Engineering Aspects In Green Revolution

Bharat Gupta CSE(III Year)

.Green Revolution The green revolution is the significant increase in agricultural productivity resulting from the introduction of high . use of pesticides .yield varieties of grains . and improved management techniques.

How Engineering plays a significant role in Green Revolution? • Agriculture Engineering • Genetic Engineering • Agriculture Biotechnology .

Agriculture Engineering The branch of engineering that deals with • • • • • • • the design of farm machinery farm drainage rural electrification water supply and irrigation the location and planning of farm structures soil management and erosion control and the processing of farm products .

which is then inserted into the genetic material of a cell or virus. such as a protein or hormone. Genetic engineering mainly involves the creation of recombinant DNA. .Genetic Engineering • The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance.

Agricultural Biotechnology .

scientists have developed solutions to increase agricultural productivity . animals and microorganisms.What is Agricultural Biotechnology ? • Agricultural biotechnology is a collection of scientific techniques used to improve plants. • Based on an understanding of DNA.

the process allows the transfer of useful characteristics (such as resistance to a disease) into a plant.How is Agricultural Biotechnology used? • Genetic engineering : • Scientists have learned how to move genes from one organism to another. This has been called genetic modification (GM). • Regardless of the name. genetic engineering (GE) or genetic improvement (GI). animal or microorganism by inserting genes (DNA) from another organism .

breeding is more precise and efficient. scientists can use molecular markers to select plants or animals that possess a desirable gene. Thus. . even in the absence of a visible trait.How is Agricultural Biotechnology used? • Molecular markers: • Traditional breeding involves selection of individual plants or animals based on visible or measurable traits. • By examining the DNA of an organism.

.How is Agricultural Biotechnology used? • Molecular diagnostics: • Molecular diagnostics are methods to detect genes or gene products that are very precise and specific. • Molecular diagnostics are used in agriculture to more accurately diagnose crop/livestock diseases.

• They are also stable at room temperature. this is an important advantage for smallholders in tropical countries . better and/or safer than traditional vaccines. They may be cheaper. and do not need refrigerated storage.How is Agricultural Biotechnology used? • Vaccines: • Biotechnology-derived vaccines are used in livestock and humans.

bananas.How is Agricultural Biotechnology used? • Tissue culture: • Tissue culture is the regeneration of plants in the laboratory from disease-free plant parts. coffee and papaya. pineapples. . mangoes. • Examples of crops produced using tissue culture include citrus. avocados. • This technique allows for the reproduction of diseasefree planting material for crops.

• an enzyme used in cheese production and a yeast used for baking .HOW LONG HAS BIOTECHNOLOGY BEEN USED IN AGRICULTURE AND FOOD PRODUCTION? • The first food product of biotechnology appeared on the market in 1990.

with benefits such as the reduction of pesticide use.WILL AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY HAVE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL IMPACTS? • Due to the Agriculture biotechnology. . crops improved and used safely. • Agricultural biotechnology is only one factor among many influencing the health and welfare of farmers and other citizens in the developing world.

Brazil. Canada.7 mha in 2003. . six principal countries (USA.7 million hectares (mha) in 1996 to 67. China. These were grown by 7 million farmers in 18 countries. India and the Philippines. and South Africa) grew 99% of the global transgenic crop area. joined the global group of countries that are growing genetically engineered crops. • In 2003. two new countries. the global area of transgenic crops has increased 40-fold. Argentina. • Recently.Genetically Engineered (GE) Crops: A Rapidly Expanding Market • From 1996 to 2003. from 1.

Growth of crops in industrial and developing countries .

Insect-resistant maize. Bt cotton .IMPORTANT GE CROPS • • • • Herbicide-tolerant soybean . Herbicide-tolerant canola.



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