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.Recruitment is the process of publicizing vacancies of a particular organization in the most attractive manner in order to invite maximum pool of potential people eligible for the job. OR The process of hiring right people from the right places at the right time for the right purposes through the right procedures.

Managing the response 5. Conducting interview and decision making . Advertising the vacancy 4. Short-listing 6. Identify vacancy 2. Prepare job description and person specification 3. Arrange interviews 7.1.



Help reduce the probability that job applicants once recruited and selected will leave the organization only after a short period of time. Help increase the success rate of selection process by decreasing number of visibly under qualified or overqualified job applicants. Increase organization and individual effectiveness of various recruiting techniques and sources for all types of job applicants   .   Meet the organizations legal and social obligations regarding the composition of its workforce. Begin identifying and preparing potential job applicants who will be appropriate candidates.


Internal sources of recruitment are readily available to an organization. It also saves time. But a drawback of internal recruitment is that it refrains the organization from new blood. Hiring from outside has to be done. Internal recruitment may lead to increase in employee’s productivity as their motivation level increases. Also. Re-employment of ex-employees is one of the internal sources of recruitment in which employees can be invited and appointed to fill vacancies in the concern. not all the manpower requirements can be met through internal recruitment. money and efforts. promotions and Re-employment of ex-employees.  . Internal sources are primarily three – Transfers.    Internal Recruitment – is a recruitment which takes place within the concern or organization.

But it involves lot of time and money . Head-Hunting . External Recruitment – External sources of recruitment have to be solicited from outside the organization. Advertisements through print and web media. Labour contractors. Educational institutes/Campus Hiring.The external sources of recruitment include –         Employment at factory gate/Gate hiring. Recommendations/References. Employment exchanges. External sources are external/outside from a concern. Employment agencies.

Now-a-days recruitment in government agencies has become compulsory through employment exchange. These applicants are called as unsolicited applicants. There are people who keep on soliciting jobs from one place to another. Employment Exchanges – There are certain Employment exchanges which are run by government. These types of workers apply on their own for their job.   . For this kind of recruitment workers have a tendency to shift from one factory to another and therefore they are called as “badli” workers. Medium used is Newspapers and Television. Most of the government undertakings and concerns employ people through such exchanges. This kind of recruitment is applicable generally where factory workers are to be appointed. Employment at Factory Level – This a source of external recruitment in which the applications for vacancies are presented on bulletin boards outside the Factory or at the Gate. Advertisement – It is an external source which has got an important place in recruitment procedure. The biggest advantage of advertisement is that it covers a wide area of market and scattered applicants can get information from advertisements.

.• Employment Agencies – There are certain professional organizations which look towards recruitment and employment of people. They enjoy goodwill and a stand in the company. • Educational Institutions – There are certain professional Institutions which serves as an external source for recruiting fresh graduates from these institutes. i. The biggest drawback of this source is that the company has to rely totally on such people which can later on prove to be inefficient. is called as Campus Recruitment. They have special recruitment cells which helps in providing jobs to fresh candidates. these private agencies run by private individuals supply required manpower to needy concerns. • Recommendations – There are certain people who have experience in a particular area.e. There are certain vacancies which are filled by recommendations of such people. This kind of recruitment done through such educational institutions.

Through these contractors. i. Under conditions when these contractors leave the organization. such people who are appointed have to also leave the concern. .• Labour Contractors – These are the specialist people who supply manpower to the Factory or Manufacturing plants. workers are appointed on contract basis. for a particular time period.e.


 OUTSOURCING In India. . the outsourcing firms or the intermediaries charge the organizations for their services. the HR processes are being outsourced from more than a decade now. A company may draw required personnel from outsourcing firms. Outsourcing firms develop their human resource pool by employing people for them and make available personnel to various companies as per their needs. The outsourcing firms help the organization by the initial screening of the candidates according to the needs of the organization and creating a suitable pool of talent for the final selection by the organization. In turn.

as it weakens the competitive strength of the firm. the organisation might be a competitor in the industry.e. Poaching means employing a competent and experienced person already working with another reputed company in the same or different industry. It has become a challenge for human resource managers to face and tackle poaching. Alternatively job seekers place their CV’s in worldwide web. CV through e mail using the Internet. But it is seen as an unethical practice and not openly talked about. better than the current employer of the candidate. Indian software and the retail sector are the sectors facing the most severe brunt of poaching today. POACHING/RAIDING “Buying talent” (rather than developing it) is the latest mantra being followed by the organisations today. The job seekers send their applications or curriculum vitae i. A company can attract talent from another firm by offering attractive pay packages and other terms and conditions. which can be drawn by prospective employees depending upon their requirements.  . E-recruitment is the use of technology to assist the recruitment process. They advertise job vacancies through worldwide web. E-RECRUITMENT Many big organizations use Internet as a source of recruitment.

competitors. Focus on skills that are hands-on. efforts and to avoid lengthy ref. Like-its domain. checks.TIBCO. SAP and their latest versions.DOT NET SQL Oracle. Read the resume to the fullest.Hibernats. Do check and segregate overall experience and relevant experience.INFORMATICA. Check background by cross checking (a) qualification (b) Past experience and skill-set . Always give first chance to internal employees wherever possible to mapout growth path(s) for them & to convey positive messege.AJAX. Terms and their possible combinations. Business model. Thorough understanding about the position/vacancy through-JD.PHP.J2EE. Location.  In-depth understanding about the organization having vacancy.Struts.LAMP. For exampleJave. brand value and other USP’s. energy.      . In case of searching for IT/Technology oriented profiles have a firm grip on the latest techo.   Work more on references (internal recruitment) to save time.

              What are the stages of a recruitment process? What is cold-calling? What is head-hunting? What is the difference b/w recruitment & selection? What are the sources of recruitment you are familiar with? What is the difference between employment exchanges and employment agencies ? Consultancies are a part of which category mentioned above? If you are to recruit X no of employees. which method would you prefer to opt? What are the possible costs of recruitment process ? What are the factors affecting recruitment ? Can recruitment process be outsourced ? What are the pre-requisites for effective recruitment? What do you mean by JD? What do look in background check? .