By: Kamal Hasan (XI-TKR4) Ogy Risky (XI-TKR2) Yunus Adi P.

(XI-TKR4)

SIM REM

XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN

BRAKE SYSTEM
Function: Reduce speed and stop the vehicle. Allow parking in a declining As a means to ensure the safety and safe driving

XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN

BRAKE SISTEM
BRAKE SYSTEM COMPONENTS

XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN

PRINCIPLE OF BRAKE
BASIC BRAKE SYSTEM
Changing the energy of motion into heat energy. Generally brake system works due to the combination of suppression against rotary motion systems. Braking effect is obtained from the friction generated between the two objects

XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN

TYPE`S OF BRAKE SYSTEM Brakes are used in motor vehicles can be classified into several types depending on usage ~ Foot brake. commonly used on large vehicles and heavy XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .to hold that a vehicle is not easy move on when parking ~ auxiliary brake. operated using a foot to control speed and stop the vehicle ~ Parking Brake. to help brake the foot.

because it must using compressors to produce pressurized air XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . Its construction is simpler but more responsive • Pneumatis ( Pneumatis Brake ) Construction is complicated.FOOT BRAKE Be classified into two • Hydrolis ( Hydraulic brake ).

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF BRAKE WORK By pascal's law: Pressure liquid is passed to all directions with equal pressure The pressure generated by the master cylinder and forwarded to the pipeline`s and the wheel cylinders XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

HOW IT WORKS BRAKE LEVER Based on the principle of the lever that changes the FORCE a little pedal pressure to be great / big A – Lever distance to fulcrum B – Distance pushrod to fulcrum F1 – Emphasis force lever F2 – force pushrod XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

TYPE AND CONSTRUCTION MASTER CYLINDER There are two types of master cylinders ~ Single ~ Double (tandem) XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

Causing hydrolis pressure inside the cylinder increases and the pressure is transmitted to the wheel cylinders XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . So that there are two channels between the cylinder and resevoir tank When the brake lever is stepped on Piston moves to the right and close the compensating piston cup port.HOW IT WORKS When the brake pedal is not trampled Piston cup located between the inlet port and compensating port.

WHEEL CYLINDER There are 2 kinds of wheel cylinder ~ With a piston to push the brake shoe ~ With two pistons to push the brake shoe XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

lead. etc. Mixture of metallic fiber. plastic. brass. The assembly on the brake shoes to the way in rivet or glue XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .BRAKE SHOE DAN BRAKE CANVAS Brake shoe Steel plate material BRAKE CANVAS Materials.

DRUM BRAKE COMPONENT`S XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

REM TROMOL Drum brake component`s: Backing plate Wheel cylinder Brake shoe & linning Brake drum NOTE: When the brake rubbing against the brake drum linning. the heat generated can achieve 200 ~ 300oC XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

DRUM BRAKE TYPE`S LEADING AND TRAILING One wheel cylinder with two pistons that push the brake shoe to hit the top of the drum NOTE : At the leading shoe out faster than on the trailing shoe XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

making leading to a better brake grip XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .DRUM BRAKE TYPE`S TWO LEADING This type has two wheel cylinder that each`s have one piston Advantages: At the time the vehicle is moving forward both brake shoes.

DRUM BRAKE TYPE`S TIPE DUAL TWO LEADING This type has two wheel cylinder that each each have two pistons Braking effect that occurs when excellent vehicle forward or backward XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

Advantages: When the vehicle forward to leading both brake shoes The disadvantages: When the second vehicle backward into the trailing brake shoe XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .SERVO This type has a single wheel cylinder with a piston and the Adjusting cylinder can move freely.DRUM BRAKE TYPE`S UNI .

DRUM BRAKE TYPE`S DUO . So that when the vehicle is moving forward or backward serves both as a leading shoe brake shoe XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .SERVO This type is a refinement of the type servo Union So this type of brake uses a single wheel cylinder with two pistons and adjusting cylinder can move freely.

DRUM BRAKE TYPE `S ANCHOR PIN This type has a single wheel cylinder with two pistons Brake shoe bottom pin fastened using. If done braking in conditions such as images (arrows). the primary shoe will work as a leading secondary shoe and trailing shoe will work as trailing XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

the brakes gets bogged down ~ If not would cause the vehicle to attracted towards unity XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .SLOTS BRAKE SHOE gap is not exactly can cause: ~ If it's too large will causedelay in braking ~ If it is too small.

rotating the adjusting screw. Brake shoes so that a gap remains. XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . the adjusting lever will rotate in a clockwise direction around the pin where the brake shoes attached. By the time the price reaches the standard slit (slit drum brake shoes with + / . then pulled the left lever. At the same time. the adjusting lever move only slightly (can not hook gear adjusting screw).AUTO BRAKE SHOE GAP SETTER HOW IT WORKS When the parking brake works.0.5 mm.

DISC BRAKE COMPONENT`S XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

Cakram ( rotor disc ) 2.REM CAKRAM ( DISC BRAKE ) Rem cakram ( disc brake ) consists of : 1. Caliper Braking power is generated due to friction between the pad and disc rotor disc Advantages: •Better heat radiation • When exposed to water dry faster • Construction is simpler • Easy to care disadvantages: • Self energinzing small • Requires a large hydraulic pressure XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . Disck Pad 3.

DISC BRAKE TYPE`S FIXED TYPE / DOUBLE PISTON In this type of braking power is obtained when the pad is pressed by hydraulic pistons from both sides of the disc XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

DISC BRAKE TYPE`S FLOATING CALIPER TYPE In this type there is only one piston. At the same time pressing the hydraulic pressure pad (B) has moved to the right caliper and disc clamping and braking occurs XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . Hydraulic pressure from the master cylinder to push the piston (A) and then press the disc.

the piston seal to form elastic like the picture. the piston seal will return to originally form. XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . the piston will return a distance equal to the deformation of seal and slit slit brake has been set. when the brake is operated piston movement will go further. but the magnitude of deformation of the seal fixed. If the pedal is released. When the brake pedal is released. And pull the piston back. The amount of deformation equal to the a gap seal kit pad against the rotor Gap is too large: If we pad is worn.AUTOMATIC SETTER Normal Gap: When the brake is operated.

a mixture of metallic fiber and the iron filings. called semi-metallic disc pad. intended to demonstrate the limits allowable thickness of pad kit Anti squel shim works to prevent screaming sound when braking XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .DISC BRAKE PAD The material. Cracks on the brake disc.

ROTOR DISC Material from cast iron There are 3 kinds of rotor disc Solid disc type Ventilated disc type Perforated hole at its center that serves as a cooling in order to avoid fading Solid disc type with drum Also serves as a drum for the parking brake XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

the brakes worked through the parking brake cable. parking brake cable left and right XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . intermadiate lever. equalizer.PARKING BRAKE ( REM PARKIR ) Divided into 2 types ~ Type of rear wheel ~ Type of center (on the transmission output) How It Works By pulling the parking brake lever. pull rod.

PARKING BRAKE LEVER TYPE`S Lever type Usually used in passenger cars and commercial vehicles Stick type Usually used on commercial vehicles pedal type Usually used in passenger cars and luxury vehicles How to use a pedal release XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

PARKING BRAKE TYPE `S SHARING This type is combined with the foot brake. In this type of parking brake. the brake shoes will expand the brake lever and shoe strut XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . Relation done mechanically with the brake shoes or brake pads Vehicles with drum brakes.

PARKING BRAKE TYPE`S SHARING Incorporated parking brake mechanism in the brake caliper Levershaft rotating lever movement causes. and resulting spindle moves the piston to push the pad clamping disc XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

PARKING BRAKE TYPE`S DEVOTED Devoted type parking brake. XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . used on cars that use the rear brake disc models In this type of works the same way with the type of parking brake drum.

XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .TIPE – TIPE REM PARKIR CENTER BRAKE This type is widely used in commercial vehicles (commercial) This type is a type of drum type parking brake is paired between the transmission and propeller shaft.

BRAKE BOOSTER XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

BRAKE BOOSTER function: In order to multiply pressure power pedals. so that a greater braking power XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .BRAKE BOOSTER BRAKE BOOSTER OPERATING PRINCIPLE When the vacuum work on both sides of the piston. the piston moves to the left pressing the spring because of the difference in pressure. When atmospheric pressure into a chamber. causing the piston rod pushes the piston master cylinder. the piston will be pushed to the right by the spring.

BRAKE BOOSTER XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

BRAKE BOOSTER CARA KERJA KETIKA PEDAL BELUM DITEKAN The Air valve is attracted to the right by the air valve return spring. Vacuum valve open causing kevacuuman on constant and variable pressure chamber. met with control valve that is closed. And the outside air can not enter the variable pressure chamber. Piston pushed to the right by the spring diapragma XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

BRAKE BOOSTER CARA KERJA KETIKA PEDAL DITEKAN Valve operating rod pushes the air valve control valve. The pressure difference between the variable and constant pressure chamber causing the piston to move to the left XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . causing the valve is closed and the vacuum valve open air this causes outside air into the variable pressure chamber.

If the vehicle in front brakes akanmenyebabkan tire load increases and load the rear tires berkuarang.PROPORSIONING VALVE The vehicles engine is in the front. When you apply the same braking traction on all four wheels. the front is heavier than the rear. the rear wheels have a smaller load will tend to lock up first. causing ngepot (skid) XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

thereby preventing the occurrence of ngepot Proporsioning valve is placed on the pipe to the rear brakes XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN . it is necessary proporsioning hydraulic valve to reduce pressure to the rear wheel cylinders.PROPORSIONING VALVE The grounds burden heavier vehicle weight on the front at the time of braking.

PROPORSIONING VALVE TYPE`S PROPORTIONING AND BYPASS VALVE ( P & BV ) XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

PROPORSIONING VALVE TYPE`S LOAD SENSING PROPORTIONING VALVE AND BYPASS VALVE ( LSPV & BV ) XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

PROPORSIONING VALVE TYPE`S PROPORTIONING VALVE (P .VALVE ) XI TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN .

But the surface area of ​the piston in the "B" is greater than "A" space. causing the piston to move to the left. SMK NEGERI 1 BALIKPAPAN “ TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN “ . Pressure in the "A" and "B" is the closely together. This movement against the spring that drives the piston and piston absorbs movement when it reaches the point where the power spring balanced by hydraulic pressure.WORKING PRINCIPLES PROPORSIONING VALVE MASTER CYLINDER at LOW PRESSURE Hydraulic pressure from the master cylinder forward from the "A" to a "B" through the valve "C".

PROPORSIONING VALVE SMK NEGERI 1 BALIKPAPAN “ TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN “ .

WORKING PRINCIPLES PROPORSIONING VALVE HIGH PRESSURE MASTER CYLINDER Piston increasingly moving to the left until the valve "C" close. the piston moves to the left because of differences in cross-sectional area and close the valve "C". the piston moves to the right and open the valve "C". At the time this happened Split Point When the hydraulic pressure on the "A" is raised again. This process occurs repeatedly worked to set the pressure in the rear wheel cylinder SMK NEGERI 1 BALIKPAPAN “ TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN “ . Because the pressure in the "B" increases.

WORKING PRINCIPLES P & B VALVE MASTER SILINDER LOW PRESSURE How to work at low pressure on the master cylinder valve blend together in ways that work at low pressure on the master cylinder proportioning valve SMK NEGERI 1 BALIKPAPAN “ TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN “ .

Seal did not close the channel. In the blend proportioning valve has two split points SMK NEGERI 1 BALIKPAPAN “ TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN “ . so that the hydraulic pressure in the master cylinder equal to the wheel cylinder. where brake pressure push the piston against the spring tension.WORKING PRINCIPLES P & B VALVE MASTER CYLINDER PRESSURE MEDIUM How to work at being the master cylinder pressure valve blend equal to the the workings of the current high pressure master cylinder proportioning valve MASTER CYLINDER PRESSURE HIGH When the master cylinder pressure high. by pass valve work.

SMK NEGERI 1 BALIKPAPAN “ TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN “ .

 ABS can determine the condition of slippage by detecting changes in the speed of each wheel SMK NEGERI 1 BALIKPAPAN “ TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN “ .

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