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River Thames

Thames – Isle of Dogs


If CLAUSES

River Thames

Thames – Isle of Dogs


CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

If human beings go on modifying the environmental


cycles they will stop the ability of ecosystem to provide
benefits to humans.
CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Gases in the atmosphere keep the sun's heat in and help


make our planet livable. If we stopped this natural
insulation, the Earth's surface would be much colder
than it is now.
CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
Look what we've done!!!

Society's Impact On Our Environment

We would have found more trees like this every where if


we had used common sense.
The Greenhouse Effect wouldn’t have become a big
problem if we had not cut down so many trees.
There are three types of conditionals.
Each type consists of two parts:

 the if -clause (hypothesis), which begins with


the word if.

 and the main clause, which shows the result of


the hypothesis.
if - clause main clause

(hypothesis) (result)

If we change our habits , we will save our planet.


When the if-clause comes before the main
clause, they are separated with a comma.

IF we didn't cut them down, trees like these


would be almost every where

When the main clause comes before the


if-clause, then they are not separated with a
comma.

Trees like these would be almost every where


if we didn't cut them down
Type 1
Oração Condicional Oração Principal

Simple Present Simple Future

If we use less energy , we will help the


greenhouse effect
getting worse.
If you don’t know what read about it and you’ll
the Greenhouse Effect find out.
may cause,
TYPE 1- Conditionals

If we use less energy we will help the greenhouse


effect getting worse.
Type 1 conditionals can also be formed as follows:

If - clause Main Clause

If + Simple Present Simple Present

Imperative

Can / must / may ...


+ bare infinitive
If + Simple Present + Simple Present

If you think our radiation is low, you're wrong!


If + Simple Present + Imperative

If you want to find out how to help our planet,


click below on the link "Ways You Can Help."
If + Simple Present + Modal Verb

If we carry on polluting the atmosphere with


greenhouse gases, it can cause very dangerous
effects on the Earth.
Type 2
If Clause Main Clause

Simple Past Simple Conditional


would + infinitivo (- to)
If the temperature became the water of the seas and
higher, oceans would expand.
If I were you, I would become a
“Healthy planet member”.
TYPE 2- Conditionals

Grass like this would be everywhere if we did


not make so many roads and houses.
If each of us saved just one can a day from
landfill - that would add up to hundreds of
millions of cans - in just one day.
Type 3
If Clause Main Clause

Past Perfect would have + particípio

If we had formulated global temperature


specific policy to control wouldn’t have increased.
human activities,

If we had reduced the we would have reduced


use of fossil fuels, acid rain.
If I had run the dishwasher
only with a full load, we
would have reduced the use
of electricity.

We would have helped to


protect the environment if we
had used more recycled
materials.
We can use unless instead of if...not in the ,
if -clause. The verb is always in the affirmative
after unless.
(UNLESS = a não ser que)

lf we don't follow the Kyoto and Bonn treaties ,


we'll have serious environmental problems.

Unless we follow the Kyoto and Bonn treaties ,


we'll have serious environmental problems.