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ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE PLAN TRAINING

Clipper Marine Services


MARPOL

MARPOL COMPLIANCE The Annexes


MARPOL I :
Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil

MARPOL II :
Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid Subs in Bulk

MARPOL III:
Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution from Harmful Substances in Packaged form (NOT COVERED IN THIS MODULE)

MARPOL lV:
Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships

MARPOL V:
Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships (COVERED BY GARBAGE MANAGEMENT PLAN MODULE)

MARPOL Vl:
Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships

MARPOL COMPLIANCE The Aim CLIPPER demands 100% compliance

to the pollution regulations


This can only be achieved with

YOUR FULL CO-OPERATION


DO NOT BYPASS ANY MARPOL REGULATION

IT IS AGAINST THE LAW

MARPOL Annex I

Regulations for the Preventing of Pollution by Oil

MARPOL Annex I

MARPOL ANNEX I
Control of Operational Discharge of Oil from Machinery Spaces Control of Operational Discharge of Oil from Cargo Area of Oil Tankers

Discharges OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREAS

Discharges IN SPECIAL AREAS

Discharges OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREAS

Discharges IN SPECIAL AREAS

MARPOL Annex I

DISCHARGE OF OIL FROM MACHINERY SPACES

OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREAS


The ship is proceeding en route
For ships 400 to 10,000 GT : Oil filtering equipment For ships more than 10,000 GT : additionally an alarm and automatic stopping device

IN SPECIAL AREAS

The ship is proceeding en route

The oily mixture is processed through an Oil Filtering Equipment

The oily mixture is processed through an Oil Filtering Equipment

For ALL ships An alarm and automatic stopping device

The oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 PPM

The oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 PPM

The oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump room bilges on oil tankers

The oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump room bilges on oil tankers

The oily mixture, in case of oil tankers, is not mixed with oil cargo residues

The oily mixture, in case of oil tankers, is not mixed with oil cargo residues Antarctic area - Discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from any ship shall be prohibited

MARPOL Annex I

DISCHARGE OF OIL FROM THE CARGO AREA OF OIL TANKERS

OUTSIDE SPECIAL AREAS


The tanker is not within a special area

IN SPECIAL AREAS

The tanker is more than 50 nautical miles from the nearest land

Any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixture from the cargo area of an oil tanker IS PROHIBITED

The tanker is proceeding en route

The instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content does not exceed 30 litres per nautical mile The total quantity of oil discharged into the sea does not exceed /30,000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo

The tanker has in operation an ODMCS and a slop tank arrangement

MARPOL Annex I Special Areas


1. 2. Red sea Baltic Sea

3.
4. 5.

Black sea
Persian Gulf Gulf of Aden

6.
7. 8.

Mediterranean Sea
North West European Waters Antarctic Area (South of 60 deg S latitude)

9.
10.

Oman area of the Arabian sea ( fm 01/01/2007)


Southern South African waters (fm 01/03/2008)

MARPOL Annex I Some points to ponder


Tanker en-route ?? Special areaswhy special ! Nearest Land is always nearest ?? IOPP Discharge connection Exceptions to Annex I SOPEP and ORB Part I / II

MARPOL Annex I Pollution Incident

Hebei Spirit
On 7 Dec 07 a crane barge towed by a tug collided with the anchored crude carrier Hebei Spirit, carrying 260,000 tonnes of crude oil near Daesan, Korea and resulted in the leaking of some 10,800 tonnes of crude oil.

MARPOL Annex I Pollution Incident

MARPOL Annex II

Regs for the Control of Pollution by Nox Liquid Subs in Bulk

MARPOL Annex II Categorization of NLSs

MARPOL Annex II

CATEGORIZATION AND LISTING NOXIOUS LIQUID SUBSTANCES

CATEGORY

CATEGORY

CATEGORY

X
NLS which if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations would present a MAJOR HAZARD to either marine resources or human health

Y
NLS which if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations would present a HAZARD to either marine resources or human health

Z
NLS which if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations would present a MINOR HAZARD to either marine resources or human health

OTHER SUBSTANCES

Discharge into the marine environment PROHIBITED

Discharge into the marine environment LIMITED

LESS STRINGENT RESTRICTIONS for discharge into the marine environment

Evaluated and found to fall outside category X,Y or Z because they are considered to PRESENT NO HARM to marine resources, human health, amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea when discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations. Other Substances shall not be subject to any requirements of the Annex

ANNEX II Discharge Criteria

MARPOL Annex II Special Area

MARPOL Annex II Exceptions


The discharge criteria of Annex II (Regulation 3) does not
apply in the following circumstances: 1. For safety of life 2. For safety of the vessel 3. Resulting from damage to vessel & its equipment, only if reasonable precautions have been taken after the incident to minimize the discharge 4. It was not intentional 5. When being used to combat specific pollution incidents

MARPOL Annex II Cleaning Agents or Additives


Chapter 5 / Regulation 13.5 : As per the used washing medium, discharge regulations (Annex I / II) will apply ; When small amount of cleaning additive added to water for tank washing, it shall : 1. not contain Cat X ; 2. readily bio-degradable ; and 3. present in total concentration of less than 10% of the cleaning additive

MARPOL Annex II Points to Ponder


1. Depth of water 2. OS are listed.. ?? 3. All discharges to be below the waterline, not exceeding the maximum rate ?? 4. Ventilation of tank

5. Prewash requirements
6. Special area 7. P & A Manual

8. SMPEP
9. Cargo Record Book

MARPOL Annex IV

Regs for the Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from ships

MARPOL Annex IV

REGULATION 11 - DISCHARGE OF SEWAGE


From the nearest land

> 12 Nautical miles

Emptying holding tanks, min. speed of the ship shall be 4 knots

>3 Nautical miles

Comminuted and disinfected sewage

0 nautical miles Approved sewage treatment plant & no visible floating solids and no discoloration of water

MARPOL Annex V

Regs for the Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from ships

MARPOL Annex V Definitions


Garbage means :
Means all kinds of victual, domestic and operational waste Excludes fresh fish and parts thereof

Generated during the normal operation of the ship


To be disposed of continuously or periodically Excludes substances listed in other Annexes

MARPOL Annex V Garbage Management Plan & Book


Every ship of 400 tons gross tonnage and above, and every ship which is certified to carry 15 persons or more, shall carry a : 1.Garbage Management Plan 2.Garbage Record Book Designated Person In charge is the Chief Officer (Environmental Control Officer) Support staff includes : 2nd Engineer Chief Cook Bosun

MARPOL Annex V Disposal of Garbage in Special Areas


Disposal of Garbage in Special areas is prohibited, except:

Disposal into the sea of food wastes shall be made as far as practicable from land, but in any case not less than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land;
SPECIAL AREAS FOR GARBAGE (MARPOL ANNEX V): Mediterranean Sea Baltic Sea Black Sea Red Sea The Gulf Area The North Sea Area Antarctic area The Wider Caribbean Region

MARPOL Annex V
Disposal of Garbage Outside Special Areas

From the nearest land


> 25 Nautical miles Dunnage, lining and packing materials which will float Food waste, paper products, rags glass, metal, bottles, crockery and similar refuse Food waste, paper products, rags glass, metal, bottles, crockery & similar refuse if ground to less than 25mm

> 12 Nautical miles

> 3 Nautical miles

0 to 3 Nautical miles

Discharge of any garbage prohibited

Garbage Management

Disposal of Garbage outside Special Areas


PLASTICS

Please note that it is illegal for any ship to dispose of plastic waste anywhere in the ocean or in any navigable waters
Plastic waste must always be disposed off at an appropriate shore facility or incinerated if the incinerator on board is certified for burning plastics Plastic clinkers from incinerators will however need to be disposed ashore

MARPOL Annex V
Clipper Policy

Though International Regulations do permit garbage disposal at sea, Clipper desires to limit disposal to a minimum The order for disposal of the vessels garbage shall be: 1. To shore reception 2. Incineration 3. Authorised /Permitted disposal at sea Disposal of Plastics or Oily Waste into the sea is prohibited.

MARPOL Annex V

MARPOL Annex V

MARPOL Annex V Points to Ponder

Mixing Garbage Garbage segregation as per the Plan Oily rags Onboard means of processing Plastic ash Incineration start and stop time / sign of Officer in charge Do you all know your plan ??

MARPOL Annex VI

Regs for the Prevention of Air Pollution from ships

MARPOL Annex VI Important Points

The purpose MARPOL Annex VI is to reduce harmful emissions from ships into the atmosphere especially Nitrogen and Sulphur Oxides (SOx & NOx) Came into force on 19 May 2005 Applies to all Ships All Ships to carry IAPP Certificate International Air Pollution Prevention Ships built before 19 May 2005 to have an IAPP Certificate NOT later than 19 May 2008

MARPOL Annex VI Emission guidelines for the following

MARPOL Annex VI Emission guidelines ODSs


ODSs are substances which reduce the Ozone layer in the atmosphere

ODSs used onboard ships are mainly older type refrigerant gases : domestic fridge / air conditioning and Halon Gases : in fire fighting equipment
Deliberate release or emission of these Gases onboard is prohibited.

Older type refrigerant gases (CFCs) & halons are not allowed to be used on new building vessels

Re-cycling equipment should be used to capture these gases, when maintenance is being carried out on associated machinery.

MARPOL Annex VI Emission guidelines for NOx


NOxs come mostly from diesel engines. They also come in smaller amounts from other internal combustion engines such as gas turbines It is applicable to Diesel Engines with an output of more than 130 kW installed on a Ship constructed on/after 01st January 2000. OR Diesel Engines which have been modified after 01 January 2000

Should have a NOx Emission Certificate issued by the Manufacturer.

MARPOL Annex VI Emission guidelines for SOx


From 19 May05, Sulphur Oxide (SOx) emission from ships is controlled by setting a limit of 4.5% on sulphur content of Marine Fuels A limit of 1.5% sulphur content in Marine Fuels is applicable in SECA (SOx Emission Control Areas) 1st SECA is Baltic Sea Area - into force from May 2006 2nd SECA is North Sea & English Channel - into force from Nov 2007 Record of sulphur content in bunker fuels to be maintained onboard ships

Bunker Samples to be retained onboard for at least 12 months

MARPOL Annex VI Emission guidelines for VOCs

Emissions of VOCs from Tankers may be regulated at Ports & Terminals of countries party to Annex-VI

Tankers subject to the above Rules shall use approved vapour collection systems during loading

MARPOL Annex VI Emission guidelines for Incinerators


Incineration of Annex-I, II & III cargo residues onboard is prohibited

Incineration of PCBs is prohibited


Incineration of PVCs (Poly Vinyl Chlorides) is prohibited in pre Annex-VI incinerators

For Annex-VI compliance, the combustion chamber temp should reach 600 deg C within 5 minutes of start-up
All Incinerators should have a combustion flue gas outlet temperature monitoring system

Incineration outside (in drums, etc) prohibited


All Incinerators installed after 01 Jan 2000 shall be Type Approved, as per IMO Specification for shipboard incinerators.

MARPOL Annex VI Fuel Oil Quality


Fuel oil supplied to Ships should be free from inorganic acids or chemical wastes. Bunker Delivery Notes (BDNs) should contain specific information, such as:
Name & IMO number of Receiving Ship Bunkering Port Date of Bunkering (commencement) Name, address & Tel No. of Fuel Oil Supplier Product Name Quantity (Metric Tons) Density @ 150C (kg/m3) Sulphur Content (% m/m)

MARPOL Annex VI Fuel Oil Quality


A declaration signed & certified by the Supplier that the fuel is in conformity with Regs 14 (Sox) & 18 (Fuel Oil Quality) Seal number of the Suppliers sample should be included in the BDN BDNs are to be retained onboard for 3 years after delivery onboard Specific sampling procedures are to be followed, as per the Regulation

Bunker sample should be sealed & signed by Supplier & Chief Eng.
Bunker sample should be retained onboard for at least 12 months from date of delivery Specific procedures should be followed for sample storage & a sample inventory should be maintained, in accordance with the Regulation

YOUR QUESTIONS AND FEEDBACK

ARE MOST WELCOME