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AN INTRODUCTION TO VERY LARGE FLOATING STRUCTURES

INTRODUCTION

TYPES OF VLFS

Semi submersible type Pontoon type

MEGA FLOATS ADVANTAGES

Environmental friendly Easy and fast to construct Easily removed or expanded Protected from seismic shocks No differential settlement

DESIGN LOADS
Dead load Hydrostatic pressure Live load Abnormal loads Earth pressure Effects of earthquakes Effects of temperature change

Effects of water current Effects of tidal change Effects of seabed movement Effects of movements of bearings Snow load Effects of tsunamis Effects of storm surges, ship waves, seaquake, brake load, erection load Effects of drift ice and ice pressure Effects of drifting bodies Effects of marine growths

DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

Materials Configurations Design criteria Corrosion protection

RATES OF CORROSION
Corrosive Environment Corrosion Rate (mm/year)
Above HWL HWL to- 1 m below LWL Offshore side 1 m below LWL to seabed Mud layer beneath seabed Air Earth above water level Onshore side Earth below water level 0.3 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.03 0.1 0.03 0.02

MOORING SYSTEM

UNIQUENESS OF VLFS

Large size Environment condition Design and analysis Connection at sea Design life and other unique criteria

CONCLUSION

Thank You