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under the guidance of Dr. R.Gandhimathi

Done by : 1.Billa Manasa Reddy 2.Kavya sharma 3. Mainowshree Boro 4. Shamma Anna Jacob

To investigate the efficiency of coconut coir pith for the removal of Rhodamine B dye from waste water. To investigate the effects of contact time, adsorbent dosage, pH on dye removal efficiency. To investigate the adsorption mechanisms through kinetic models. To quantify the adsorption equilibrium through Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms.

Materials used Adsorbate: Rhodamine B dye Adsorbent: Coconut Coir Pith What is Rhodamine B? What are its uses? Why the removal of Rhodamine B?


Materials used contd

Why Coconut Coir pith is used as adsorbent? The coir pith is sieved through a 300 micron sieve and retained on a 150 micron sieve.



Work Done
Performed Trials for phosphate removal by adsorption using various adsorbents . Removal Efficiency not sufficient . Started new project on Removal of Rhodamine B dye from aqueous solution using adsorption by coconut coir pith. Experiments performed : Effect of contact time Effect of Dosage Kinetic models for contact time

Experimental Procedure
Preparation of stock solution: Take 1g of Rhodamine B and add it to 1000 ml of distilled water. A solution of concentration 1000 mg/l is obtained. Preparation of Reference samples: Take 10 ml of 1 g/l solution and dilute it to 100 ml. This solution has a concentration of 100 mg/l. Further take 50 ml of this solution and dilute it to 500 ml. A solution of 10 mg/l is obtained. Similarly, samples of concentration 2,4,6,8 mg/l are prepared and a calibration curve is obtained.

Peak Wavelength Graph for Rhodamine B


Effect of contact time

25 mg of coconut coir pith is added to 50 ml of the 10 mg/l solution. 11 such samples are prepared. All samples are put in the shaker for the respective timings-5,10,15,20,30,45,60,90,120,150 and 180 mins. They are later centrifuged at 1000 rpm and the obtained supernatants are tested for Rhodamine B concentration using a UV Spectrophotometer. The equilibrium contact time is established.

Effect of contact time

Adsorption increases with increase in the contact time Initially adsorption was low but increases with time quickly. Optimum contact time : 60 min (Qe ) Removal efficiency at Qe = 83.85 %

Effect of dosage of the adsorbent

Prepare samples with different doses of coconut coir pith-10,20,30,40,50,60,70,80,90,100 mg/ 50 ml. Put these samples in the shaker for 60 min (equilibrium contact time). Centrifuge the samples at 1000 rpm and measure the concentration of the supernatants using a UV Spectrophotometer. The optimum dosage of the adsorbent is obtained.

Effect of dosage
Removal efficiency increases with the increase in Coir pith dosage. Optimum dosage : 2.5 gm/L with Removal efficiency of 98%.

Colour change in the sample

In order to clarify the adsorption process, adsorption models were applied to evaluate the experimental data. Adsorption Models : 1. Lagergrens pseudo first order kinetic model 2. Lagergrens pseudo second order kinetic model. The pseudo first order equation is generally expressed as : log(Qe-Qt) = log Qe (k1/2.303)t Where Qe and Qt are the adsorption capacity at equilibrium and at time t, respectively(mg/g), k1 is the rate constant of pseudo first order.

The pseudo second order equation is expressed as : (t/Qt) = (1/(k2Qe) + (t/Qe) Where k2 is the rate constant of pseudo second order.

Kinetic Models

Pseudo 1st Order Kinetics

Pseudo 2nd Order Kinetics

Kinetic Constants
Dye Pseudo 1st order coefficients Pseudo 2nd order Coefficients Qe exp (mg/g)

Qe (mg/g)
Rhoda 19.7 mine B

k (1/min)

Qe (mg/g)

k (g/mg/m in )




Conclusion : It follows Pseudo 2nd order kinetics.

Future Plans
Experiments to be conducted : Effect of pH Adsorption Isotherms Properties of Adsorbents : 1. Zero point charge 2. Specific gravity 3. Particle size

1. Residual oil and suspended solid removal using natural adsorbents chitosan, bentonite and activated carbon: A comparative study by A.L. Ahmad, S. Sumathi, B.H. Hameed. 2. Removal and Recovery of the Hazardous Azo Dye Acid Orange 7 through adsorption over Waste Materials: Bottom Ash and De-Oiled Soya by Alok Mittal, Vibha Gajbe, and Jyoti Mittal. 3. Adsorption of basic dye (methylene blue) onto activated carbon prepared from rattan sawdust by B.H. Hameed*, A.L. Ahmad, K.N.A. Latiff. 4. A novel agricultural waste adsorbent for the removal of cationic dye from aqueous solutions by B.H. Hameed, R.R. Krishni, S.A. Sata.