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AN HIDDEN EPISODE FROM THE HISTORY OF WORLD WAR II

OPERATION REINHARD
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Code name for nazi’s plan to execute polish jews  Around 2 million Jewish people were executed th 1941, construction  Started on october 13 of 1st camp started  Continued till early november 1943

EXTERMINATION CAMPS
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Used to kill jews by gassing and extreme work 3 types of camps  Aktion reinhardt extermination camps  Concentration extermination camps  Minor extermination camps Sobibor was of the 1st type

SOBIBOR
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Second Major death camp after Belzec About 250 people were killed in the experimental gassing One of the 2 camps were revolts started against Germans, including Treblinka Only camp which had survivors after the revolt

SOBIBOR
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THE REVOLT
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Planned to start on october 13th 1943 But delayed due to the unexpected arrival of troops The revolt started at 1600hrs with the execution of the deputy commander of the camp at the tailor’s shop The telephone lines were cut out Most of the commanding officials were

THE REVOLT
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The plan was to kill all the guards and walk out through the main gate  Once the killings were discovered, an open fire was ordered on the crowd  Panic and confusions started in the camp  Out of the 600 inmates, about 400 escaped into the forest areas

THE REVOLT
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The 1st group triggered all the mines in the jungle Out of the prisoners who escaped, most were killed in mine fields or were shot by the German soldiers The news of the revolt reached the head quarters very late The search started only by dawn

THE AFTERMATH
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Germans decided to liquidate all remaining jews in the camp immediately due to the revolt The extermination area was destroyed immediately The camp was shut down in 2 days All necessary cover up activities were done to hide the war-crime

THE MEMORIAL
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A memorial museum rests on the camp’s site with few artifacts from olden days

REFERENCES
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Reinhard http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extermination_camp http://www.deathcamps.org/sobibor/sobibor.html http://history1900s.about.com/od/holocaust/a/sobiboruprising _5.htm http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ar/sobibor.html http://www.studentpulse.com/articles/285/the-sobibor-revoltdeath-to-the-fascists https://owlspaceccm.rice.edu/access/content/user/cjf1/Website/Sobibor.html

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