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National Symbols

Americans Flag
The United States flag is red, white, and blue. The fifty stars represent the fifty states. The thirteen red and white stripes represent the first thirteen colonies It said that the flag would be made up of thirteen alternating red and white stripes and thirteen white stars on a blue field. Stars have been added to the flag as new states join the union. Currently, the flag contains 50 stars.

Why stars and stripes? Stars are considered a symbol of the heavens and the divine goal to which man has aspired from time immemorial; the stripe is symbolic of the rays of light emanating from the sun.

White: Signifies purity and innocence Red: Signifies valor and bravery Blue: Signifies Vigilance, perseverance, and justice

United States Flag


The United States flag today.

Betsy Ross Flag

The 50th star was added on July 4, 1960 for Hawaii, which entered the Union on August 21, 1959.

The Great Seal

On July 4, 1776, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson were given the task of creating a seal for the United States of America. Seal would be a symbol of an independent nation and a free people Parts of the Seal

Great Seal
Do you see a pattern of thirteen in the Great Seal? 13 stars in the crest above the eagle 13 stripes in the shield upon the eagle's breast 13 arrows in the eagle's left claw 13 olives and leaves in the eagles' right claw 13 letters in the motto carried by the eagle, E Pluribus Unum

Why thirteen? Thirteen represents the first thirteen states - Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania

Great Seal - Back


Annuit Coeptis, meaning "He favors our undertakings.
Eye of Providence 1776 New Order of the Ages." It refers to 1776 as the beginning of the American new era. The Great Seal can be seen on the back of a one-dollar bill.

Eagle
The bald eagle is a large, powerful, brown bird with a white head and tail. The term "bald" does not mean that this bird lacks feathers. Instead, it comes from the word piebald, an old word, meaning "marked with white. The bald eagle was made the national bird of the United States in 1782. The image of the bald eagle can be found in many places in the U.S Great Seal, Fed.

Liberty Bell

Liberty Bell
Cast in London, England in 1752 The Liberty Bell rang when the Continental Congress signed the Declaration of Independence It become the symbol of freedom in the United States. The bell weighs about 2000 pounds and is made mostly of copper (70%) and tin (25%). Shortly after its arrival in Philadelphia the Bell cracked. Local craftsmen recast the bell 2 times using the metal from the old bell, but it still cracked. Today, the Liberty Bell hangs in Philadelphia at the Liberty Bell Pavilion on Market Street for all to see and is still gently rung each July 4th..

Oak Tree
The oak was designated as the official national tree in 2004. Americans of all ages and from all walks of life helped to choose the oak tree as a national symbol through a vote hosted by The National Arbor Day Foundation (arborday.org). Passage of the bill was led by Congressman Bob Goodlatte of Virginia and Senator Ben Nelson of Nebraska. As part of the selection process, people were invited to vote for one of 21 candidate trees. These candidates were based on broad tree categories (genera) that included the state trees of all 50 states and the District of Columbia (or, the voter could choose to write in any other tree selection). More than 60 species of oak grow in the United States, which makes it our most widespread hardwood tree. The oak is cherished for it's beauty, abundant shade, and top-quality lumber. Senator Nelson said: "It is a fine choice to represent our nation's strength, as it grows from just an acorn into a powerful entity whose many branches continue to strengthen and reach skyward with every passing year."

National Flower Rose


The rose was designated the official flower and floral emblem of the United States of America in 1986. The rose has been around for about 35 million years and grows naturally throughout North America. The petals and rose hips are edible and have been used in medicines since ancient times. Symbol of love, beauty, war, and politics throughout the world. The flowers are generally red, pink, white, or yellow.

In God We Trust
In 1956 the President approved a Joint Resolution of the 84th Congress declaring IN GOD WE TRUST the national motto of the United States. Most Americans are only familiar with the first verse of Francis Scott Key's 1814 poem The Star Spangled Banner, but the fourth verse includes: And this be our motto: "In God

is our trust."

IN GOD WE TRUST first appeared on the 1864 two-cent coin. The motto has been in continuous use on the one-cent coin since 1909, and on the ten-cent coin since 1916. It also has appeared on all gold coins and silver dollar coins, halfdollar coins, and quarter-dollar coins struck since July 1, 1908.

Uncle Sam

The exact origins of Uncle Sam as a symbol for the United States are unknown. But the most widely accepted theory is that Uncle Sam was named after Samuel Wilson. Samuel Wilson was a businessman from Troy, NY. He supplied the U.S. Army with beef in barrels. The barrels were labeled "U.S." When asked what the initials stood for, one of Wilson's workers said it stood for Uncle Sam Wilson. The suggestion that the meat shipments came from "Uncle Sam" led to the idea that Uncle Sam symbolized the Federal Government and the association stuck. In 1961, Congress passed a resolution that recognized Samuel Wilson as the inspiration for the symbol Uncle Sam. Thomas Nast, a political cartoonist drew the first Uncle Sam. The most famous picture of Uncle Sam appeared on an Army recruiting poster. The poster was designed in World War I, and was used again in World War II. The caption reads "I Want You for U.S. Army." James Montgomery Flagg drew this picture, and served as the model too!

Statue of Liberty
Symbol of Freedom Dedicated in 1886, "Liberty Enlightening the World" (known as The Statue of Liberty) is a gift from France to the United States of America to commemorate the 100-year anniversary of the birth of liberty in the US. and the end of slavery after the Civil War. She has since become a universal symbol of freedom, embraced by advocates of self-government the world over. The Statue of Liberty has welcomed over 12 million immigrants entering the USA through New York harbor. She is now visited yearly by millions of admirers from all corners of the Earth.

Lincoln Memorial
Located on the National Mall in Washington, DC. The memorial, which was built between 1914 and 1922, symbolizes his belief that all people should be free. The columns surrounding the walls stand for the 36 states in the Union at the time of Lincolns death. The names of the 48 states in the Union (when the memorial was completed in 1922) are carved on the walls along the outside of the memorial. A plaque honoring Alaska and Hawaii is in the approach plaza. The chamber also houses two huge stone tables, one engraved with Lincolns Second Inaugural Address, and the other with the Gettysburg Address. Two murals represent the principles of freedom, justice, unity, brotherhood, and charity.

Jefferson Memorial

The Thomas Jefferson Memorial is a Presidential memorial in Washington, D.C. dedicated to Thomas Jefferson, an American founding Father and the third President of United States. The neoclassical building was designed by the architect John Russel pope and built by the Philadelpia contractor John McShain. Construction of the building began in 1938 and was completed in 1943. The bronze statue of Jefferson was added in 1947.

Washington Memorial

Washington Monument
George Washington was the first president of the United States of America. He was the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. We celebrate his birthday on February 22 with a holiday. The Washington Monument in Washington, D. C. was built in honor of his memory. Located in Washington, DC, at the end of the National Mall. This four-sided stone structure (modeled after a classic Egyptian obelisk. At 555 feet 5 1/8 inches (169.29 meters) high. It is one of the tallest masonry structures in the world.

Fifty flags surround the base of the Washington Monument and symbolize the 50 states of the Union. The cornerstone for the monument was laid on July 4, 1848. Opened to the public on October 9, 1888. In total, there are 36,491 stones.

White House
Home of the President

Supreme Court Building

Mount Rushmore

In the Black Hills of South Dakota, stands the national memorial, Mount Rushmore, created by Gutzon Borglum. It was designed as a testament to the growth of the country and its great leaders. This magnificent rock carving depicts the 60-foot high (18.3 m) faces of four great U.S. Presidents.

Presidents

George Washington

Teddy Roosevelt Abraham Thomas Jefferson Lincoln

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