critical problems in performing cell planning process is interference. . Commonly there are six step in conducting planning.

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