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Computer

(Four Basic Components)

CPU - Central Processing Unit • Input Controllers • Output Controllers • Storage Media

Central Processing Unit • "Brain" of a computer • Is the hardware within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetical. and input/output operations of the system . logical.

Random Access Memory Read Only Memory • Form of Permanent Storage • Firmware • Translate computer's high-level programming languages into machine languagess (Binary Codes) • Memory storage is not erased even when the compouter is turned off.Memory • ROM . .Read Only Memory • RAM .

Storage Media Devices .

Hard Drive It is a data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material. .

sealed in a rectangular plastic carrier lined with fabric that removes dust particles .Diskettes (Floppy disk) Is a disk storage medium composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium.

CD-ROM (Compact Disc Read-only memory) • Is a type of optical disk capable of storing large amounts of data .

(Universal Serial Bus) • Is a type of connector which allows the user to attach peripheral devices to his computer USB Disk .

Input and Output Devices .

Input Devices • The devices used to receive information from the outside world .

Examples: Keyboard • The set of typewriter-like keys that enables you to enter data into a computer Mouse • A pointing device that functions by detecting two.dimensional motion relative to its supporting surface .

Nursing Workstations: Touch Screen • Is an electronic visual display that the user can control through simple or multi-touch gestures by touching the screen with one or more fingers Lightpen • A device that connects to your computer • It is the size of a regular writing pen and is used as a pointing device on your screen .

Voice System Scanner • Is a device that 'reads' or 'scans' an image and converts it to a digital format .

or signals to other devices . graphics. data files.Output Devices • the devices used to report the results from the computer into the outside world. • can be in a form of text. sound.

Examples: Monitor • Is an electronic visual display for computers Printer • Is a peripheral which produces a representation of an electronic document on physical media such as paper or transparency film .

Speaker • An electromechanical device which produces sound Headphones • Are a pair of small loudspeakers that are designed to be held in place close to a user's ears .

Projector • A device that projects an image on a surface .

Computer Power •Bits and Bytes refers to how the machine stores information at the lowest level possible. .

.character unit.made up of nine bits * There are 255 different combinations of 0 and 1 in an 8.Bits and Bytes • Bit .a unit data in a binary numbering system • Byte .