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Leadership in Islam

Definition

Lead to achieve an objective and Compete to be ahead of others to seek the pleasure of Allah and succe in hereafter. Why?

ُ‫م أ‬ ً‫م‬ ً ‫س‬ َ‫ك‬ ْ‫ع‬ ْ‫ع‬ َ‫ل‬ َ ‫م‬ ُ ‫علَ ْي‬ ُ‫ي‬ َّ ‫علَى ال‬ ُ ‫نوا‬ ُ ‫كو‬ ُ‫ت‬ َ ِ ‫طا ل‬ ُ ‫نا‬ َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ َ ِ ‫ذل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ًا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫الر‬ ‫ك‬ ‫و‬ ‫اس‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ء‬ ‫َا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ش‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ك‬ َ‫ون‬ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ ْ ُ ْ ِ ِ َ َ َ ً َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ ْ َّ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ِ ‫ب ْي‬ ِ َ ‫سول‬ ‫على‬ ‫ك‬ ‫و َّإِنْ كانت ل‬ ‫م‬ ‫يت‬ ‫ع‬ َ ‫يرً إِال‬ َ ‫ب‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ِ ‫عق‬ َ ُ َ ‫على‬ َ ‫ِب‬ ُ ‫ينقل‬ َ ْ‫ن‬ َّ ‫م‬ ُ ‫الر‬ َّ َّ ‫ع‬ ُ‫ب‬ َ ْ‫من‬ َ ‫م‬ ْ َّ ‫ها إِال لِن‬ َ ‫عل ْي‬ َ ‫قِ ْبلة التِي كنت‬ َ ‫ذل‬ ِ ِ َّ َ َّ َ ِ‫ض‬ ِ ‫م‬ ‫ِي‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ر‬ ‫وف‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اس‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫إ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ ‫إ‬ ‫يع‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫َى‬ ‫د‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ َ‫ان‬ َ َ‫ِين‬ َ َ ُ ٌ َ ٌ ُ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ْ َ ِ َ ُ ُ Thus, have We made of you an Ummat justly balanced, that ye might witnesses over the nations, and the Messenger a witness over yourselve and We appointed the Qibla to which thou wast used, only to test thos who followed the Messenger from those who would turn on their heels (From the Faith). Indeed it was (A change) momentous, except to thos guided by Allah. And never would Allah Make your faith of no effect. For Allah is to all people Most surely full of kindness, Most Merciful. 002.143 (Al-Baqara) Levels: Personal Jamaah Society Global

Part I- Characteristics of a Leader
Definition  Pre-requisites  Qualities/Characteristics

– Personal – Interpersonal

Definition of a Leader
A Leader is one who:
Organizes

–Physical assets –Intellectual assets
Provides

guidance

Influences

–Actions –Behaviors Achieves set goals

 Al-Qur'an. if We establish them in the land. 022. enjoin the right and forbid wrong: with Allah rests the end (and decision) of (all) affairs. establish regular prayer and give regular charity.Quran on leadership َّ ‫وآ َتوُ ا‬ َّ ‫ك‬ َّ ‫م‬ َ ‫الز‬ َ َ‫ض أ‬ َ ‫كا‬ َ ‫قامُوا الصَّال‬ ُ ‫نا‬ ‫ة‬ ِ ‫م‬ ِ َّ‫ال‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ْ‫ين إِن‬ َ ‫ذ‬ ِ ْ‫في األر‬ ْ‫ه‬ َ َّ ْ ْ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ْ‫ع‬ ُ ‫ُور‬ ‫م‬ ‫األ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫َلِل‬ ‫و‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫ُوف‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ُوا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫وأ‬ ِ ِ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ ِ ِ (They are) those who.041 (Al-Hajj [The Pilgrimage]) .

Al-Qur'an. 6.165 (Al-Anaam) .Quran ُ‫ض‬ ُ‫ل‬ َ‫ع‬ َ ‫م‬ َ‫ر‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫ف ْو‬ ٍ ‫جا‬ ‫ت‬ ِ ‫خال‬ ِ َّ‫ُو ال‬ ٍ ْ‫ق َبع‬ َ ‫ر‬ َ َ‫ض د‬ َ ْ‫ع َبع‬ َ‫ف‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫ض‬ َ ‫ئ‬ َ‫ج‬ َ ‫ذي‬ َ ‫وه‬ َ ِ ْ‫ف األر‬ ْ‫ك‬ ْ‫ك‬ ْ ‫ع‬ ُ ُ ُ َ ‫ه‬ َّ ِ‫وإ‬ َ‫ع‬ َ َ‫ل‬ ٌ ‫غفُو‬ ‫م‬ ُ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ري‬ ‫س‬ ‫َّك‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫إ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ف‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫و‬ ‫لِ َي ْبل‬ َّ‫ن‬ ِ ‫ر‬ ِ ‫قا‬ ِ ‫ال‬ ِ َ ‫ر‬ َ ‫ب‬ َ َ َ َ َ ٌ ‫حي‬ ْ ْ ِ ِ It is He Who hath made you (His) agents. Most Merciful. inheritors of the earth: He hath raised you in ranks. some above others: that He may try you in the gifts He hath given you: for thy Lord is quick in punishment: yet He is indeed Oft-forgiving.

Al-Qur'an. But the Mercy of thy Lord is better than the (wealth) which they amass.Leadership in Qur’an ْ ‫في‬ ْ ‫م َي‬ َ‫م‬ َ ‫عي‬ َ ُ‫ِّك َنحْ ن‬ ُّ ‫ة ال‬ ‫د ْن َيا‬ ُ ‫ش َت‬ ُ ‫سمْ َنا َب ْي َن‬ ُ َ‫أ‬ ِ ‫ح َيا‬ ِ ‫م‬ ِ‫م‬ ِ ‫ق‬ َ ‫ال‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫ق‬ َ ‫رب‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ْ‫رح‬ َ ‫ُون‬ َ ‫سم‬ ْ‫ه‬ ْ‫ه‬ ْ‫ه‬ َ‫خ‬ ًّ ‫ر‬ ْ ‫ضا س‬ َّ ‫ت لِ َي‬ َ ‫م‬ َ‫ر‬ َ ‫ف ْو‬ ً ْ‫م َبع‬ ٍ ‫جا‬ ‫يا‬ ُ‫ض‬ ُ ْ‫ذ َبع‬ ُ‫ض‬ ِ ‫ت‬ ٍ ْ‫ق َبع‬ َ ‫ر‬ َ َ‫ض د‬ َ ْ‫فعْ َنا َبع‬ َ‫و‬ َ ْ‫ه‬ ْ‫ه‬ ِ ‫ُخ‬ ُ‫م‬ َ ‫ِّك‬ ٌ ‫خ ْي‬ ‫ُون‬ ِ ‫ر‬ َ ‫مع‬ َ ْ‫ممَّا َيج‬ َ ‫رب‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ْ‫رح‬ َ‫و‬ َ Is it they who would portion out the Mercy of thy Lord? It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in the life of this world: and We raise some of them above others in ranks. so that some may command work from others. 043.032 (Az-Zukhruf) .

َّ ‫صيَّى‬ َّ ‫ه‬ َّ ‫ذ‬ ُ ‫َع‬ َّ َ‫أ‬ ُ ِْ ْ َ‫عي‬ ْ‫ع‬ ‫ه‬ ُ ُ٘‫ٌ يَق‬ ُ ُ٘‫ش يَق‬ َ ُ‫َّللا‬ َ ‫َّللاِ ب‬ َ‫ب‬ َ ُ َ ٗ َ ِ‫َّللا‬ َ ُ٘‫سس‬ َ ‫ْج‬ َ ‫ه‬ ََ ِ‫ي‬ ِ‫س‬ َ ٔ َ َّ‫سي‬ َ‫ع‬ ُّ ُّ ْ ُ ُ ُ ُ ُ ْ‫ع‬ ْ ْ ٍ ْ ٌ ُ٘‫سئ‬ َّ ٌ ٔ ‫س‬ ً ‫ب‬ ٍ ‫اْل‬ ٔ ‫خ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ع‬ ‫س‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ‫ه‬ ٘ ‫ئ‬ ‫س‬ ٍ ٌ ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ ‫م‬ ٗ ‫اع‬ ‫س‬ ٌ ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ ‫م‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ َ ِ َ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ِ‫عيَّخ‬ ِ ‫س‬ ِ ِ ِ ُ َ ‫اع‬ َ َٗ َ َ ِ ٍ ٍ َ ْ َ ْ‫ع‬ ْ ‫اع فِي أ‬ ْ َ‫عيَتٌ فِي ب‬ ْ ٍ ٌ ُ٘‫سئ‬ َّ ‫ٗاى‬ ‫ج‬ ‫س‬ ُ ‫ج‬ ُ ‫ش‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ُ‫َشْ أة‬ َ ِ َ ‫و‬ ِ ‫ي‬ ِ ‫سا‬ ِ ِ‫عيَّخ‬ ِ ‫س‬ ِ ِ‫ٕي‬ َ ٔ َ ُٕٗ َ ٔ َ َ ‫ٗاى‬ َ ٘ ٍ ْ ٌ ْ‫ع‬ ْ َ َ ْ ٍ ْ ٍ ٌ ُ٘‫سئ‬ َّ ِ ‫س‬ ً ‫د‬ ‫ب‬ ‫خ‬ ‫اى‬ ٗ ‫ب‬ ٖ ‫خ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ع‬ ‫س‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ‫سئُ٘ىَت‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ْ‫ص‬ َ ‫به‬ َ َ َ ِ‫ذ‬ ِ ِّ‫سي‬ ِ ِ ِ ُ َ ٓ َ َ ‫جَٖب‬ ِ ٍ ِ ٗ َٗ َ ‫اع فِي‬ َٗ ٍ َ ُ ‫سب‬ َ َ ْ‫ع‬ ْ ْ ْ ٍ ٌ ُ٘‫سئ‬ َّ ِ ‫س‬ ‫و‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ش‬ ‫اى‬ ٗ ‫ه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ق‬ ُ ‫ْج أ‬ ُ ُ َ ‫ه‬ َ َ َ ٗ َ ‫ٔ قَب‬ َ ِ ‫به أَبِي‬ ِ ‫ح‬ ِ ِ‫عيَّخ‬ ِ ‫س‬ َ ٔ َ َ ‫ه‬ ِ ٍ َٗ َ ‫اع فِي‬ ٍ ُّ ُ ‫مي‬ ُٗ ْ‫ع‬ ْ ٍ ٌ ُ٘‫سئ‬ ٔ َ ‫ه‬ َ ِ َ ٌ ْ‫ن‬ َ ِ ِ‫عيَّخ‬ ِ ‫س‬ ِ ِ‫عيَّخ‬ ِ ‫س‬ َ ‫اع‬ َ ٔ َٗ ٍ ‫س‬ “Behold! Everyone of you is a leader and you shall be asked about those you lead. Leadership in Hadith . a man is a leader of the house and shall be asked about his household . a woman is a leader over her children and she shall be asked about them. Imam is a leader over the people and shall be asked about them.” (Reported Abdullah Ibn Omar in Bukhari and Muslim ).

‫‪Hadith – Significance of Jamaah‬‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫عِْي ا ْ‬ ‫ش يَ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫عت َ َ‬ ‫بَ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ه قَب َ‬ ‫ٔ قَب َ‬ ‫سبِي َ‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫ِ أَبِي ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫بِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫س ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ٍ َ‬ ‫عي َ ْ‬ ‫ٗى َ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ٔ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫س‬ ‫ٗ‬ ‫ٔ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ع‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ص‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫سسُ٘ ُ‬ ‫ج َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ي َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫يِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫بث َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ َ َ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫ٍْ‬ ‫ٕيِيَّتً فَئ ِ ْ‬ ‫ُ َ‬ ‫ٍ َ‬ ‫ِ بَ ْ‬ ‫ذَٕب فِي‬ ‫ذ َ‬ ‫طَب َ‬ ‫خي َ َ‬ ‫ٍيخَتً َ‬ ‫قِ‬ ‫عِ‬ ‫عَٖب ِ‬ ‫جب ِ‬ ‫بث ِ‬ ‫عت َ‬ ‫ي َّ‬ ‫جت ٌ‬ ‫س ْ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ٗى َ ْ‬ ‫ح َّ‬ ‫ج ىَُٔ ُ‬ ‫س َ‬ ‫ي َ‬ ‫ٗحَ َ‬ ‫َّللاَ حَبَب َ‬ ‫عُْقِ ِ‬ ‫عبىَى َ‬ ‫ك َ‬ ‫ٔ ىَقِ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َب اى َّ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫يطَ ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫شْ‬ ‫وُّ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫بُ‬ ‫ٖ‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ئ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ٔ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ح‬ ‫َل‬ ‫ة‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫ج‬ ‫س‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫٘‬ ‫ي‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫َل‬ ‫َل‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫عُ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ أَ ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ث‬ ‫اَل‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫٘‬ ‫ٕ‬ ‫ٗ‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫اح‬ ‫٘‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫بُ‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ش‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ئ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ً‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫َل‬ ‫َ‬ ‫بَ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫إِ َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫شْ‬ ‫ءْ‬ ‫ٍْ‬ ‫ٍْ‬ ‫ٌٍ‬ ‫س َّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ح َ‬ ‫حٔ ُ َ‬ ‫ٗ َ‬ ‫حٔ ُ َ‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫ؤِ‬ ‫٘ ُ‬ ‫سَْخُُٔ فَُٖ َ‬ ‫سيِّئَخُُٔ َ‬ ‫سب َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫يٌ‬ ‫ٓ إِيَّبَٕب فِي ُ‬ ‫ِ بَ ْ‬ ‫سْ‬ ‫ٔ‬ ‫ه ُ‬ ‫ذ َ‬ ‫عَ‬ ‫ح َ‬ ‫قَب َ‬ ‫عُْقِ ِ‬ ‫ذِ‬ ‫قِ‬ ‫‪Musnad Ahmad‬‬ .

Best and worst amongst‬‬ ‫‪the leaders‬‬ ‫ُ٘ه َّ‬ ‫صيَّى َّ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫عيَ ْ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ل َ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّللاُ َ‬ ‫ٍبىِ ٍ‬ ‫ِ َ‬ ‫َّللاِ َ‬ ‫ٌ قَب َ‬ ‫ٗ َ‬ ‫٘ ِ‬ ‫يِ‬ ‫ٔ َ‬ ‫سس ِ‬ ‫ِْ َ‬ ‫سيَّ َ‬ ‫فب ِ‬ ‫يُ‬ ‫ُحبَُّّ٘ ُ‬ ‫َخِ ُ‬ ‫عيَ ْ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫خيَب ُ‬ ‫ُ٘ َ‬ ‫صيُّ َ‬ ‫ز َ‬ ‫نْ‬ ‫ٗيُ َ‬ ‫نْ‬ ‫حبَُُّّٖ٘ ْ‬ ‫نْ‬ ‫ٗي ِ‬ ‫يِ حُ ِ‬ ‫ٌ اىَّ ِ‬ ‫س أَئِ َّ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ٌ َ‬ ‫ٌ َ‬ ‫َخِ ُ‬ ‫يِ حُ ْ‬ ‫عيَ ْ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫شا ُ‬ ‫ز َ‬ ‫ُ٘ َ‬ ‫صيُّ َ‬ ‫غضَُُّٖ٘ ْ‬ ‫نْ‬ ‫شَ‬ ‫ْٖ‬ ‫ٗحُ َ‬ ‫بِ‬ ‫ٌ اىَّ ِ‬ ‫س أَئِ َّ‬ ‫ٗ ِ‬ ‫ٌ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫يِ‬ ‫ه َّ‬ ‫عَُّْ٘ ُ‬ ‫غضَُّ٘ ُ‬ ‫َّللاِ أَفَ َ‬ ‫ٗيُ ْ‬ ‫َل‬ ‫سسُ٘ َ‬ ‫و يَب َ‬ ‫ٌ قِي َ‬ ‫نْ‬ ‫ٗيَ ْي َ‬ ‫عَُُّْٖ٘ ْ‬ ‫ٗحَ ْي َ‬ ‫نْ‬ ‫بِ‬ ‫ٌ َ‬ ‫ٌ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َُّْببِ ُ‬ ‫ٍ٘ا فِي ُ‬ ‫ٗإِ َ‬ ‫ٌ اىص َ‬ ‫ه َ‬ ‫سأَ ْ‬ ‫ٌ بِبى َّ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫يخُ ْ‬ ‫را َ‬ ‫نْ‬ ‫ْف فَقَب َ‬ ‫زُٕ ْ‬ ‫سي ِ‬ ‫ٍب أَقَب ُ‬ ‫ََّلةَ َ‬ ‫َل َ‬ ‫شَُُّٕ٘ٔ فَب ْ‬ ‫يئًب حَ ْ‬ ‫َل حَ ْ‬ ‫َلحِ ُ‬ ‫َٗ‬ ‫َٗ‬ ‫ٍْ‬ ‫ٌ َ‬ ‫ض ُ‬ ‫ع٘ا يَ ً‬ ‫شْ‬ ‫ذا‬ ‫شُٕ٘ا َ‬ ‫ِ ُ‬ ‫مَ‬ ‫نَ‬ ‫نْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َئَُ َ‬ ‫عَ‬ ‫ْ ِ‬ ‫ٍْ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ِ طَب َ‬ ‫عٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪Muslim: 3447‬‬ .‫‪Hadith.

‫‪Hadith.Obedience of Ameer‬‬ ‫ه َّ‬ ‫صيَّى َّ‬ ‫عْ‬ ‫ِْ ُ‬ ‫عيَ ْ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫سسُ٘ ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َّللاُ َ‬ ‫ه َ‬ ‫ه قَب َ‬ ‫ش قَب َ‬ ‫ََ‬ ‫َّللاِ َ‬ ‫ٗ َ‬ ‫يِ‬ ‫ٔ َ‬ ‫عَ‬ ‫سيَّ َ‬ ‫ِ اب ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َّ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫شْ‬ ‫بَّ‬ ‫اى َّ‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ٗ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫س‬ ‫َ‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ء‬ ‫َ‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ٗاىط‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٍب ىَ ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫سْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ع َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫شَٓ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫عتَ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َٗ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ت فَئِ ْ‬ ‫يْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ٔ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ع‬ ‫َ‬ ‫س‬ ‫َل‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ْص‬ ‫ع‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫َل طَب َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ْصيَ ٍ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َع ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُأ َِ‬ ‫ٍشْ بِ َ‬ ‫ُؤ َ‬ ‫ذ ٌ‬ ‫َٕٗ َ‬ ‫سٌ‬ ‫‪Tirmidhi‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ح َ‬ ‫يث َ‬ ‫زا َ‬ ‫حِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫حي ٌ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ص ِ‬ .

” (Abu Dawood) “Listening to and obeying ( the commands of the leader) is obligatory upon a Muslim whether he likes it or not as long as it is not in the disobedience of Allah (SWT). Tirmizi) “If one dies and there is no ring of Bayah (pledge of allegiance) in his neck.When a command is given in the disobedience of Allah (SWT). to listen (to the leaders). .” (Ahmad . he disobeyed me. then there is no listening and no obedience. he died in jahiliyyah ( that is out of Islam.” (Bukhari and Muslim). “Whenever three of you are traveling. he obeyed me and whosoever disobeyed the leader. to obey (the leader’s orders).” (Muslim) “I order you of five things: to be with Al Jamaah.). (Muslim).Leadership in Hadith Prophet (SAW) said the following regarding leadership in an Islamic Jamaah: “Whosoever obeyed the leader. you should elect one as your leader. Hijrah (migration) and Jihad .

” – Unknown “Real Leadership does not demand allegiance….” – Proverb “The authority of a group is no stronger than the Leader who leads it.Leadership.” -Dwight D Eisenhower “If you wish to know what a man is.Quotes “Leadership: The art of getting someone else to do something you want done by making him believe he wants to do it.it earns it” “To be a leader one must be trustworthy…to be trustworthy. one must be truthful” .. place him in authority.

Pre-requisites  Ta’aluq Billah – Taqwah – No desire .

Creates a vision of the future .Qualities of effective leadership Influence .Rational strategy to move to the vision -Enlists the support of workers –Ability to motivate core group of people Authority –Clear authority must be given by the people and/or by the by-laws Respect & Popularity (due to character and conduct) .

 Quality and atmosphere of the Jamaah.  Quality of the workers.  .The effectiveness of leadership depends on the following: Personality and character of the leader.

 Leader is the driving force for the Jamaah.  Leader is the center of authority.The importance of the personality and characteristics of a leader: Leader is the symbol of the organization and represents its nature and quality.  .

. Taqwah with excellent conduct and character. close relation with Allah (SWT) B. love of the Prophet (SAW). This is to be done through a constant struggle to develop: A.Detailed Characteristics 1. Sahaba and Ulama C. concern and fear of the accountability in the Akhirah.

Know the circumstances and makes an appropriate strategy D. Understanding the specific thinking and situation of individuals and deal with them at their level. Knowing how to perform best with the best abilities and talents and deal with the difficulties in the way C. Wisdom (hikmah) includes the following: A. .2. Knowledge and practice of Islam. B. administrative experience. In depth understanding of the deen and its application in the changing environment. and wisdom (hikmah) of leadership.

analysis. integrity and trustworthiness.. He should have the critical skills of leadership.3. 5. He must have true love and priority for his mission and the Jamaah. coaching. recognizing the potentials. with history of selfless service. And must be an example of utmost sacrifice for this mission. delegation. i. Establishing Al Islam is the true objective of his life. 4. Honesty .e. observation. Competence. . feed back.

8. 11. 7. Decision making ability after appropriate consultation and then ability to implement the decision.6. 10. write and use modern techniques of communication. 9. Ability to motivate and discipline when necessary. Ability to speak. Good physical health. He should be flexible in his attitude with Hikmah depending upon the situation but he should be firm in his decisions and zeal to move to the objectives. Humility and recognition of his limitations. .

grouping.false accusation and reporting f. Considering him perfect or better than others.evil najwah g.suspicion about others d. This can lead to: a.discouragement of muhasiba b-jealousy c. Seek recognition and notoriety. Desire to seek leadership or other benefits. .backbiting e.Characteristics that should not exist     Pride and arrogance.

grouping. b.blames weaknesses of the individuals and the Jamaah as the reason for his inactivity .lack of activity c. Weak determination. It leads to: a. gives excuses e. This leads to: a.  Imbalance in thoughts and actions.extremism and unnecessary insistence upon one’s opinion and condemning other’s viewpoint c-unpleasant argumentation d.giving priority to other personal matters d.looking at one side of the issue b.lack of interest in the work of the Jamaah.when asked .

intolerance to others opinion f. (Shuh Nafs) .unnecessary criticism of others stands e.bitterness in the relations and mutual arguments and insights.This can express itself as a-ignoring one’s mistakes but not forgiving other’s b-considers his difficulties important but other’s difficulties are just excuses c-enforcing one’s liking upon others but not give any value to others liking d. 20% workers accomplish 80% work and 80% of workers accomplish 20% work. Narrow-mindedness. . In any organization.

Atmosphere In every Jama’t an atmosphere must be developed and/or maintained by its leadership .

regular. – Leadership has to allocate their attention depending upon the type of work. emergency.    Culture of the organization. Traditions established by other leaders in the Jamaah or organizations of similar nature.   Directions and expectations of the higher bodies ( Shura and the General Assembly).5 different elements which determine the atmosphere in a Jamaah. . or temporary work.e. Pressure of time. i. Type of work..

 Freedom of thought and Muhasibah  .3 Basic operational principles of Islamic leadership Shura  Justice and fairness in dealing with individuals and dispute solving.

when.  Implementation of plans.leader should chalk out a plan answering the what.This will include assignments and allocation of resources in order to carry out the plan which is meant to accomplish set goals. how and who questions.Responsibilities of Leadership  Participation This includes: Planning. where.  Follow up  .

 Communication Leader must communicate at three levels: With higher bodies  With workers  With experts of different fields  With different ages/ethnicities/genders   Problem Solving Leader must address problems: By proper place/time/setting/forum  With proper mutual understanding/consultation  With authority when necessary  .

 Develop resources and fulfill needs with those resources  Maintain discipline This includes: 1. Ways to strengthen Jama’t by strengthening membership ties Preventative measures Implement disciplinary action against violators appropriately-efficiently and effectively . 3. 2.

 Understanding of Workers – – – – – – Level of understanding Level of attachment Level of commitment Areas of interest Productive focuses Sensitivities leader must understand: .

Those who are less active may need motivation. . Those who violate the principles may need disciplinary action when appropriate. Workers who have the knowledge and experience like to work with some broad guidelines.Points to remember of workers      Some workers need clear guidelines for their assignment.

Styles of Leadership 4 Styles 1. 2. gives impression of being democratic and makes his own decisions. 4.issues orders to be fulfilled with no questions. .Democrat. minimizes communication and group interaction.has little confidence in himself.listens to others. Autocrat. sets no goals for the group. 3. explains reasons for personal decisions. objectively communicates criticism and praise.Shares decision making.Laissez-faire. Benevolent Autocrat.

announces it and then implements it. 2.Leader presents possible decision before the workers and with their consultation. 3.Leader makes his decision.7 Substyles Styles that are a combination of the above 4 types: 1.Leader tells his ideas to the workers and then through discussion implements his decision. he is willing to make some changes. 4. .Leader makes his decision and then tries to convince the workers.

consults the workers and then makes a collective decision.Leader tells the objective and then leaves up to the workers to discuss and make a decision. 7.5. . gets their opinion and then makes his decision. 6-Leader tells the objective.Leader tells the objective to the workers.

 Focus on concrete results  Build on strengths and not weaknesses  Concentrate on few major areas or priorities where consistent hard work will produce results  Put complete trust in Allah and be afraid of nothing.  .Positive leadership habits Know where your time goes.

Some “leaders” just follow the followers or a group of followers. is timid and is intimidated. has done no home work and says tell me what to do. One who wants to please everyone. .Who is not a leader?      One who comes to assembly unprepared. One who is not willing to take any risks. One who has no alternative plans or strategy to discuss.