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N. Harin Jeba Lydia I MBA A 12mb221

Time study is a work measurement technique for recording the times and rates of working for the elements of a specified job carried out under specified conditions and for analyzing the data so as to obtain the time necessary for carrying out the job at a defined level of performance.

Objectives of time study


determine the quantity of human work

To set labour standard To compare alternative methods To determine standard cost Equipments and labour requirements Basic times / normal times Number of machines an operator can handle

Cycle time for completion of a job

Time study by Stop watch

1. Select the job to be studied
New job Change in manufacturing method Design change When labour cost is high When new tools are used

2. Select the worker to be studied This process is carried out to identify the qualified worker in the organization

3. Conducting stop watch time study

i) Collect and record job information ii) Record the method of doing the job and break down into elements. ELEMENTS: it is the distinct part of a specified job selected for convenience of observation and analysis.

Types of elements
Repetitive element Occasional element Constant element Variable element Machine element Governing element Foreign element

iii) Examine the elements iv) Measure the actual time taken by using stop watch


Non-fly back

Fly back

Split hand

Non fly back:

It is preferred for recording continuous timing.

Fly back:
The watch is started and stopped with the help of slide.

Split hand: It gives higher accuracy in reading when two elements are to be timed successively.