You are on page 1of 19
Fabric Defect  Fabric defects are identified during the grey inspection of the fabric after weaving or knitting. Types of Fabric Defects  BAR A general term for a band running across the full width of the cloth due to difference in the appearance from its adjacent sites. Baggy A fabric which will not lie flat on the cutting table.  Barre An unintentional, repetitive visual pattern of continuous bars and stripes usually parallel to the filling of woven fabric or to the courses of circular knit fabric.  BROKEN PICK A pick missing from a portion of the width of the fabric due to rough shuttle-eyes.  Balk An incomplete color pattern in a striped or plaid fabric.  Bias Filling the filling yarns or the color pattern having a curvature from the imaginary line drawn straight between their extremities.  Chafe An area where the fabric has been damaged by abrasion or friction.  CUT WEFT A pinhole in the finished fabric caused by the use of weak weft with a strong warp.  Coarse End A warp yarn having a larger diameter than those normally being used in the fabric. Also called heavy end.  Colour Run The colour of one area has bled or superimposed on the color of another area.  End Out A warp yarn missing for the entire length of the cloth. Also called missing end.  Fine End Warp yarns having smaller diameter than those being normally used in the fabric. Also called as tight end.  FLOATS STITCHES A place in the fabric where warp and weft yarns escape the required interlacement due to entanglement of warp threads.  Fly loose fibers originating from without the fabric or foreign matter that have been woven into the fabric.  FUZZ BALLS Loose or frayed fibers originating from within the fabric that have formed tiny balls and have been woven into the fabric.  Fuzz Loose or frayed fibers originating from the yarns of the fabric.  HARNESS(WARP) SKIP Warp yarns appearing more or less continuously on the surface of the fabric due to non interlacement of weft yarns.  Hard Size An excessive quantity of size. Also called starch lump.  Hitch Back A distortion in the weave of a fabric characterized by tight ends abruptly followed by slack in some ends caused by the release of the strain causing the tight section. Also called drawback.  Jerked in Filling An extra pick dragged into the fabric with  LOOSE WARP ENDS Loose warp ends which appear like a reed mark are caused by loose ends which start to feed in just a trifle faster than the rest of the warp.  Kink A short length of yarn spontaneously doubled itself. Also called curl, kinky thread, looped yarn, snarl.  Mispick A pick woven in the wrong order with respect to the weave or color pattern, resulting in a break in the weave pattern.    Mixed yarn A yarn that differs from that normally being used in the fabric. PICK OUT MARKS A chaffed or fuzzy appearance caused by the attempt to remove a weaving defect.   MissReed A warp wise streak caused by the improper spacing of the ends across fabric. REED MARKS A ready cloth shows irregular spacing between groups of warp yarns across the width of the fabric caused by a damaged or defective reed.   SHUTTLE MARKS Widthwise warp yarns due to abrasion of warp yarns by shuttle. Shaded the color bleach is not uniform from one location to another.    Slub An abruptly thickened location in a yarn characterized by a softness in twist and more or less of short duration. STAINS Stains such as grease, rust etc occur due to poor material handling. Smash An area where the fabric has been ruptured by the simultaneous breaking of a large number of Tentering Marks Enlarged pinholes or distorted areas along the edge of the fabric to width during weaving.  TEMPLE MARK holes or surface disturbances along the selvage of the fabric. Due to bad or improperly adjusted temples.   UNEVEN FINISH The finish is not uniform from one location to another.  WRONG DRAW A departure from the continuity of the weave pattern caused by one or more ends weaving in the wrong order.  DEFECTIVE SELVEDGE      Pulled in selvedge: Caused due to isolated tight picks. Rugged or ragged selvedge: Caused due to the variations in tension of the selvedge ends. Slacked selvedge: Caused due the incorrect balance of cloth structure between the body and the selvedge. Tight selvedge: Caused due to incorrect balance of structure between body and selvedge, selvedge yarns woven at high tension. Uneven selvedge: Caused by the variation in weft tension, lack of control on number of selvedge