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10/24/2008

NIFT HYDERBAD DFT-III,LALIT

Definition
A non woven fabric is manufactured sheet ,web or batt of directional or random oriented fibers, bonded by friction and/or cohesion and/or adhesion ,excluding paper.

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NIFT HYDERBAD DFT-III,LALIT

Defined as textile structure produced by interlocking or bonding of fibres or both. Accomplished by mechanical, chemical, thermal or solvent means and combinations thereof (ASTM). A web of fibres is formed. NONWOVENS are anything that is not knitted, woven, paper, tufted and does not use yarn.

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NIFT HYDERBAD DFT-III,LALIT

Fibres are basic units.


Arranged into webs and consolidated. Distance between the fibres is much greater than the fibre diameter. The weight of the web is usually low. Results in thin porous web material.

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NIFT HYDERBAD DFT-III,LALIT

Basic materials- fibres like olefin, polyester and rayon Speciality chemicals- bonding agents to provide strength. Auxiliary agents- to control flexibility, enhance surface texture or alter moisture transport capabilities.
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Performance profile of a nonwoven like strength, softness, absorbency, filtering ability depends on: Fibre solution Arrangement of fibres in the web How the component fibres are held together.
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Carded Air laid Wet laid


Spunbond Meltblown

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Chemical (adhesive, resin, latex) Needlepunch Spunlaced/hydroentangling Thermal bond


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Fibre opening

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NIFT HYDERBAD DFT-III,LALIT

Dry laid web forming process. Uses air to randomly lay fibers. Long fibers are opened and blended and deposited on a screen from an air stream Air stream carries fiber to conveyor and forms the web Fibers are arranged with more random orientation than in carding, even some vertical orientation in fibers of thick webs

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Similar to air laid except that water is used to carry fibers and form web. Fibers are suspended in water and then collected on a screen, forming the web Water is drained, then vacuumed, then pressed, and finally evaporated with heat

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Chemical Bonding
Chemicals (called adhesives) used to bond fibers.

After the web is formed, a chemical binder (typically in the form of latex) is applied Latex may be applied in pattern The chemical binder fills in between fibers and sticks to fiber crossovers Thus, a bond is formed
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Gravure Printer

Spray

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Foam Padder

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Chemical Bonding End Products

Roofing: Acrylic or phenolic for weatherability, asphalt for water repellency, ceramic sprinkles for decoration/light protection Automotive, PVC copolymers- sealing performance / flame retardancy Some adhesives approved for food contact

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Thousands of needles interlock fibers in a web

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Needleloom NIFT HYDERBAD DFT-III,LALIT

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Needlepunch End Products


Felt Geotextiles Blood filters Synthetic leather Blankets Automotive interior trim - carpet

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Bonding technique using high powered water jets.

Fine, high pressured water streams entangle fibers


Process bonds fabric

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Spunlaced fabric

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Spunlaced End products


Wipes Medical apparel Medical dressings Synthetic leather

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Heat & Pressure + Melted Fiber = Thermal Bonded Bond fibers by: Applying heated air stream Applying heat & pressure Results in melted fibers which bond

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Thank you

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