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Industrial Engineering lab

Staff in charge: V.N Kulkarni Lab instructor: J.M.Khandal

Introduction
• Industrial Engineering is concerned with the design, improvement & installation of integrated systems of people, materials, equipments & energy.

• It draws upon specialized knowledge and skill in the mathematical, physical and social sciences together with the principles and methods of engineering analysis and evaluate the results to be obtained from such systems.

. through studies.Introduction • Its main task is to design and redesign. • Industrial engineering has basically been concerned with the improvement of whatever has been designed and/or evaluated. analysis and evaluation of the various components that make up the manmachine system.

. This laboratory introduces many opportunities to improve the interface between the human operator and the workplace.Introduction • Course in Work Design introduces students to Human Factors (Ergonomics) through various hands-on experiments. The analysis of human work is accomplished using analytical techniques of work measurement as well as methods for analyzing the motions required to perform the work.

• WORK STUDY First technique applied for increasing productivity. Considered as a valuable tool in increasing productivity. • Definition: Work study is a generic term for the techniques of method study and work measurement. They lead systematically to the investigation of all the factors which affect the efficiency and economy at the work place in order to affect improvement.Introduction • A significant component of industrial engineering is work study. . • These techniques are used in the examination of human work in all its contexts.

• Work measurement: it is the application of the techniques designed to establish the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance. .METHOD STUDY • Method study is the technique of systematic recording and critical examination of existing and proposed ways of doing work and developing an easier and economical method.

Improvement of manufacturing processes and procedures. Improvement of plant layout and work place layout. 7. 8. Improvement of working conditions. machines and manpower. Reducing material handling 6. 9. Improvement in the utility of material.Objectives of Method Study 1. 3. 5. Standardization of method. Improvement in safety standard. 2. Improvement of plant and equipment design. 4. Reducing the human effort and fatigue. .

Maintain the new method by regular checking.BASIC PROCEDURE FOR METHOD STUDY 1. Define the new method. 3. 2. Install the new method 7. 4. Examine the above facts critically. Record all facts about the method by direct observation. Select the work to be studied. . Develop the most efficient and economic method. 6. 5.

(c) Technical factors. Select • While selecting a job for doing method study. the following factors are considered: (a) Economical factors.1. (b) Human factors. .

generally the following jobs are selected. (a) Operations having bottlenecks (which hold up other production activities). (c) Operations having a great amount of manual work. (b) Operations done repetitively. (d) Operations where materials are moved for a long distance. Based on the economical factors. . Then only the study will be worthwhile.(a) Economical Factors • The money saved as a result of method study should be sufficiently more.

The fear of unemployment. The fear of increased work load. trade unions etc.workers. the study should be postponed. 2. • Workers may resist method study due to 1. The fear of reduction in wages. 3. supervisor. Then if they do not accept method study. .(b) Human Factors • The method study will be successful only with the co-operation of all people concerned viz. .

Every machine tool will have its own capacity. Beyond this. In this case. These types of technical factors should be considered. a work study man feels that speed of the machine tool may be increased and HSS tool may be used. it cannot be improved. • For example. . the suggestion of the work study man cannot be implemented.(c) Technical Factors • To improve the method of work all the technical details about the job should be available. But the capacity of the machine may not permit increased speed.

transport. This is done by directly observing the work. storage and delay. . • Symbols are used to represent the activities like operation.2. Record • All the details about the existing method are recorded. inspection.

They are: 1. Operation process chart: All the operations and inspections are recorded. 2.Different charts and diagrams are used in recording. . Flow process chart (a) Man type All the activities of man are recorded (b) Material type All the activities of the material are recorded (c) Equipment type All the activities of equipment or machine are recorded.

4. 6.3. Flow diagram: This is drawn to suitable scale. Two-handed process chart: Motions of both lands of worker are Right hand-Left hand chart recorded independently. Path of flow of material in the shop is recorded. 5. . Multiple activity chart: Activities of a group of workers doing a single job or the activities of a single worker operating a number of machines are recorded. String diagram: The movements of workers are recorded using a string in a diagram drawn to scale.

Examine • Critical examination is done by questioning technique. • The individual activity is examined by putting a number of questions. This step comes after the method is recorded by suitable charts and diagrams.3. .

if possible. Sequence – -do4. Place – To combine or re-arrange the activities. 2.The following factors are questioned 1. Person – -do5. 3. Purpose – To eliminate the activity. . Means – To simplify the activity.

Person – Who is doing it? Why does that person do it? Who else could do it? Who should do it? 5. Sequence – When is it done? Why is it done then? When could it be done? When should it be done? 4. Place – Where is it being done? Why is it done there? Where else could it be done? Where should it be done? 3.The following sequence of questions is used 1. Purpose – What is actually done? Why is it done? What else could be done? What should be done? 2. Means – How is it done? Why is it done that way? How else could it be done? How should it be done? .

By doing above questioning • Unwanted activities can be eliminated • Number of activities can be combined or rearranged • Method can be simplified. . • All these will reduce production time.