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SUBMITTED BYDEEPIKA SRIVASTAVA BTM-005 RAHUL CHAUHAN BTM-O11

PHYTOCHEMISTRY
It is the study of phytochemicals.
Phytochemicals are chemicals obtained from plants. Also called as secondary metabolic compounds. Eg: saponins,alkaloids,volatile oils,flavonoids etc.

PHYTOCHEMISTRY
General techniques used to derive these

phytochemicals are: Thin layer chromatography Coloumn chromatography Gas chromatography HPLC Mass spectrometry Nuclear magnetic resonance

MEDICINAL PLANTS

MEDICINAL PLANTS
Plants having medicinal properties is known as

medicinal plants. These plants synthesises substances that are useful to the maintenance of health in humans. These include aromatic compounds such as phenols or tannins. Many are secondary metabolites.

SIGNIFICANCE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS


Many modern medicine are produced indirectly from

medicinal plants.eg, aspirin. Plants are directly used as medicine all over the world.for eg. Chinese medicine,Indian medicine. Medicinal plants are resource of new drugs. Cultivation and preservation of medicinal plants protect biological diversity,for eg, metabolic engineering of plants.

METHODOLOGY
Different techniques involved in the study of

phytochemicals are: Extraction Isolation Structural elucidation Chromatography techniques.

EXTRACTION
Extraction of a phytochemical include following steps Homogenisation Extraction Concentration

ISOLATION AND STRUCTURAL ELUCIDATION


Isolation of compounds is done by gradient solvent

fractionation.

Then structural elucidation of these compounds is

done by 1D or 2D NMR.

RESEARCH WORK
ON TULSI(OCIMUM SANCTUM)
Antidiabetic Indian Plants: a Good Source of Potent Amylase Inhibitors. Bhat M, Zinjarde SS, Bhargava SY, Kumar AR, Joshi BN. Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, University of Pune . The chloroform, methanol and aqueous extracts were prepared from the leaves the plant. It was observed that chloroform extracts have significant alpha amylase inhibitory property.

RESEARCH WORK
Several research on tulsi have proved it to be a remedy

for several common ailments such as. 1. Healing Power 2. Fever & Common Cold 3. Sore Throat 4. Respiratory Disorder 5. Kidney Stone 6. Heart Disorder 7. Stress

SIGNIFICANCE OF PHYTOCHEMISTRY
Study of several phytochemicals can help in improving

the efficacy of drugs. Several studies is in progress to cure diseases like cancer,arthritis,diabetes etc