CONTRIBUTIONS OF BASAVARAJEEYAM TO RASASHASTRA

Dr.Gaurav Desai
March 27, 2009 1

CONTENTS
• • • • • • INTRODUTION ABOUT THE AUTHOR ABOUT THE BOOK CHAPTERS IN THE BOOK PECULIARITIES OF BASAVARAJEEYAM CONCLUSIONS

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INTRODUCTION
• Many texts on Rasashastra since the 8th century onwards • Some have become more popular than others • Some texts lost in time • Some were republished • Basavarajeeyam is one such text

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR
• Authored by BASAVARAJA • Resident of Karnataka • Founder and preacher of Lingayats (Veera shaiva) • Time period between 15th and 16th century • Son of NAMAH SHIVAYA • Student of ARADHYA RAMADESHIKA (from Andhra) • Well versed in poetry March 27, 2009

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ABOUT THE BOOK
• • • • Time period between 15th and 16th century Contents divided into 25 chapters Chapters called Prakaranas References about Charaka, Madhava, Vagbhata, Rasarnava, Bhairav Kalpa etc found in the text • Includes some of Yogas pioneered by Nityanatha
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CONT…
• References about Hemadri found, hence the time period • Published in 1930 by Shri Govardhana Sharma Changani in Nagpur • Published by Chaukhamba Sanskrit Prakashana, New Delhi in 2005 • Hindi translation published by Indian Institute of History of Medicine,CCRAS, New Delhi
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RELEVANCE OF TEXTS ACC TO YUGAS
According to the author of the text : • • • • SATYUGA – CHARAKA TRETA YUGA – RASARNAVA DWAPARA YUGA – SIDDHA KALI YUGA - BASAVARAJEEYAM
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PECULIARITIES OF THE TEXT
• • • • • Deals with treatment of various diseases Mostly uses Rasa Dravyas in treatment Belongs to the Siddha school of thought Includes description about Nadi Pareeksha Uses mostly Rasa, Bhasma, Gutika, Kashaya, avalehas

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CONT…
• Contents divided into 25 chapters (Prakaranas) • They deal with:
– – – – – Jwara Sannipata Mana kaya dosha, mutra parikshana, Kshaya roga Pandu, Shopha, kamala

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CONT…
• Cont…
– – – – – – – Vata Vyadhis Pitta Vyadhis, Chardi, Murcha Kasa, Shwasa, Hikka Prameha, Mutrakrichra, Ashmari Grahani, Atisara Udara, Vidradhi Trushna, Daha, Hridroga, Ajirna
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CONT…
• Cont…
– – – – Kushtha (explained gandhakotpatti), visarpa Arsha, Upadamsha, Andavriddhi Vandhya, Yonishoola, Garbhini-sutika chikitsa Pradara, Yonivyapata, Garbhapata, Moodhagarbha, Somaroga – Netraroga – Sthaulya, Madatyaya, Nasaroga, Shiroroga – Gulma, Tuni- Prati tuni
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CONT…
• cont…
– Unmada, Apasmara – Bhagandara, Vrana, Dagdha, Arbuda, Karna roga, Mukha roga, Shlipada – Ajagallika, Indralupt, Vyanga, swarabhanga, Arochaka etc. – Visha Chikitsa – Jvaradinam Karmavipaka, Swarna Dhenu Dana
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CONT…
• 25th Chapter deals with all the Rasa dravyas
– – – – – – – – – Parad Utpatti and various samskaras Gandhaka Manashila Hingula Gauripashana Vimala Makshika Gairika Tankana
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CONT…
• Cont… – Anjana – Shilajatu – Kampillaka – Tuttha – Kshara – Lavana – Visha – Kankushta – Lohas (Svar, Raj, Tam, Kams, Loha, Mand, Sis, Nag, Van ) – Abraka – Navaratnas (Ma, Mu, Vaj, Vai, Vaid, Neel, Mar, Gom, Pra)
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CONT…
• Drutis of all Lohas mentioned. • Sindura of all Lohas mentioned • Shuddhi of all dravyas mentioned in 1 shloka in the 25th chapter • Explained naadi pereeksha in detail • Explained mootra pareeksha in 3rd prakarana • Gandhaka utpatti and sevana krama and pathya pathya
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CONCLUSIONS
• • • • • Specialises in Kayachikitsa Used rasaushadhis extensively Detailed pulse examination description Pioneered Dhatu Druti Contains deccription of newer diseases e.g. Firang, Upadamsha

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