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International Business Management

Joby Chen - Eric Shih - Pauline Klieber - Caroline Himadewi Santoso - Chang-Lien Ch

Flag of Mexico


GREEN : Independence movement [1] Red : Spaniards that joined in the quest of independence and the blood of the national heroes [1] CENTER : Emblem of an eagle eating a snake The beginning of Mexico [1]

Geographical Location
United Mexican States Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Geography and climate

Land Forms : High mountains, low coastal plains, high plateaus, and desserts. Climate : The Tropic of Cancer effectively divides the country into temperate and tropical zones

Tropic of Cancer

Geography and climate

Area : 1.9 million km Capital : Mexico City

Tropic of Cancer

Currency and GDP

Currency : peso Population : about 115 million inhabitants GDP (PPP): $ 1,661 trillion (2011)


Spanish + 68 distinct indigenous Amerindian languages as national languages. Nahuatl languages is the only single indigenous language spoken by more than a million people in Mexico

States of Mexico

31 states + Federal District


Federal presidential representative democratic republic - Government is based on a congressional system, whereby the president of Mexico is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system.

History Timeline
300900 A.D. 1519 1521

[2] [3]


184 8

191 7



1835 1836

186 2

196 8

Ethnic Group
60% mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish)

30% Amerindian

9% white 1% others

Culture - Religion

f76,5% of population is Christian, most of it Roman

Catholic (brought from the Spanish colonization )

The World's second largest number of Catholics after Brazil

Culture - Art
Folk art traditions derived from the indigenous

Spanish handcrafts Architecture

Culture - Architecture

More sites on the UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE list than any other country in America (most of it is Architecture)

El Castillo, Chichen Itza

Mexico City Cosmopolitan Cathedral Mexican Stock Exchange

Culture - Literature

Mexican literature : one of the most prolific and influential of the Spanish language.

Some famous internationally authors: Juan Rulfo, Octavio Paz, Carlos Fuentes, Amado Nervo

Culture - Cinema

End of 19th century - beginning of the 20th Inspired by : Mexican Revolution The Guadalajara International Film Festival (Latin American film festival)

Culture - National Holidays

Independence from Spain, 16th September Constitution day, 5th February Celebrates the Promulgation of the 1857 and 1917 Constitutions Revolution Day,20th November Commemorates the start of the Mexican Revolution by Francisco I. Madero in 1910 Change of Federal Government 1st December (every six years, when a new President is sworn in office) Guadalupe-Reyes Marathon, mid-december to mi-january festivities (Guadalupe, the saint patron of Mexico) Piatas

Culture - Cuisine

UNESCO intangible cultural heritage Mix of indigenous cultures and European elements One of the most varied in the world, along with Chinese and Indian Chocolate important in the history of Mexico (Mexico's Aztec cuisine (religious rituals))

Culture - Music
Most of traditional contemporary music of Mexico written during the Spanish colonial period, using many European instruments. Mariachi: The most representative music of Mexico. Folk dances : "Jarabe Tapato",
known as "Mexican hat dance.

Culture - Sport

Traditional national sport of Mexico is Charreria (series of equestrian events) Bullfighting (tradition brought from Spain) Football, most popular team sport in Mexico Boxing

Summer Olympic Games in 1968 FIFA World Cup in 1970 and 1986 (1st country to host the FIFA World Cup twice)


(not in alphabetical order)

1. Barbezat, Suzanne. (n.d). The Mexican Flag. viewed on 21 September 2012. Retrieved from 2. PBS. (n.d). Interacticve Timeline. Viewed on 20 September 2012. Retrieved from 3. Time Inc. (n.d). Mexico Timeline. Viewed on 20 September 2012. Retrieved from 4. Sedena. (n.d). Mexican Literature. Viewed on 19 September 2012. Retrieved from 5. Noble, Andrea, Mexican National Cinema, Taylor & Francis, 2005, ISBN 0-415-23010-1 6. ExplorandoMexico. (n.d). Mexican Cinema. Viewed on 20 September 2012. Retrieved from 7. Hawkes, Jeremy. (2010). Sports in Mexico. Viewed on 19 September 2012. Retrieved from 8. Kappel, Jo. (2010). 10 Interesting Facts about Mexican Food. Viewed on 19 September 2012. Retrieved from 9. Mexonline. (n.d). Mexicos Official and Religious Holidays. Viewed on 20 September 2012. Retrieved from 10. Revemexican. (2012). Religions. Viewed on 20 September 2012. Retrieved from
11. Oukedu. (n.d). Chapter 5. Viewed on 19 September 2012. Retrieved from

Thank you for your attention !

History Timeline Details

300-900 A.D.

The classical period for the ancient Mayan, Zapotecan and Teotihuacn people. [3]


Many Native American groups have lived in the U.S.-Mexico border region for centuries. [2]

A three great civilizations preceded the wealthy Aztec empire, conquered by Spanish forces under the leader, Hernando Cortes. [2]

History Timeline Details


Mexico fights for independence from Spain. Mexico wins in 1821. Independence day on September, 16th 1810. [3]


Mexico becomes a republic. [2]


Texans declare its independence from Mexico. [2]


The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the War. [2]

History Timeline Details

European intervention during Civil War by Britain, Spain, and France. The first two withdrew while French remain, hoping to establish a new empire. Mexican soldiers defeat the French army in the Battle of Puebla. [2]


A secret telegram from Germany to Mexico proposing an armed alliance. This causes U.S. to enter World War I. [2] A new constitution is adopted in 1917. [3]


Mexico city hosts the first Olympic Games ever held in Latin America. [3]