What are some things every Indian should know about Indian history?

Balaji Viswanathan

Text content in: https://www.quora.com/India/What-aresome-things-every-Indian-should-know-aboutIndian-history

A short story of a land with a million colors

We weren’t always poor – For most of recorded history India led the world in GDP

shall be a union of states…” – starts Indian constitution • Official name in Indian languages is Bharat – after the mythological emperor of Bharatha • Vedas use the term Bharatavarsa & Aryavrata • Japanese called us Tenjiku. Chinese called us Tianzhu: both meaning heaven • The name Indu was created by Greeks who associated us with the river Sindu • Persians & Arabs called us – Hindustan – from the root Indu . that is Bharat.“India.

7000 BCE – Mehrgarh Civilization: Start of farming & herding .

3000 BC – Start of Indus Valley Civilization: World’s most planned cities and sanitation systems .

2500 BC – Massive cities & invention of toilets & bathrooms .

Atharvana Veda . Yajur Veda 4. Sama Veda 3. Rig Veda 2.1500 BCE – Start of Vedic Age – world’s oldest surviving literature 1.

800 BC-800 AD: Magadha kingdoms – Birth of Indian religions – Buddhism & Jainism .

All of their works are still used in India. Pakistan. Charaka – the master of Ayurvedic medicine and Panini master of grammar. It is near the modern city of Islamabad. including the master of strategy: Chanakya.500 BC: Takshashila (Taxila) University – Cambridge of India The world’s one of the first universities housed 100s of great scholars. .

500-300 BC: Nanda Empire – Consolidation of India begins .

Alexander considered him an equal.328 BC: The unstoppable Alexander is finally stopped in Battle of Hydaspes by a local Indian ruler . . Although he was defeated in the closely fought war.King Purushothama (Porus) who ruled Purushapura (Peshawar).

His book Arthasastra is a landmark work in business & military strategy . Kautliya leaves his professor job at Taxila to become a king maker.320 BC: Shamed by the lack of support for Porus from other Indian kings.

320 BC: Chandragupta Maurya: The first Indian emperor & a disciple of Kautilya .

269 BC: Rise of Emperor Ashoka – the greatest of Indian kings Fights a nasty war with Kalinga. The colossal destruction moves him & becomes a pacifist. Gave India its current emblem & the wheel in the flag. He spread Buddhism throughout Asia (including China and Sri Lanka). .

Ashoka’s Rule: Period of bliss and a full unification of India .

India was the only major region where Jews faced no anti-semitism.70 BC: Jews fleeing persecution were welcomed. Later Zorastrians fled Persia in 10th century AD. In modern days. First civilization to accept in all cases. . 52 AD: Early Christians were provided asylum. Dalai Lama & Tibetan Buddhists escaped China in 1959.

Aryabhata (left) – Used decimal system. built trignometry 2. Varamihira – a great astronomer who built important works in trignometry .320-550 AD: Gupta Age: Golden Age of India India produced some of the greatest thinkers in this period: 1. Vatsayana – wrote Kamasutra 4. Kalidasa – master of drama & theater 3. approximated pi.

6th-13th Century AD: Nalanda University (modern Bihar) A great center of learning for the ancients that attracted students from Greece. . Persia and China.

3rd century BC – 13th century AD: Chola dynasty of South. Built stunning temples. Most temples survive intact for1000+ years .

Rajendra Chola (1014 AD): Ruled South east Asia from South India. Indian culture spread. Trade & art flourished. .

Nation begins its long decline .12th-15th Century AD: Sultanates: Dark ages in Indian history.

. They are famous for the ruins in Hampi. Rebuilt South India after foreign invasions that destroyed most native temples South languages – especially Telugu and Kannada flourished during their period and Hinduism had its renaissance.1336-1646 AD: Vijayanagara Empire.

Period of great Islamic architecture .Mughal empire: 1526-1757 AD.

. By 1707. most of India came under their rule.Extent of Mughal Empire.

1616 AD: East India Company is allowed to operate in India. Began as traders. . First megacorporation of the world.

. India was ripe to be conquered now.1680 AD: Death of the last great Indian king – Shivaji.

1757: Turning point in battle of Plassey due to betrayal by local general. East India company now rules India .

First war of Independence .1857: Indians start fighting back. Triggered by a suspicious coating of gun cartridges.

.Between 1850-1900: 24 major famines attack India. Massive neglect kill millions. Indians get dirt poor and hungry.

. First little step towards peaceful freedom struggle.1885: Indian national congress formed.

. Turning point in Indian freedom struggle.1919: Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.

1930: Gandhi begins the landmark Dandi March and used simple salt to shake British Empire. . India now sees hope. People come in droves.

1947: India gets its freedom. Pakistan (1947). and Bangladesh (1971) . The nation is broken into India (1947).

Summary: A short history of Indian dynasties .

.We don’t need to be poor. We just need to discover our glorious past.

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