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Amanda Medlin

Born in French Algeria in 1913 to a Pied-Noir family (French citizens living in Algeria before they gained their independence) Studied at the University of Algiers where he obtained a BA in Philosophy Camus was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957, "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times"

Was the editor for the underground newspaper Combat for the French Resistance during WWll Published The Rebel in 1951 to analyze rebellion and revolution, and was directly opposed to Communist doctrine. Began to identify with left winged politics, which promote social equality and justice. Became a strong proponent of human rights and published The Reflections on the Guillotine to speak out against capital punishment.

Helped develop the philosophy of absurdism, which is sometimes referred to as Paradox of the Absurd, or Camuss Absurd. Camuss Absurdism examines duality in depth (happiness and sadness, dark and light, good and bad) and calls to question how we are able to live with dualism (I can accept suffering because I know I will soon have happiness) but not with the paradox (my life is very important, but it is also meaningless.) Develops the Creation of Meaning in his work Le Mythe, which suggests a logical philosophical leap in each person to understand death and absurdity but never agree to them, which helps to find psychological comfort.

Strongly opposed nihilism which says that life lacks objective meaning, purpose, value, and that reality does not actually exist. Was called an existentialist, who believe that philosophical thinking begins with the human acting, feeling, and living and that each individual is responsible for giving meaning to life. However, he denounced the title in his works Enigma, The Stranger, and The Rebel, showing his world understanding and vision for its progress set him apart. Strongly supported pacifism (opposition to war and punishment) and resisted totalitarianism which gives complete control of public and private life to the state political system.

Camus contributed significant works during his time, including numerous novels, short stories, non-fiction books, plays, essays, and collected essays of his other works. Died at age 46, in 1960, in a car accident on his way to visit his family along with Michel Gallimard, who was his publisher. Some rumor that they were the victims of a Soviet plot, while others consider this not credible. Became the second-youngest recipient ever of the Nobel Prize in Literature, and continues to be the shortest lived of any recipient to date. He is survived by his numerous works and contributions, his wife, and two children.

Albert Camus: A Biography (1979), by Herbert R. Lottman. University of Michigan "Albert Camus". FamousAuthors.org. Retrieved 11 Mar 2013. Kim Willsher "http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/aug/07/albertcamus-killed-by-kgb", The Observer, 11 Mar 2013 Todd, O Albert Camus: A Life, pp. 37, 250, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998; Carroll & Graf, 2000