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Oral Presentation

Qurratu Ayun Binti Hashim Anis Wardah Binti Yusri (1PISMP TESL 1)

Reasons why Lamb To The Slaughter Literary Criticism

Why we choose Lamb to the Slaughter?

Combination of irony, humour and real human psychology. Reveals the dark part of human being which never crossed in our sane minds. Eg: Soft and loyal wife had the gut to kill her own husband. It is a cunning way to kill someone and in the same time, it removes the alibi.


Gender Criticism


1. Gender Criticism
General View
Occurs when stating the socially constructed differences between men and women which has been agreed in a society.

The ideology or belief system which sees as "natural" the dominance and superiority of men over women in both private and public contexts-as it exists in literary, historical, and critical contexts.

Male and Female Roles

From this story, the writer portrays the image of a typical and stereotyping woman who was a happy housewife who cooked the food, cleaned the house, while the husband worked to support the family. This shows that the scenario of these both roles has been accepted by the society.

General View
Patrick Maloney played a role as the financial supporter of the family. He worked as a police officer meanwhile, Mary as a wife, she took care of the house and did all the house work while waiting for her husband to come back from work. Mary tried to be the best for her husband. For example, gave him her attention, care and tried to provide everything for her husband.

Evidence from text

Now and again she glanced at the clock, but without anxiety, merely to please herself with the thought that each minute gone by made it nearer the time when he would come. There was a slow smiling air about her, and about everything she did. The drop of a head as she bent over her sewing was curiously tranquil her skin for this was her six month with child-had acquired a wonderful translucent, the mouth of soft and the eye with their were placid look, same larger and darker than before. When the clock said ten minutes to five, she began to listen and a few moment later punctually as always, she heard the tires on the gravel outside, and the car door slamming, the foot steps passing the window, the key turning in the lock. She laid aside her sewing, stood up, and went forward to kiss him as he came in. (pg 15, para 3)

She laid aside her sewing, .. took his coat and hung it in the closet (pg 15, para 3-6)

In this text, we can see the differences of role of both genders which are men go to work while women stay at home and do housework. This scenario is socially accepted by the society. It is known that each gender has its own duty in making a balance and harmony marriage.

Society has accepted that man has the power to control any situation of the family. He is the person who makes all the decision in the family while woman is the person who follows and agrees with it.

In the story, we can see that Patrick made it clear that he was going to leave her and there was no space for discussion. In the other hand, Mary , being a loyal wife, did not say anything, in fact she just went back doing her own work.

Evidence from Text

So there it is, he added. And I know it is kind of a bad time to be telling you, but there simply wasnt any other way. Of course Ill give you money and see youre looked after. But there neednt really be any fuss. I hope not anyway. It would not be very good for my job. Ill get the supper, she managed to whisper, and this time he didnt stop her.
It is socially accepted that men are the ones who make decision in a marriage while women are the ones who obey their husbands.

Cheris Kramarae, Feminism is the radical notion that women are human.

In feminism, women are being oppressed in the patriarchal world. Womens voice are not heard. This leads to the existence of feminist movement.

So there it is, he added. And I know it is kind of a bad time to be telling you, but there simply wasnt any other way. Of course Ill give you money and see youre looked after. But there neednt really be any fuss. I hope not anyway. It would not be very good for my job.
In this story, the writer stressed the dominancy of male where they can make a decision without womens interruption in marriage. The reason is women are portrayed as having no value and have to obey their husbands no matter what happens.

In the feminism world, women are viewed as nothing, been treated without any respect and verbal violence. They are considered as the weak and submissive ones.

Sit down. (pg 16,para 17) For Gods sake! (pg 17,para 12)

From here, we can see that Patrick did not respect Mary and abused her verbally. He yelled at her despite that Mary was being nice and polite towards him. Plus, he expected no reply from her.

2. Psychoanalytic
Defenses (Denial)


Defenses = The act of protecting somebody or something from a

painful attack, criticism etc.

Denial = A refusal to accept that something unpleasant or painful is


I definitely look like David Beckhams little brother.

I think I can fit this pant just fine..I know Im not THAAAT BIG, am I?

In this story, we can see that the wife, Mary, was experiencing rejection which leaded her to be in a denial state. This is because she loved her husband wholeheartedly but her husband did not return the favour. When her husband decided to leave her, she became extremely devastated.

Evidence from text

Her first instinct was not to believe any of it, to reject it all. It occurred to her that perhaps he hadnt even spoken that she herself had imagined the whole thing. Maybe, if she went about her business and acted as though she hadnt been listening, then later, when she sort of woke up again, she might find none of it had ever happened. (page 17,para 7)
In this text, we can see that she was too shocked until she became numb (unconscious).That leaded her to distract herself by continuing doing her work which shows that she denied or cannot accept what Patrick said to her before.

The violence of the crash, the noise, the small table overturning, helped to bring her out of the shock. She came out slowly, feeling cold and surprised and she stood for a few minutes, looking at the body, still holding the piece of meat tightly with both hands. (pg 18, para 1)
In this text, it proves that her previous state (in an extreme shock) deviated her sanity and urged her to revenge. After she had her sanity back, she realised that what she did was wrong. Which leads her to do the well-planned scene to cover herself up. Her unconscious state leaded her to being in denial.