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Fuji Electric Ultrasonic Flowmeters

Fuji Electric Instruments Co., Ltd. International Sales Department

Contents
)Why use the USF? )Who needs USF? )Whats unique in Fuji Electric USF?

Why use the USF?


1) Benefits of a NONINTRUSIVE sensor (CLAMP-ON MOUNTING)
Cost saving Easy Maintenance (No Moving Parts) No Pressure Loss No Plugging / Clogging No Corrosion No Leakage

IDEAL SOLUTION TO PROBLEMS OF ORDINARY INTRUSIVE/SPOOL PIECE TYPE OF FLOWMETERS. Differential Pressure, Magnetic Flow, Turbine, Coriolis & etc.

Why use the USF?


2) Wide Operating Conditions (More than your expectations)
Temperature Pipe Diameter Flow Velocity Measured Fluid : -40 +200 : 13mm 6000mm : 0.3 32m/s (High Turndown Ratio) : Any sound conductive fluids even with bubbles. : 0.5 to 1% : 0.5sec.

Accuracy Response Speed

Why use the USF?


3) Check if your flowmeter currently on line was really the right choice! - COMPARISON VS RIVALS Superior points of USF 1 Wide Temperature: -40 +200 2 High Turndown Ratio: 100:1 3 Max. Velocity: 32m/s 4 No Pressure Loss, No Clogging, No Plugging. Easy maintenance, No corrosion, (No moving parts) 5 Stable Ownership cost No piping, 6 Pure Water: No problem Type of Flowmeter Magnetic Flow: -10 +120 DP: 40:1, Turbine: 25:1, Par shall Flume: 20:1 Magnetic Flow: Maximum 10m/s DP, Coriolis, Vortex, Turbine

7 Total Accuracy: 0.5 to 1%

Magnetic Flow, DP, Sharp rise in cost over250mm Magnetic Flow Fluid Without Conductivity No chance DP: 3%

Why use the USF?


-3) 5 Cost Comparison
50,000 40,000

MAGFLOW UFM

(US$)

30,000 20,000 10,000 0

25

mm

50

mm

80

mm

5 12

mm

0 20

mm

0 30

mm

0 40

mm

0 50

mm

0 70

mm

0 90

mm 1

0 20

mm

Who needs USF?


1) Expanding Demands by 11% /year through 2001 (Forecasted by ARC, USA)

Government Regulation requires Reporting the amount of Discharged fluid from Plants. (Especially sharp rise in Chemical + Refining+ Waste water) Improving Efficiency of Plant Operation needs Measuring Flow rate of the Process which is not measured currently.

Who needs USF?


-1) Ultrasonic Flowmeter Worldwide Outlook 1996: US$164.2 Million
R est of W orl d 7%

A si a 14%

N orth A m eri ca 34%

Japan 14% E urope 31%

(Annual Growth Rate to 2001: 11% )

Who needs USF?


2) Applications
Water /Waste Water INDUSTRY Water purifying plant, Pumping Stations, Manufacturing Process Monitoring Food, Chemical, Semiconductor, Pulp + Paper Cement, Glass, Ceramic etc. Dam, Swimming Pool Building maintenance

Who needs USF?


-2) Shipments Worldwide by Application 1996: Total 36,900 units
P rocess M oni tori ng P rocess C ontrol N onconducti ve Li qui ds Leak D etecti on U ti l i ti es C ustody Transfer S tack M oni tori ng C EM C heck M eteri ng I nfl uent & Effl uent S ewer M oni tori ng O ther 0 5 3. 7 3. 9 10 15 20 25 (%) 1. 3 4. 2 25 3 7. 5 1. 4 9. 5 10. 4 11. 1 19. 1

Who needs USF?


-2) Shipments Worldwide by Industry 1996: US$164.2 Million
Oi l& G as R ef i ni ng C hem i cal Food & B everage P harm aceuti cal P ul p & P aper M etal s& Mi ni ng P ow er W ater & W astew ater Di stri ct H eati ng O ther 0 5 3. 8 6. 2 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 (%) 1. 1 7 36. 8 2. 6 5. 7 5. 8 7. 5 10. 2 13. 3

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


1) Full range line-up covering;
Fixed Type for monitoring & control Fixed Multi-channel Portable type for checking Open Channel (Model: FLV/W-2) (Model: FLH-3) (Model: FLC/D) (Model: FLH/X)

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


-1) Fujis USF Family
Time Delta (FLV/W)

Portaflow-X (FLC/D)

Multi Channel (FLH-3)

Open Channel (FLH/X)

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


2) Superior Measurement Performance by High Speed Digital Signal Processing (MPU: DSP-Digital Signal Processor- Texas Instruments 32bit) Basic Principle = Transit Time High Accuracy and Quick Response (0.5%, 0.5sec) Broad Measuring Range (0.332m/s) Real time Auto Temp./Press Compensation Auto Calculation for unknown sonic velocity Advanced Anti Bubble Measurement (Up to 12% vol.)

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


-2) Basic Principle = Transit Time Type
Clamp-on sensors Transit time difference system Principle expression:
Cross-sectional area Average velocity on cross section
Upstream Sensor Oscillator Wedge Pipe

D T Q = D2 sin2f (T0-)2 Average velocity on propagation path Q : Flowrate T1, T2 : Transit time D : Inner pipe diameter T0 : Transit time between sensors K : Conversion factor when flow is at rest of average velocity ((T1+ T2 )/2) f: Incident angle into liquid : Transit time in pipe walls and sensors

/2 T1 T2

/2

Downstream Sensor

T=T2T1 (Note) Ultrasonic waves are carried with the motion of fluid.

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


Flow Profile Compensation Reynolds number : Non-dimensional figure to determine flow profile
V D Re = V : Average velocity D : Inner diameter : Kinematic viscosity
K 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1 Turbulent flow Re Laminar flow Transition region Flow profile : Turbulent flow (trapezoidal)

Conversion factor of average velocity : Turbulent flow (Re5000)


2n+1 K = 2n n = 2.1 log Re-1.9 ,

Laminar flow (parabolic)

Laminar flow (Re2300)


K=
(Note) Enough straight pipe length should be taken so that the turbulent flow can be well developed

102

103

104

105

106

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


-2) High Accuracy and Quick Response (0.5%, 0.5sec)
Comparison Test Data in Actual Flow
Flow(%) Standard FMQ 0 0.06 5 5.18 10 10.17 25 24.60 50 50.41 100 95.91 Output(%) FLC Product C -0.01 0.06 5.17 5.82 10.13 10.84 24.62 24.46 50.42 51.04 95.93 98.74 Accuracy (% of rate) FLC Product C -0.01 0.06 -0.19 12.36 -0.39 6.59 0.08 -0.57 0.02 1.25 0.02 2.95

Pipe :80 Pipe material :SGP Range :0-2m/s

Accuracy(% of rate)

15 10 5 0 -5 0 5 10 25 50

FLC Product C

100

Flow (%)

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


-2) Real time Auto Temp./Press Compensation
Principle expression:
D2 1 D T Q = 4 sin2f (T0-)2 D2 1
Upstream Sensor Pipe Effect of temp./ pressure change D f Q Cf

4 2 sinf T0- (Cf: Sound velocity in measured liquid) Compensation for liquid temp./pressure change Physical phenomena:
Fluid temperature pressure change Change of Cf Change of f &

Cf

/2 T1 T2

/2

Downstream Sensor

Output change

Real time compensation (applied for patent) Measured values T1 & T2


Succesive calculation of Cf , f &

Compensated output

Calculation of propagation path and fluid sound velocity every output cycle

Sound Velocity of Water

(Note) In general, the dependence of sound velocity to fluid temp. and/or pressure is not well known except for a few liquids, such as water and sea water.

Sound velocity vs. Water temperature


( extracted from Steam Tables )

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


-2) Real time Auto Temp./Press Compensation
Comparison Test Data for Temperature Effect
8 7 40 35 30
FLC Product C TEMP.

Error (% of Rate)

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 0 50 100 150 200

20 15 10 5 0

Time(min)

) Temp.(

25

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


-2) Advanced Anti Bubble Measurement (Upto 12% vol.)
Digital sampling of received signals : Ultrasonic oscillator 2MHz for small sensor 1MHz for large sensor Sampling rate 16MHz Synchronized summation of received signals : Normal propagation
v flow bubble Received signal : t
Summed 128 or 256 times for one output

Digital data of received signals :

Interrupted propagation
v flow bubble Nothing! Received signal : t

t
Enough level can be achieved for signal processing.

In case of analog system measurement failure will occur

Whats Unique in Fujis USF


-2) Advanced Anti Bubble Measurement (Up to 12% Volume)
RESULTS OF BUBBLE IMMERSION TEST (New Time Delta UFM)
Permissible Air Volume-rate (vol%)

12 10 8

12.0

Traditional type New type


7.0

6 4 2 0 1.2 4.0 1.5 0.4 0.03 0.02 1.0 0.02

1.0

2.0

3.0
Flow Velocity (m/s)

4.0

5.0

New Ultrasonic Flowmeter -ComparisonPORTABLE TYPE


MANUFACTURER ITEM Pipe diameter(mm) Fluid Standard sensor temperature High temperature sensor A ccuracy Fl ow vel oci ty range Analog output Analog input R esponse ti me P ri nter Communication Indi cator Data memory Enclosure Power supply FUJI ELECTRIC FLC/FLD 13 to 6,000 -40 to 100 -40 to 200 0. 5 to 1% of rate 0 to 32 m /sec 4 to 20 mADC 4 to 20 mADC 1 sec T herm al dot pri nter(opti on) RS-232C G raphi c LC D wi th back l i ght 20 locations 40,000 data Indoor application Battery ( 5 Hr ) 90 to 264 VAC 10 to 30 VDC 240*127*70 1.5 kg PANAMETRICS Model PT808 25 to 5,000 -40 to 100 -200 to 260 2% of rate 0.03 to 12 m/sec 4 to 20 mADC 4 to 20 mADC 2 5 sec RS-232C Graphic LCD 20 locations 40,000 data Indoor application Battery ( 8 Hr )
100/120/200/260V A C

CONTROLOTRON System 1010WP 50 to 9,000 -40 to 120 -60 to 230 1% to 2% of rate 0.03 to 12 m/sec 4 to 20 mADC2 4 to 20 mADC 2 RS-232C Gaphic LCD

Dimension in mm Weight Others

10 to 28 VDC 230*125*60 1. kg Thickness gauge(option)

100,000 data Outdoor application Battery ( 8 Hr ) 90 to 130/230 VAC 11 to 30 VDC 216*271*177 3.6 kg

New Ultrasonic Flowmeter -ComparisonFIXED INSTALLATION TYPE


M A N U FA C TU R ER I TEM Pi pe di am eter(m m ) Fl ui d tem perature A ccuracy V elocity range A nal og output Di gtal output R esponse ti me C om m uni cati on I ndi cator Standard sensor Hi gh tem perature sensor FU JI ELEC TR I C N EW TYPE(FLV 2) 50 to 6, 000 -40 to 80 -40 to 200 0. 5 to 1. 0% of rate 0 to 32 m /sec 4 to 20 m A D C 1 2 poi nts(O pen col l ector) 0. 5 sec R S-232C (O PTI ON) LC D ,16 l etters 2 l i nes wi th backl i ght Encl osure Pow er suppl y I P67(N EM A 4X) 90 to 264 V A C 20 to 30 V D C D im ension in m m W eight 277*244*95 4. 5 kg R S-232C G aphi c LC D wi th back l i ght N EM A 100/120/200/260V A C 10 to 28 V D C 362*290*130 5. 0 kg N EM A 100/120/200/260V A C 9 to 36 V D C 267*229*330 5. 8 kg R S-232C G aphi c LC D PA N A M ETR I CS D F868 25 to 5, 000 -40100 -190260 2% of rate 0. 03 to 12 m /sec 4 to 20 m A D C C O N TR O LO TR O N System 990N 6 to 9, 000 -40120 -60230 1% to 2% of rate 0. 03 to 12 m /sec 4 to 20 m A D C

COMMON FEATURES FUJI USF SERIES

High accuracy and quick response


Compact and Light-weight

Excellent air bubble resistance (Advanced ABM system)


Excellent temperature characteristics (New sound velocity measurement)
OFFERED BY 32BIT DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSOR

Wet Calibration
1. Weighing Method

2. Volumetric Method
3. Comparative Method

Wet Calibration
Weighing Method
Upper Tank

Water

Stop Valve

Measure the Mass of Water Flowed into Primary Weighing Tank for certain period. Compare the Indication of USF and Mass of Water.

USF to be calibrated

Thermometer

Primary Volumetric Tank

Wet Calibration
Volumetric Method
Upper Tank

Water

Stop Valve

Measure the Level of Water Flowed into Primary Volumetric Tank for certain period. Compare the Indication of USF and Volume of Water.

USF to be calibrated

Thermometer

Level Meter

Primary Volumetric Tank

Wet Calibration
Stop Valve

Comparative Method Measure the Flow Rate by Primary Flowmeter for reference. Compare the Indication of USF and the Primary Flowmeter

Primary Flowmeter

USF to be calibrated

Wet Calibration
Fujis USF Calibrated (upon request) by Volumetric Method
with 2.5 to 300mm pipes (1 to 12 inch ) with Primary Tank inspected by Japanese Authority of Measurement.

Comparative Method
with Electromagnetic Flowmeter calibrated within 0.2% FS.

For Larger bore pipes than 300mm


Dry Calibration based on the Wet Calibration for 300mm pipe according to Japanese Standard JEMIS032.

The End