Types of Essay writing
• Descriptive • Persuasive • Argumentative • Narrative • Discursive


What is a descriptive essay?
• Sensory images are used to describe what the writer sees, hears, smells, touches, and tastes. • It paints a clear description of people, places, objects, or events.

Imagine telling someone who has never visited you. SMELL. TASTE OR FEEL. smell. hear. and feel on Christmas morning.3 What are the key words that show it is a descriptive prompt? Describe your house. smell and how you feel when you are there. hear. . You may want to tell what you will see. YOU MUST DESCRIBE OR TELL WHAT A PERSON CAN SEE. taste. HEAR. There are many tourist spots to visit in Birmingham. Describe your favorite place to take visitors. Tell us what you see.

4 What is a persuasive essay? • You are asked to prove something. Show them to be false. • Give reasons why. • Take a stand • Ask or call for an action. • Present arguments against your reasons. .

YOU WILL NOTICE THE WORDS PERSUADE. . • Some of your kid brothers friends have taken up smoking and want him to start too. • Write a letter to the editor of the newspaper telling why citizens in Birmingham should support a tax increase benefiting the local public schools. CONVINCE OR TELL WHY SOMEONE SHOULD DO SOMETHING.5 What are the key words that show it’s a persuasive prompt? • Persuade a close friend to donate blood as part of a blood drive that your school is sponsoring for the Red Cross. Write a convincing letter to your kid brother to not take up this habit.

middle and end. • Has action. • Has a definite beginning.A narrative… What is a narrative? • Tells a story. • Has dialogue. • Has chronological order and sequence of events. • Has characters. . 6 • Has conflicts or problems.

or or TELL WHAT HAPPENED NEXT. NOTE THE WORDS: WRITE A STORY TELL ABOUT A TIME. Write a story about what happens next. Tell about a time when you made a serious mistake. Tell what happened next.7 What are the key words that show that these are narrative prompts? You and your friend find a big box that is labeled “Do Not Open. Two little girls found a wallet on the sidewalk. .” Your friend wants to open the box.

.11 Narratives • Narratives are essays that relate one moment in which a writer reveals an experience he/she has had. It is best to use the moment in your life that you recall most sharply. They are used to tell a story in such a way so the reader can easily follow the events. • Before writing this type of essay it is best to keep the following suggestions in mind: • What moment in my life best illustrates the point I want to write about? Remember that a moment is limited as much as possible in time.

• Follow a logical time sequence. Describe the people who were there and use important bits of dialogue that occurred while the moment was developing. touch & sound.Narratives. smell. • Also keep the following things in mind: • What is the purpose of the narrative? • Be consistent in your viewpoint. 1 2 . con’t • What kinds of details would make this moment come alive? Remember to show the setting in which the moment occurred through such things as color.

Narratives. • Use dialogue sparingly. con’t 1 3 • Make your characters believable and come alive with as much description as possible • Limit the the scope of the moment as much as possible so that your reader does not get bogged down in a bunch of irrelevant material. . Only include the most important dialogue that directly relates to the moment you are describing.

or what can I read quickly & easily. before I write that will help me to support my reason for holding this opinion? . • Before starting to write this type of essay take a few moments and ask yourself the following questions: • What have I read recently .6 Argumentative Essays • Argumentative essays are used to either explain or defend a personal opinion.

other relatives & teachers that will help me to support my reason for my opinion? . con’t • What have I learned about this subject from TV. movies or radio that will help me to support my opinion? • What have I learned from reliable friends.7 Argumentatives. parents.

8 Other considerations for Argumentative Essays • What is my opposition’s reason for believing differently ? • Who is my audience? • Which points about my topic best illustrate why I believe as I do? • Use of a pro and con sheet may help to clarify the points most relevant to your argument. • Use the appropriate tense .

Argumentative Essays. • By presenting a point for your belief and then a point that refutes the opposition’s belief. and continue the same process with your second and third point. con’t 9 • This type of essay can be done in one of four different ways: • By first presenting your points and then refuting the points of your opposition • By refuting your opposition’s points then presenting your points and their support • By presenting your first point and its support which refutes your opposition’s first point. etc. .

statistics from reliable sources. charts. This evidence may be in the form of personal experiences. or expert testimony . factual information. con’t • Keep in mind that it is necessary to select evidence that effectively supports your claim. graphs or diagrams. experiences or testimony from others.10 Argumentative Essays.

Your goal is to make people discuss your topic pointing different opinions. Basically. it has a lot to do with argumentative and persuasive essays though it is a separate type that has particular features. .6 Discursive essay • The main idea of writing discursive essays is to set some arguments.

and though it might be some kind of hopeless one it deserves the right to take place and be considered. • The main clue that differ discursive essays from argumentative and persuasive ones is that you do not have to prove your words with evidence. Learning them all. you need to show your point of view is worth paying attention as well. you will have to deal with varieties of opinions. .7 • Writing a discursive essay. The strongest support here is your mind.

• explain why one point is acceptable while the rest is not.8 What to do: To make the entire process of discursive: • select the matter to discuss. • study opinions of opponents and followers. . • determine your position. • pick arguments and think over proves.

facts. Jot down these ideas. or reasons? • O. NOW START YOUR OUTLINE.Who is your audience? • C.9 Think – Brainstorm-PACO • P-What is your purpose? • A.Organization --Think how you want to structure your paper.Content --What are your ideas for details. OR WEB! .

Use strong action words Use vivid adjectives Use metaphors Finished? Reread & reread to improve and clarify. & evidence following the topic statement or key statement. Grab interest in the beginning Build your paragraph with explanations. Give your work a title with an action word.0 Summary • • • • • • • • • Identify your prompt Plan your work with an outline. examples. .

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