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OVERVIEW OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN INDIA

STRUCTURE OF PRESENTATION
TERMINOLOGIES RELATED TO DISASTER MANAGEMENT TYPES OF NATURAL DISASTERS CONSEQUENCES OF NATURAL DISASTERS HAZARD/DISASTER PROFILE OF INDIA DIVISION OF INDIA AS PER VULNERABILITY DAMAGE DUE TO NATURAL DISASTERS IN INDIA NATIONAL OBJECTIVES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT NEED FOR NATIONAL POLICY ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT DISASTER MANAGEMENT

or the probability of occurrence of a potentially damaging phenomenon within a given time period and area is called a Hazard. DISASTER: A serious disruption of the functioning of a society. which exceed the ability of. Hazard * Vulnerability = Disaster (Source:isdr.(total damage) is called Vulnerability.TERMINOLOGIES HAZARD: A threatening event. affected society to cope using only its own resources is called a Disaster. VULNERABILITY :The degree of loss to a given element at risk or set of elements resulting from the occurrence of a natural phenomenon of a given magnitude and expressed on a scale from 0-(no damage) to 1. causing wide spread human. material or environmental losses.net) .

extreme temperature. volcanic eruptions. road and water borne accidents. fire. forest/scrub fires. • Miscellaneous: Collapse of domestic structures. . rail. explosion.TYPES OF DISASTERS Natural Disaster : • Hydro-meteorological: Avalanches/landslides. fire • Transport: Air. and other (insect infestation and wave/surges) • Geophysical : Earthquakes. Non-natural Disaster : • Industrial: Chemical spill. collapse of industrial structures. explosion. Drought/famines. floods. wind storms.

5.Direct Consequences X # X X X X X X X X X X X X # # # # . 1.SOCIAL. 10. ECONOMIC & HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF NATURAL CALAMITIES Source: Natural Disaster Management. 12. 6. 8. 3. 13. Injury Epidemiological threat Loss of crops Loss of housing Damage to infrastructure Disruption of communications Disruption of transport Panic Looting Breakdown of social order Short-term migrations Permanent migration Loss of Industrial production Loss of Business Distruption of marketing systems X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X LEGEND : X . 14. 9. Org. 11. NATURAL CALAMITIES Consequences Loss of life EarthQuake X Cyclone X Flood X Fir e X Drought/ Famine X 2. 16 . No. 4.in S.Secondary Consequences 15. 7.

DISASTER PROFILE OF INDIA ASIA PACIFIC.79 million affected every year 34. increasing in frequency.infochangeindia. disease and death. ALARMING STATISTICS 28% of country’s total cultivable area in drought prone 76 Lakh hac.11 million people affected Thousands homeless . Source: www. economic and social burden of an already impoverished nation. disability. spiraling out of control. 57% of India is earth quake prone. causing more and more injury. adding to the health. 19881997 1998 1999 2001 5116 lives 9846 10000 16000 24.org . Of land are flooded every year.60% of worlds natural disasters.

DIVISION OF INDIA AS PER NATURAL DISASTERS SEISMIC ZONES OF INDIA WIND AND CYCLONE ZONES OF INDIA FLOOD ZONES OF INDIA DROUGHT PRONE AREAS OF INDIA .

gov.SEISMIC ZONES ZONE-1 VERY LOW DAMAGED RISK ZONE LOW DAMAGED RISK ZONE ZONE-2 ZONE-3 MODERATE DAMAGE RISK ZONE HIGH DAMAGE RISK ZONE ZONE-4 ZONE-5 VERY HIGH DAMAGE RISK ZONE Source : gujrat-earthquake.in .

NEW IDENTIFIED SEISMIC ZONES OLD SEISMIC ZONES source: vulnearability maps of india.htm .com Source:Seismic map of india.

24 34.2 69 631. Landslide and Floods S year n o .15 8 328. 121 21.Annual Damage due to Heavy Rains.736. In crores) 1 1999 20 2 33.87 8 3.82 3 1.3 676.7 834 631.3 389.8 2.1 8.72 - 2 2000 20 0 3 2001 12 2 29.96 4 32.36 3 416.048 102. Natural Disaster Management Division.86 1 .71 18.0 YEAR 2000 SHOWS THE HEAVY LOSSES IN EACH TERM OTHER THAN LOSS IN PUBLIC PROPERTY Source : Annual Reports.375 3. Dist ricts affe cted Villag es affect ed (no) Populati on affected (lakh) Crop area affect ed (lakh hac.3 55 346.) Houses damage d (no) Huma n life loss (no) Cattl e loss (no) Estimaval ue of loss of houses (in crores) Estimalo ss of public properti es (rs.45 884. Ministry of Agriculture .7 210.

000 1. Landslide and Floods POPULATION AFFECTED (LAKH) 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 416.000 2.000 29.000 500.158 32.000 2.3 E4STIMATED VALUE OF PUBLIC PROPERTY (IN CRORES) 40 800 600 389.500.000.000 1999 2000 2001 1999 2000 2001 33.) 34.736.24 328.000.Annual Damage due to Heavy Rains.000 29. Natural Disaster Management Division.500.71 34.72 631.000 32.45 18.7 Source : Annual Reports.355 ESTIMATED VALUE LOSS OF HOUSES ( IN CRORES) 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1999 2000 2001 0.000.000 31.000 1.964 30.3 631. Ministry of Agriculture .363 VILLAGES AFFECTED HOUSES DAMAGED 3.000 0 1999 2000 2001 884.823 346.8 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1999 2000 2001 8.7 400 200 0 2000 YEAR 2001 676 CROP AREA AFFECTED(LAKH HAC.000 28.000 33.878 2.1 210.

com .MAP SHOWING FLOOD ZONES OF INDIA source: vulnerability maps of india.

000 5.000 8.000.000. Belgium 19 83 Y ea r 19 83 Y ea r .000 100 0 No.00027.DAMAGE DUE TO WIND AND CYCLONE IN INDIA Affected due to wind storms 16.000.000. 20 01 19 99 19 97 19 95 19 93 19 91 19 89 19 87 19 85 years Killed due to w ind 15000 10000 5000 0 99 3.500 80.000 105.000.000 7.393 6.000.700 30.493 4.000 131.205 20 01 19 99 19 97 19 95 19 93 19 91 19 89 19 87 19 85 Source: EM-DAT.000.000 10.870.900. Universite Catholique de Louvain.000 1.100 4.000 428.335.556.700.000 3.000 13.800 1.008 14.000.600 2.000 1.661.000.000 12.843 709524 782744805 219186 25 125 153 25 806128 93 74 166390 10.000 72.000 3.300.471 1.000 8.300.335.

com .source: vulnerability maps of india.

31 541.44 568.138 378.88 134.14 88.28 921.22 6.60 2 3 2000 2001 Total 110 103 338 54. Ministry of Agriculture .) Estimated value of damage crop Cattle populatio n affected in lakh 1 1999 125 - 369.21 367.67 34. year Distri Villages cts affected affect (no) ed Populatio n affected (lakh) Crop area affected (lakh hac.55 Source: Annual Reports.255 77.19 836.44 345.66 371.87 NA 378. Natural Disaster Management Division.883 22.Losses due to drought S n o .00 67.

883 22.000 20.88 378.14 88.LOSSES DUE TO DROUGHT DISTRICTS AFFECTED 400 300 200 100 0 1999 2000 2001 Total 125 110 103 338 100.19 1999 2000 2001 Total CATTLE POPULATION AFFECTED IN LAKH 600 400 200 0 541.000 40. Natural Disaster Management Division. Ministry of Agriculture00 .000 60. CROP AREA AFFECTED(LAKH HAC.87 378.31 600 400 NO.28 1999 2000 YEAR 2001 ESTIMATED VALUE OF DAMAGE CROP 400 300 200 100 0 1999 2000 2001 Total 200 6.22 67.138 54.000 0 VILLAGES AFFECTED 77.67 345.44 0 371.6 34.66 367 134.44 2000 2001 Total 1999 Source: Annual Reports.21 369.255 2000 2001 Total POPULATION AFFECTED 1000 800 600 400 200 0 836.000 80.) 568.

DROUGHT PRONE AREAS source: vulnerability maps of india.com .INDIA.

500. Universite Catholique de Louvain.CUMMULATIVE DISASTER HAZARDS DISASTERS DUE TO LANDSLIDES Events 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 5 3 3 2 1 1 3 2 1 2 2 2 1 Nos r 01 99 97 95 93 91 89 87 85 19 Ye a 20 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 Affected 3000000 2.156 100 2. Belgium ea r 20 01 19 99 19 97 19 95 19 93 19 91 19 89 19 87 19 85 19 83 19 81 Y year 19 83 .119.535 200.030 25 5.112 Nos 2000000 1000000 0 Source: EM-DAT.200 1.

4 235.736.533 782.7 501.80 10.449.72 1020.83 40.7 190.9 443.57 40.5 549.7 594.3 543.049.019.355 2.190. 0.103.43 n.969 1.74 20.41 10.380 242. partially or Totally damaged 2.405 3.73 50.4 101.693 1.a.277 2. NDM Division.051.63 20.930 1.109 570.97 800 12000 Source : Annual Reports.919.104.34 788.71 10.088.19 .90 20.916 1.1 31.878 Amount of property damage/ loss in crores 40.05 50.376.340 1.064 2.549 1.06 30.355 846.2 262.529.878 2.Damage due to Natural Disasters in India Year People affected (LAKH) Houses & buildings.563.223 2.8 521. Ministry of Agriculture 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 595.7 342.6 550 483.5 30.

000 2.000.190. 4 1 90.000. 7 262.449. 3 595. 2 235.969 242.104.916 1.549 846. 7 594. Ministry of Agriculture PEOPLE AFFECTED(LAKH) NO.000 Houses & buildings.693 2. 5 549.563.277 2. 1 2 YEAR 1985 1986 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 1 01 . 1 31 . 5 30. 9 443.736.533 1. partially or Totally damaged 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2. 4 543. NDM Division.223 782.380 2. 7 342.355 1. 6 550 483.340 570.355 3.103.000 1. 4.930 1. 34 788.919.376.405 1.000 0 2.000.878 3.878 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 YEA R S .529.019.051.109 1.000.064 2.049.088. 7 501 . 1 9 3 4 5 1987 1988 1989 1 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 YEAR 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1990 1991 1992 NO. 8 521 .Damage due to Natural Disasters in India Source : Annual Reports.

2 3.52 0 222.ARUNCHAL PRADESH 3.810 0 27.CUMMULATIVE DISASTER HAZARDS ESTIMATED VALUE OF CROPS (RS IN CRORES) 6000 VALUE 4210.72 389.ASSAM 4.24 0.79 VALUE 1000 776 500 0 792.76 3866 4000 2000 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 STATES DAMAGE CROP AREA IN Ha ESTIMATED VALUE OF PUBLIC PROPERTIES(CRORES) NO OF LIVES LIVES LOST STATES 1. WEST BENGAL 15.04 0 1 2 3 4 34. UP 14.35 13 14 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 STATES HUMAN LIVES LOST STATES CATTLE LIVES LOST 4000 3048 3000 1474 2000 462 1000 257 26 32 0 274116149152 75 13 7 11 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 STATES 150000 100000 50000 0 9131 0 5368 102121 83630 1861 406 0 690 0 147 0 0 888 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 STATES DAMAGE DUE TO HEAVY RAINS. LANDSLIDES AND FLOOD DURING SOUTHWEST MONSOON-2000 . TOTAL 94.BIHAR 5.ANDHRA PRADESH 2.GUJRAT 6.25 0 10 11 12 4. SIKKIM 13.43 0 AREA DAMAGED 40 30 20 10 4.92 5 0 6 0 0.KARNATKA 9.KERALA 10 MADHYA PRADESH 11 PUNJAB 12.57 0 7 8 9 0 0.HIMANCHAL PRADESH 7.1 389.22 2.72 19.

EQ-very high risk zone-NFZ source: vulnerability maps of india.Wind & cyclone-B.com .EQ-very high risk zone-FZ Wind & cyclone.

Communities and Civil Society to mitigate disasters in multi-hazard zones To facilitate HRD on Disaster Management (Capacity Building and Training activities) To sensitize People’s Representatives on the need for Disaster Management Knowledge networking on Disaster Management.September 2003 .NATIONAL OBJECTIVES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT To make Disaster Management an integral part of National Development Agenda To create an Institutional Framework for risk Reduction To enhance capacities in Government. (National Disaster Management Division) Government of India Edition 1 . Source: Monthly Newsletter of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

THERE IS "NEED FOR A NATIONAL POLICY ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT" THAT WILL INTEGRATE EFFORTS Source: Working Group on Disasters set up by CAPART. vulnerability Atlas of India is heavily priced . with minor modifications in provisions by executive orders. Despite the stated desires. the NGOs (voluntary sector) has neither been involved nor its initiatives or contributions recognised as a matter of policy FOR THESE REASONS . of India ministries get involved in the aftermath of disasters The government response are handled by different departments which are under different ministries. 1995 . and like the contingency plans are marked ‘Secret’. No initiatives by the states to have a disaster management plan before a disaster.NEED OF NATIONAL POLICY FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT A large number of Govt. Assessment of the damages is not an organized affair Our relief manuals (if at all they are available) are in many cases a century old. and hardly available to people The "Right to Information" for people is not available in matters that affect their lives even in emergencies.

DISASTER MANAGEMENT CYCLE PREVENTION RECOVERY MITIGATION RESPONSE PREPAREDNESS DISASTER .