04/03/09

Security Level: Internal Use Onl

Topic on Solaris 10
Mo Qiuju /57859
www.huawei.com

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Prefac e
This course is developed on the basis of common requirement on knowledge about Solaris 10 operating system for technical service engineers. This course is used for engineers to improve the management and application capabilities of Solaris 10 operating system.
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Study Guide

The main part of this course is common operations of Solaris 10 operating system and the difficulty lies in troubleshooting on Solaris 10 operating system.

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Objective s

After completing this course, you should be able to:

Know main delivered hardware of the workstation Know the evolvement of Solaris, Sybase and T2000 and describe differences and features between solaris10 and solaris8 Understand common operations, common maintenance commands and application of basic tools of Solaris operating system Troubleshoot common problems

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Content
 

Introduction to server hardware Brief introduction to Solaris 10 operating system Common operations of Solaris 10 operating system Troubleshooting on Solaris 10

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Content

Introduction to server hardware

Models of SUN Standard computers of T2000/T2100 Introduction to hardware and software of SUN workstation

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The Type of SUN Equipment
Blade2500

Sun Fire V480/V490 Sun Fire V880/V890

Sun Netra240 ( 配套 3310 或 3320 阵列 )

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Configuration Requirement for T2000/T2100
T2000 Blade 2500,SUN Fire V490S,SUN Fire V890 T2100 T2000/T2100 HA System (Sun Cluster) T2000/T2100 HA System (VERITAS Hot Standby) T2000 HA System (VERITAS Warm Standby) SUN Fire V890 or SUN Fire V490 SUN Fire V890 or SUN Fire V490 SUN Fire V490 or SUN Fire V890 Netra240+3310 disk array

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Hardware and software of SUN Workstation

The basic configuration of SUN workstation includes:

Software of SUN workstation

Solaris CDE Sybase T2000/T2100 single system software T2000/T2100 HA system software

Host Color display Keyboard and mouse

Optional configuration for SUN workstation includes:

CD-ROM Tape drive Floppy drive
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Question
 

Q1: Describe models of SUN workstation. Q2: Describe standard workstations equipped with delivered T2000. Q3: Describe basic software and hardware configurations of SUN workstation.

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Summ ary

In this chapter ,we have learned:

Models of SUN Standard computers of T2000/T2100 Introduction to hardware and software of SUN workstation

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Content
 

Introduction to server hardware Brief introduction to Solaris 10 operating system Common operations of Solaris 10 operating system Troubleshooting on Solaris 10

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Content

Brief introduction to Solaris 10 operating system

System structure and basic concept of Solaris Versions of Solaris and matching relations with T2000 and Sybase Differences between Solaris10 and Solaris 8

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Brief Introduction of Solaris

UNIXUNIX genres:

SUN Solaris ,HP HP-UX, Digital unix, Linux

Main features:

multi-tasking, multi-users, pipe, powerful Shell, security protection mechanism, good stability, graphic user interface, powerful network support, good migrateability

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System Architecture of UNIX
Application Program sh

csh cpp kernel vi

kernel shell(B shell,

Hardware

K shell, C shell)

Application Program
Outer Layer Program

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Main Features of UNIX File System

Tree level or structure Service of network file system provided Function of creating, copying and deleting file and file tree

Dynamic accretion of file Security and sharing of file data Peripheral (printer, disk etc.) and directory treated as file

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Structure of Solaris File System
/

bin sh csh

dev

etc rc3.d

usr

opt T2000

var sybase

cdrom tmp

export home

client

server t2000

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UNIX File Permission
r w x ordinary file readable writable executable owner group other

-rwx r-x r-- 2 reed t2000 32 Oct 17 15:33 a.txt other 4 100 group 5 101 owner 7 111

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Shell

The shell sits between you and the operating system, acting as a command interpreter. It reads your terminal input and translates the commands into actions taken by the system. The shell is analogous to command.com in DOS.

There are several types of shell: B Shell, K Shell, C Shell. Sh( B shell) uses the startup file .profile and the default prompt is $; Csh uses the startup files .cshrc and .login, the default prompt is %.

Normally the default shell is Bourne Shell. To change shell, just input corresponding shell command. For example, input “ksh” to change to Korn shell in B shell.

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Environment Variables

Environment variables are used to provide information to the programs you use. The following information are example: display mode, default editor, terminal type, resource configuration of serial ports and network cards, login user name, hostname, group name, path, prompt. 2 types: global environment and local shell variables. Global environment variables are available in every Shell, but local shell variables are available only in one Shell. Common environment variables of NMS:

PATH:Paths to be searched for commands SYBASE:Sybase installation path,normally, SYBASE=/opt/sybase T2000DBServer:Sybase Server Name IMAP: T2000 server path, normally, IMAP = /T2000/server

Query the value of environment variables:

input echo $ environment variable name Eg. echo $ IMAP
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Version of Solaris

Solaris 2.6 Stable, 32bit, widely used before.

Solaris 2.7 Failed version, not used.

Solaris 2.8 Currently main version, 64bit, stable, widely used in T2000/T2100. Solaris 2.9
Not used.

Solaris 2.10
The latest version, which T2000/T2100 will switch to, is the main version now.

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Matching Relations between Solaris and T2000
 

The database since Solaris10 starts to be switched to Sybase12.5. The T2000V2R2 and V2R3 start to support Solaris10 and Sybase12.5 as well as Solari8 and Sybase12.0.

The T2100V2R1 starts to match Solaris10 and Sybase12.5 and no longer supports Solaris8 abd Sybase11.9.2.

When the NMS is upgraded, pay attention to the matching relations with the operating system and database.

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Features of Solaris10
   

Clear system operation process: Dynamic Tracing Wide hardware platforms: New UltraSPARC IV, Persistent availability: Predictive Self Healing Incomparable security: Process Rights Management,Crypto Infrastructure Optimized utilization: N1 Grid Containers

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Differences between Solaris10 and Solaris8
solaris10 CDE V1.6 SMC container Built-in SSH2 Dynamic Tracing Support x86 File position changes. /etc/ftpd/ftpusers File ip display mode changes. /opt/sybase/interfaces ip denoted in decimal format
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solaris8 CDE V1.4 Admintool None None None None /etc/ftpusers /opt/sybase/interfaces ip Denoted in hexadecimal format

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Question

Q1: Describe the levels of structure of the UNIX file system. Q2: Which versions of the T2000 and T2100 start to support Solaris 10 respectively? What Sybase versions match Solaris 10? Q3: Where are Solaris 10 and Solaris 8 saved?

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Summ ary

In this chapter, we have learned:

System structure and basic concept of Solaris Versions of Solaris and matching relations with T2000 and Sybase Differences between Solaris10 and Solaris 8

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Content
 

Introduction to server hardware Brief introduction to Solaris 10 operating system Common operations of Solaris 10 operating system Troubleshooting on Solaris 10

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Content

Common operations of Solaris 10 operating system

Normal operation for Engineering Normal operation for Maintenance Use of tools

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Normal operation for Engineering

Include:

Start the SUN workstation Install the Solaris 10 Install T2000/T2100 software in Solaris Start a terminal window Enable/disable ftp or telnet, the use of ftp or telnet Control Keys File dump and restore File compress and uncompress Start or shutdown the T2000(T2100) in Solaris Power-off and Restart the sun workstation
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Hardware of SUN Workstation

The basic configuration of SUN workstation includes:

SUN workstation type:

Ultra60 Blade2000 Blade2500 Sun Fire V480 Sun Fire V490 Sun Fire V880 Sun Fire V890 Sun Netra240

Host Color display Keyboard and mouse

Optional configuration for SUN workstation includes:

CD-ROM Tape drive Floppy drive
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Software of SUN Workstation

The software of SUN workstation in default configuration includes:

Solaris operating system: the fundamental software of operating system of SUN workstation CDE (Common Desktop Environment): providing graphic user interface

Additional software needed when SUN workstation is used in the NM includes:

Sybase database system: providing database service NM program High-Availability software (optional)

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Turning On the Host of SUN Workstation

Two ways to turn on the host of Sun workstation:

Turn on the power switch of the host Press the Power button on the top-right corner of the keyboard

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Installing the Operating System Solaris 10

Installation Preparations

Before you install the T2000 system, make sure that the preparations for the software, hardware and environment are done. The T2000's software and hardware running environment is strictly selected and tested.

Hardware Installation

Refer to the OptiX iManager T2000/T2100 Installation Guide

Installing the Operating System Solaris 10

Press STOP+A. The ok prompt is displayed. Insert the CD/DVD for Solaris 10 Software 1 (01/06 SPARC Platform Edition).

Notes:

Divide disk According to the divided requirement of disk in Installation Guide
Page 33 T2000/T2100 Installation

 More detail installation step refer to the HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

Install the T2000/T2100 On Unix
a) Confirm the Solaris 10 has been installed b) Configure the operation system c) Check the installation software of T2000/T2100 has been prepared. d) Install the T2000 e) Install T2000 License f) Create the shortcut icon for T2000 start g) Enabling the Northbound Interface (Optional) h) Creating a Disk Mirror (Optional) i) Verifying the Installation More detail installation step refer to the T2000/T2100 Installation Guide
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Terminal Window for Command Line

Two ways to open the terminal window:

Click the terminal window icon on the bottom of the screen (the name is “this host”)

Right-click at the blank place of screen, a menu will pop out. Choose “Hosts” -> “Terminal Console” in the menu

Two ways to close the terminal window:

Type command ”exit” behind the prompt in terminal window Double click the top-left corner of terminal window

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Startup and Stop telnet/ftp Server in Solaris10

Disable/Enable telnet server in Solaris10:
(Only the root user has the right to do it)

# svcadm disable network/telnet # svcadm enable network/telnet

Disable/Enable ftp server in Solaris10: ( Only the root user has the right to do it )

# svcadm disable network/ftp # svcadm enable network/ftp

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Enable ftp and telnet function

steps

a) enable the ftp and telnet function only by root user # svcadm enable telnet # svcadm enable ftp b) enable telnet connection and enable ftp connection of a special user #root enable telnet connection -- Change the /etc/default/login file and add # before CONSOLE=/dev/console to: # CONSOLE=/dev/console enable ftp connection of a special user– Change the /etc/ftpd/ftpusers file and add # before the user name. To enable ftp connection of the root user, add # before root: #root
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Disable ftp and telnet

Procedure

(a) Disable telnet and ftp connection of a special user. Disable telnet connection—Change the /etc/default/login file and remove # before #CONSOLE=/dev/console to: CONSOLE=/dev/console Disable ftp connection of a special user– Change the /etc/ftpd/ftpusers file and remove # before the user name. To disable ftp connection of the root user, remove # before root. (b) Disable ftp and telnet functions. Only the root user is authorized to perform this operation. # svcadm disable telnet # svcadm disable ftp

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Use ftp to Transfer Files
Application scenario: File transfer is needed between two workstations or between a workstation and a PC. In this event, the ftp function is needed. Before using ftp, make sure that the ftp function of two computers that transfer files to each other is enabled. Example: Transfer a file from a PC to a workstation c. “Start” workstation) d. ftp ip address e. Type in the user name and password. f. ftp> ascll (transfer mode: text file in ascll mode; other files in bin mode) g. ftp>cd /aaa (directory of files in the workstation) h. ftp>lcd d:\ i. j. ftp>put bbb (bbb refers to the file name. To obtain a file from the workstation, replace put with get.) ftp>bye (ftp ends.)
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“Run”

cmd (necessary for a PC and unnecessary for a

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Use of Telnet
Application scenario: When the workstation server is placed remotely or the server cannot be randomly used, you need to log in to the server remotely on the client (PC or workstation) to perform some operations. After remote login by using the Telnet function, using the workstation server is the same as using the local workstation. Procedure for Telnet c. “Start” “Run” workstation) cmd (necessary for a PC and unnecessary for a

d. telnet server IP address e. Type in the user name and password.

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Control Keys

Control+C Used to break program running abnormally

Control+D Used to break system communication

Control+S Used to inform terminal of stoping accepting input

Control+Q Used to inform terminal of resuming accepting input

Stop + A Used to go to OK state

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File dump and restore

Application scenario

The tar command combines files into one device or filename for archiving purposes. The tar command does not compress the files; it merely makes a large quantity of files more manageable.

Syntax
       

tar [options] [directory file] Common Options c create an archive (begin writing at the start of the file) t table of contents list x extract from an archive v verbose f archive file name b archive block size

Example

tar cvf aaa.tar aaa (In current directory, dump all the files and subdirectories in aaa directory to aaa.tar in the current directory) tar xvf aaa.tar (restore aaa.tar into the current directory)
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File compress and uncompress
 

Application scenario : compress and uncompress of files compress and uncompress command

When a file has been compressed using the compress command, a suffix of .Z is appended to the file name. Syntax
compress [options] [file] uncompress [options] [file.Z] Example: compress aaa uncompress aaa.Z
 

Gzip and gunzip command  Gunzip restores the files originally compressed by gzip. When a file has been compressed using the gzip command, a suffix of .gz is appended to the file name.

Syntax :

gzip filename gzip aaa

gunzip filename or gzip -d filename

Example:

gunzip aaa.gz

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File compress and uncompress
 

Application scenario : compress and uncompress of files Pack and unpack command

When a file has been compressed using the pack command, a suffix of .z is appended to the file name. Syntax: pack name Example: pack aaa unpack name unpack aaa.z

zip and unzip command  unzip restores the files originally compressed by zip. When a file has been compressed using the gzip command, a suffix of .zip is appended to the file name.

Syntax :

zip FileName.zip DirName

unzip FileName.zip

Example:

zip aaa.zip aaa

unzip aaa.zip
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Start or shutdown the T2000(T2100) in Solaris

Steps

 Switch to t2000(t2100) user :su – t2000(t2100)

 Execute “cd /T2000(T2100)/server/bin”  Execute “./t2000server”(./startserver.sh) to start
T2000(T2100);

Execute “./showt2000server”(./show_server) to check the
running status of T2000 server(T2100 server). If returned value includes the process and PID for each related process of T2000(T2100) , that is to say , the T2000 server(T2100 server) is running.

Execute ”./shutdownserver”(./stopserver.sh) to shutdown
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Power-off and Restart the sun workstation

Steps for power-off are as follows: 1) Use “su” to enter the root authority of superuser 2)Excute “sync” several times to write the data from memory to disk 3) Run “shutdown -y -g0 -i0” to return to “ok” prompt, then switch off the host, or type command “power-off”, or press Ctrl+Alt+ Power keys to switch off the system power. 4)Run “shutdown -y -g0 -i5” to power-off directly.

Methods to restart are as follows:

Run command “reboot” under superuser root Run “init 0” to enter prompt “ok”, then type “boot” Run “shutdown -y -g0 –i6”
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Normal operation for Maintenance

Include:

switch user File maintenance Display the content of file System resource navigation and control Modify the hostname Configure and query the IP address Configure the default network route

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switch user

Two methods

Method1:su xxx Method2:su – xxx Method1 is used to switch user in the current environment

variables;
Method 2 is used to switch user completely .(recommend to use) Example: su – root User name:root
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Password:rootkit

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Directory Navigation and Control
The UNIX file system is set up like a tree branching out from the root. The root directory of the system is symbolized by the forward slash (/). System and user directories are organized under the root. The following table summarizes some directory navigation commands.
Command/Syntax cd [directory] ls [options] [directory or file] mkdir [options] directory pwd rmdir [options] directory What it will do change directory list directory contents or file permissions make a directory print working (current) directory remove a directory

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Directory Navigation and Control

Print working (current) directory -- pwd

Example: % pwd Return value : /T2000/server

Change directory -- cd

Syntax: cd [directory] Example: %cd %cd / %cd ..

changes to user's home directory changes directory to the system's root goes up one directory level

make a directory ---mkdir

Syntax: mkdir directory Example: % mkdir /T2000/client/data

remove a directory -- rmdir

Syntax: rmdir directory Example: % rmdir /T2000/client/data

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Directory Navigation and Control -ls
Ls ---list directory contents
  

Syntax: ls [options] [parameter] -a lists all files, including those beginning with a dot (.),such as .login -l long listing lists the mode, link information, owner, size, last modification (time). If the file is a symbolic link, an arrow (-->) precedes the pathname of the linked-to file.

Example: ls –l Return value: drwxr-xr-x 2 t2000 ems 512 May 3 13:58 T2000/ Explanation :For the directory T2000, it allows the user (owner) t2000 to read, write and execute; other users except t2000 in the UNIX group assigened to the file to read and execute; users on the system only to read.
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Usage Structure for Command Line

Usage structure for command line is: Command _ [Option] _ [Parameter]

Several options can be used together for most commands: Command _ -[Option 1][Option 2][Option 3][ ...] For example: ls _– alF

Options also can be listed separately: Command _ -[Option 1] _ -[Option 2] _ [Option 3] _ -[ ...] For example: ls _ -a _ -l _– F
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Common Operations
         

cd ls mkdir cp/rcp pwd rmdir rm mv man su

Change directory List the directory contents, for example: ls -al Create directory Copy files Present the current working directory Delete directory Delete file, for example: rm –r /tmp/t2000 Move file or change file name Obtain help information on command Switch user

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File Maintenance Commands
 

touch find find files

Used to create a file, for example: touch

a.txt

Recursively search the indicated directory tree to matching a type or pattern you specify

    

grep chmod chown chgrp cat command

Search specified string in the whole text file Change access authority over file Change the ownership of a file Change the group of the file Display the contents of a file with the concatenate Page through a text file

  

more/less/pg head/tail echo

Display the head/tail N lines of a file Repeat the characters you give to the standard
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System Resource Commands

df example: df -k

Summarize disk block and file usage, for

du /usr/t2000

Report disk space in use, for example: du –k

who system

Provide a listing of users accessing the

  

which date env variables

Display the path of the shell files Configure or display the time and date Display or configure the current environment

tar purposes

Combines files into one file for archiving

 

compress/uncompress Compress/uncompress a file passwd Used to change your password
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Checking System Information
    

prtdiag uname hostname hostid id group

Display the hardware information Display the computer’s information Configure or display the hostname Display the hostid Display the ID and name of the user and

 

pkginfo pkginfo –l xxx

Check the installed software package Check the detailed information of the

software package

showrev showrev -p

Check the Solaris version, for example:

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Checking System Information
    

prtdiag uname hostname hostid du /usr/t2000

Display the hardware information Display the computer’s information Configure or display the hostname Display the hostid Report disk space in use, for example: du –k

  

id pkginfo pkginfo –l xxx package

Display the ID and name of the user and group Check the installed software package Check the detailed information of the software

showrev

Check the Solaris version, for example: showrev -p

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System Resource Navigation and Control
Query the hardware information Syntax: prtdiag

Example: %prtdiag

Return value: the clock frequency, the amount of memory , CPU information, I/O
information

Query the basic information of system Syntax: uname –a,hostname,hostid Example: %uname –a %hostname %hostid Return value: the current user name, hostname, hostID,etc.  Query the information of system patch Execute showrev –p | grep patch number to query the pacth whether it has been installed. Example: #showrev -p | grep 117350 Return value:

Patch: 117350-02 Obsoletes: 116897-01 Requires: 108528-29, 117000-0 Incompatibles:Packages: SUNWcarx, SUNWcar, SUNWcsr, SUNWpmu, SUNWpmux, SUNWhea HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 58

Controlling Processes

Generally speaking, a process is a running task. The UNIX system realizes time-sharing multi-tasks by controlling, provisioning and storage management of the processes.

Every process on a UNIX system has a integer as process ID, or PID which is exclusive.

Common commands

ps kill

show status of active processes, for example: ps –ef terminate a process, for example: kill -9 213
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Modifying Hostname

Modify /etc/nodename file, input the new hostname. If the new hostname is Primary, input Primary in nodename file.

Open /etc/hostname.interface file, change the old hostname to the new one. Notes: interface is the name of network card + a integer, for example: eri + 0 = eri0.

 

There is at least one hostname.interface0 file in /etc. Modify /etc/inet/hosts and /etc/hosts files, change the old hostname to the new one.

Modify /etc/inet/ipnodes files,change the old hostname to the new one.
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IP Address Configuration

Temporary configuration of IP address ( invalidated after restart ):

#ifconfig name of network card device plumb #ifconfig name of network card device IP netmask up

Example: #ifconfig bge0 10.77.30.105 255.0.0.0 up

Permanent configuration of IP address ( validated after restart ):

Modify /etc/inet/ipnodes file Modify /etc/hosts file, the content is IP 【 tab 】 character string Modify /etc/netmasks file, writting the corresponding netmask of IP

Query the IP address and MAC address

# ifconfig - a return value:
lo0: flags=2001000849<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4,VIRTUAL> mtu 8232 index 1 inet 127.0.0.1 netmask ff000000 hme0: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500 index 2 inet 10.72.86.11 netmask ff000000 broadcast 10.255.255.255 ether Page 61 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential 0:3:ba:18:40:62

Configuration of Default Network Route

Application scenario: default route is configured in routine maintenance where one workstation is used to log in to other remote workstation in different LANs.

Procedure The parameter route indicates the route management command; add indicates adding route option; default indicates the default route; 129.9.1.254 indicates the IP address of the internal port of the local network; 1 refers to the hop number.

a. # route add default 129.9.1.254 1

b. Run the netstat –nr command to query the added default route in the system route table. In this event, NEs at other network segments can be pinged through. c. To facilitate the system to automatically add the default route when the system is restarted every time, create the defautrouter file in the /etc directory and write in the IP address of the relevant route port (take
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129.9.1.254 as an example)

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Use of tools

Include:

Vi Use of Snapshot Tool Data Collection Tool Smc

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Tools --Vi

Application scenario: vi command is a powerful tool for editing text file in UNIX, it can create and modify the text file.vi has two basic modes for manipulating text, command mode and text entry mode. When you start vi, you will be in command mode until you enter one of the text entry commands, such as i, a, s, or o, which are explained in Entering Text with vi.
To create a file named myfile and open it for editing, use this command:

vi filename  control command ESC Key: switch between Command mode and text input mode b: cursor go to the beginning of last word X: delete a word dd: delete an row i: Insert the text at the location before the cursor(insert) j:Move the cursor to up k:Move the cursor to down l:Move the cursor to right o: insert the text in the next line where the cursor is(open) :wq ! :Save and exit :w! :Only save, no exit :q! :Force exit without save :e ! : reedit the file again without change
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Tools --Use of Snapshot Tool

Application scenario: when window snap or screen snap on a workstation is needed Procedure
 Right-click the desktop and choose Application > Snapshot to enable the snapshot program.  Choose Hide the window during snapshot. Click the window to snap or choose the screen. Snapshot is complete after waiting for eight seconds.  On the graphic viewer, choose File > Save as jpeg. Note: When typing in the file name, do type in the suffix name like XXXX.jpg(jpeg).

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Tools--Data Collection Tool
 

Application scenario: HA system In the /opt/haT2000-veritas-scripts/Monitor directory of the Veritas HA system, the Veritas_Explorer.pl data collection script exists. Run the script to check the status of the HA system and collect data. It takes about 10 minutes to complete data collection and the size of the files is about 8M. As some data collected is large, the data should be divided and then transmitted. The WinRAR function is available.

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Tool-smc

Application scenario: graphic interfaces of common operations on the workstation

admintool in Solaris8 is changed to smc in Solaris10. Compared with admintool, smc features better expansion performance. smc does not provide specific functions, but provides interfaces that access these functions. a. Assign authority and role for users. b. Create and carry out the user policy. c. View the system log and find out abnormal or doubtful log records. d. Create a mail list. e. Configure and format the new system disk, including disk partition and preparation for RAID configuration disk copy.

Enable the smc tool
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#smc

Question

Q1: How to open the T2000 or T2100 in the workstation? Q2: How to enable the ftp and telnet functions? Q3: How to use the VI editor?

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Summ ary

In this chapter, we have learned:

Normal operation for Engineering Normal operation for Maintenance Use of tools

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Content
 

Introduction to server hardware Brief introduction to Solaris 10 operating system Common operations of Solaris 10 operating system Troubleshooting on Solaris 10

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Content

Troubleshooting on Solaris 10

CDE Cannot Be Logged in Normally The CD Fails to Pop up The User Password Is Forgotten The SH Script Cannot Be Run. The workstation does not respond to the keyboard and mouse

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CDE Cannot Be Logged in Normally.
Problem description: When a user logs in to CDE, the password is correct, but the system is down after the desktop is displayed. Problem cause: The configuration file of Desktop of the user may be damaged. Solution: Two methods are available: Method 1: Use a terminal to log in. Run “rm -rf .dt” and then re-log in to CDE. Method 2: Create a user and copy some configuration files such as .cshrc, .login, and .dtprofile in the user directory to the new user directory. Then customize the environment and create action icon for
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The CD Fails to Pop up.
Problem description After installing Solaris 10 operating system, the engineer press the popup key under the driver, but the CD fails to pop up. Solution Type in the command: eject –f. Type in ./etc/init.d/volmgt stop to take out the CD. Run the following command to restore the system: ./etc/init.d/volmgt start

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The User Password Is Forgotten.
If a common user forgets the password, use the root user to change the password.
(a) Log in to the system as the root user. (b) Run the passwd command to change the user password. #passwd user

If the root user password is forgotten, do as follows:
(a) Enter OK and enter the following commands: #fsck -y /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s0 (depending on the equipment of the root partition) #mount -F ufs /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0 /mnt #TERM=ansi; export TERM (if using vi is normal, do not use the statement.) #vi /mnt/etc/shadow (b) Delete the character between the first and second colons after root. This can delete the password of the root user. #umount /mnt #reboot (c) Use the passwd command to change the password.
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The SH Script Cannot Be Run.
Problem description The .sh script fails to be run on the workstation. The system returns a prompt that the script fails to be run. Problem cause The user has no enough authority and is not switched to other relevant user. The file has no executable authority. In these two cases, use ls –l XXX.sh (script name) to view the file attribute. Solution In case 1, switch the user or change the script host. If the executable authority is insufficient, add the executable authority. If the script is changed on the PC, check whether the transport mode is correct (ASCII). In addition, use the sh –x xxx.sh Page the script and HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.check the Confidential Huawei execution course of 75 debugging mode to

The workstation does not respond to the keyboard and mouse, so it is nonoperable. The workstation does not respond to the keyboard Problem description:
and mouse, so it is nonoperable.

Problem cause: The process runs abnormally. Solution: Find out the abnormal process and kill it or restart the workstation.
Specifically, do as follows: (a) Connect another computer (laptop computer, PC or workstation) to this workstation with a network cable. Enter the following command on this computer: Telnet the IP address of the workstation. Follow the prompt to type in the rms user name and relevant password and then log in to the workstation. (b) Find out the abnormal process and kill it. Enter the following command to find out the possible abnormal process and record the process number: %ps -ef Enter the following command to kill the abnormal process: %kill -9   process number If the abnormal process is unclear, kill the dtsession process. Then the workstation interface restarts and enters in the login status.
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The workstation does not respond to the keyboard and mouse, so it is nonoperable.
(c) If the workstation is restored after the preceding operations are carried out, restart NMS in the workstation. If the system remains abnormal, use the following command to restart the workstation: #/usr/sbin/shutdown -y -g0 -i6 Then the system is restarted. If no computer connects to the workstation onsite or the computer fails to telnet the workstation due to some reasons, do as follows: (1) Type in “STOP”+“A”. (2) When the system displays the “ok” prompt, type in “sync” to restart the system.

Warning:
The preceding operation is bad to the file system, so it is used only when there is no other method. Use fsck to check the file system after the
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Question

Q1: How to do when the workstation CD fails to pop up? Q2: How to do when the sh script fails to be run? Q3: How to do when the user password is forgotten?

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In this chapter, we have learned:

Summar y

CDE Cannot Be Logged in Normally The CD Fails to Pop up The User Password Is Forgotten The SH Script Cannot Be Run. The workstation does not respond to the keyboard and mouse

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Summa ry

In this course, we have learned:

Introduction to server hardware Brief introduction to Solaris 10 operating system Common operations of Solaris 10 operating system Troubleshooting on Solaris 10

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Thank You
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