PLUMBING

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

PLUMBING SERVICES:-The piping systems inside the infrastructure for the provision of water supply, natural gas and sewage disposal from the Public health point of view with hygiene Environment can be called as “Plumbing”. Plumbing services are classified into mainly three branches. a) Drainage System:- It is a system in which includes all the piping, which conveys sewage, rainwater, or other liquid wastes to a legal point of disposal. It does not include the mains of a public sewer system, or a public sewage treatment or disposal plant. b) Water Supply System:- Domestic water supply system use basically means consumption of water by human being for purposes, such as drinking cooking, personal ablution, washing clothes, utensils and yards or rooms, and flushing toilets. c) Natural Gas Supply System:- Natural Gas Supply System is the network of pipe which is use to supply the gas from the central gas plants up to the kitchen in the buildings.

www.ramtech-corp.com

INTRODUCTION
DRAINAGE SYSTEM:

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

This is a building system in which all the human facial material from the W.C and the other waste water from all the fixtures in building area is collected from a network of Soil & waste pipes through gravity flow to the ground floor and will be disposed in the main city sewage systems. The waste water from the basements are collected at lower basement sump pit and pumped to the ground floor manhole from there same is driven out. Out side the building there is Final Inspection Chamber (FIC) and that chamber connected to Municipality Manhole. All the water flows to main sump through FIC only. Inside the building we have Gully trap, Manholes, Sediment collector, Sand trap etc., according to the design of drainage system.

www.ramtech-corp.com

Design Criteria
Basic Design Criteria:
Basically, drainage system can be designed based on the provision of piping arrangement to carry out the building sewage system to the public sewage system without affecting the environment. There are two basic systems of plumbing for building drainage as follows. • Single stack system • Double stack system Single stack system:

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

In this system of plumbing the wastes from all soil appliances are connected to one main soil stack, which is connected to building sewer. All traps of soil & waste appliances are completely ventilated through separate ventilating pipe/stack. Thus, it contains one soil cum waste stack and one ventilating stack. The Single stack system shall be preferred where the planning of a building provides for a suitable grouping of all soil and waste appliances and all are commonly taken to building sewer and further to the public sewer.

www.ramtech-corp.com

Design Criteria

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

Double stack system:

In this system of plumbing the soil and waste stacks are distinct and separate, the soil stacks shall be connected to building sewer line and waste stack shall be connected to building sewer through a trapped gully. All traps of soil & waste appliances are completely ventilated each through separate ventilating pipe/stack. Thus, it contains one soil stack, one waste stack and two ventilating stacks.
The Double stack system is advantageous where sullage (waste water) from waste appliances can be dealt separately for use in landscaping, for closet flushing only etc. The basic idea of the system is to separate the soil waste getting mixed with waste water inside the building.

www.ramtech-corp.com

Design Criteria
Venting System:
• Individual Vent • Common Vent Individual Vent: The simplest form of venting any trap or trapped fixture is an individual vent for each trap. Also popularly said as “Back vent”. A individual vent pipe is connected between the trap and the branch connection to the drainage system. The protecting vent should be between the fixture trap and the source of pressure fluctuations. Common Vent: Common vent is a combination of two individual vents. Individual vent is permitted to vent two traps or trapped fixture as a common vent. Common vent shall be provided for the fixtures being located in the same floor.

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization

www.ramtech-corp.com

ramtech-corp. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Drain: “Drain” means any pipe which carries waste water or waterborne wastes in a building drainage system.com . Sump: “sump” means a watertight tank which receives sewage or liquid waste and which is located the normal grade of the gravity system and must be emptied by mechanical means. main. Stack: “Stack” is a general term for any vertical line of soil. or stack. Flush Valve: “Flush valve” means a device located at the bottom of a flush tank for flushing water closets and similar fixtures. www.DEFINITIONS Branch: “Branch” means any part of the piping system other than a riser. waste. or vent piping extending through one or more stories.

ramtech-corp.DRAINAGE PIPES An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization In Drainage system contains different types of Pipes • Waste Pipe • Soil Pipe • Rain Water Pipe • Soil Vent Pipe • Waste Vent Pipe • Condensing Drain Pipe www.com .

bidets. lavatories. www. floor drains. • Rain Water Pipe (RWP): Rain Water pipe means carry the rain water collected in the premises of the building. drinking fountains and stand pipes in the same pipe.DESCRIPTION • Waste Pipe (WP): Waste pipe means a pipe which conveys only liquid waste free from fecal material An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization • Soil Pipe (SP): Soil pipe means a pipe which conveys the discharge of water closets or similar fixtures containing fecal material with or without the discharge of other fixtures to the building drain or building sewer.ramtech-corp. showers. bathtubs.com . The rain water collected on the roof of the building might cause dampness on the ceiling/walls. • Vent Pipe (VP): Vent Pipe which carries flow of air over the waste from kitchen sinks.

washing and food preparation needs of the occupants in a building including the requirements of water conservation.. Basic Plumbing Fixtures are.ramtech-corp. Sanitary fixtures should be made of smooth non-absorb materials and should be free from concealed fouling spaces. cleaning. The fixtures should be located in well-ventilated enclosures. • Water Closet (WC) • • • • • • Bidet (BDT) Bath Tub (BT) Urinal (UR) Shower Tray (ST) Wash Basin (WB) Kitchen Sink (KS) www.. a building has to be designed for adequate number of plumbing fixtures and fittings depending up on the type of occupancy and intensity of occupancy to satisfy the basic needs of the public and the environment.com .Plumbing Fixtures An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Plumbing fixtures & fittings are means of carrying out the waste due to sanitary. Hence.

Plumbing Fixtures • Water Closet (WC): An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization The purpose of a WC is to carry out the soil waste to the stack. European Water Closet Asian Water Closet www. WC shall be provided with flush valve/cistern. It is made up of a in-built trap with water seal which prevents the foul smell entering into the toilet.com . connector. Basically Water Closets are two types one is European Water Closet and another one is Asian Water Closet.ramtech-corp. seat and cover.

ramtech-corp.com . • Wall Hung Water Closet • Floor Mounted Water Closet An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Wall Hung Water Closet Floor Mounted Water Closet www.Plumbing Fixtures In European water closets are two types.

designed for external cleaning that directs the jet of water upward to the body. A bidet shall be provided with a water spray.com .ramtech-corp. www. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization • Bath Tub (BT): The purpose of BT is to carry out the bath water to the stack. overhead shower and hand shower. hot and cold mixer. drain with a trap. BT shall be provided with an in built over flow.Plumbing Fixtures • BIDET (BDT): The purpose of bidet is for the external cleaning of body associated with women.

It is provided with waste coupling with dome type grating trap with extension pipe. drain with trap. Shower shall be provided with overhead shower. push on/ off lever. www.Plumbing Fixtures • URINAL (UR): The purpose of urinal is for urination. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization • Shower Tray (ST): The purpose of the shower tray is to carry out the bath water to the stack. jets.ramtech-corp. hot and cold mixer. glass or synthetic enclosure to prevent water spillage to the dry area of the room.com . which is associated with men.

www. Sink shall be provided with hot and cold mixer. with or without pop up waste coupling and hot and cold mixer. WB shall be provided drain with a trap.Plumbing Fixtures • Wash Basin (WB): The purpose of a WB is to carry out the waste water to the stack.ramtech-corp. over flow passage. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization • Kitchen Sink (KS): The purpose of Kitchen sink is to carry out the domestic food waste generated to stack. drain with trap and overflow passage.com .

Plumbing Fixtures An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Note: Refer the Design drawing for Waste and Vent pipe sizes. www.com . If sizes are not available follow the above sizes.ramtech-corp.

com .ramtech-corp.Plumbing Fittings Types of Drains • Area Drain (AD) • • • • • Balcony Drain (BD) Floor Drain (FD) Funnel Floor Drain (FFD) Planter Drain (PD) Roof Drain (RD) An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Types of Clean Outs • Clean Out (CO) • Floor Clean Out (FCO) • Wall Clean Out (WCO) • Ground Clean Out (GCO) Types of Traps • Grease trap/Interceptor • Gully Trap www.

Plumbing Fixtures Area Drain means a receptacle designed to •Area Drain (AD): surface or storm water from an open area. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization collect Input Drawing Out Put Drawing Standard Detail www.ramtech-corp.com .

ramtech-corp.Plumbing Fixtures •Roof Drain (RD): Roof Drain means a drain to receive water collecting the surface of a roof and to discharge it into a leader or conductor.com . An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization on Input Drawing Out Put Drawing Standard Detail www.

(kitchen.com . Gully traps are buried in the ground with the tops or surround raised above ground level to prevent ground water entering into the sewer. fats and grease directly into the sewerage system.) designed based on the differential densities and viscosity's of the liquid to prevent discharge of oils. www.Plumbing Fixtures • Grease trap/Interceptor: Grease interceptor is a plumbing fitting that separates the grease entering into the sewer system. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Location: Generally located at plumbing fixture waste line. Location: Generally located at ground level with water seal to prevent foul gases spreading into the atmosphere from the sewer system. Waste water from kitchen and bathroom is piped to a gully trap before entering into the sewer. • Gully trap:A gully trap is a basin with a water seal to prevent foul odours of the sewer reaching the surface. garages etc.ramtech-corp.

DRAINAGE ABBREVIATIONS An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.ramtech-corp.com .

ramtech-corp.DRAINAGE ABBREVIATIONS An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.com .

The below steps are followed while preparing the Drainage Shop Drawing.ramtech-corp.com . pipe sizes. they generally contain little or no information about the erection and installation of the MEP members they depict. setting out dimensions with co-ordinated all services. Since the shop drawings are intended only for use in the shop.SHOP Drawing • Description: Shop drawings also called Detail drawings are used to guide the construction and Erection members. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization • • • • • • • • Prepare Architectural drawing Convert Double line with fittings Assigned the Levels Setting out Dimensions & pipe supports Section Views Standard Details View port creation Title Block updating www. Complete shop drawings show the levels.

2. beam depths and architectural sections. structural drawings for the FFL. supports etc. Study the Schematic riser diagram for Sanitary and Vent pipes. Legends. 1. 6. 3.e.. Study client provided CAD standards.SHOP Drawing • Guidelines for shop drawing Before starting the shop drawing refer all Input and submittals received from client. irrespective of the pipe diameter all are make double lines. Study the Reflected ceiling plan (RCP) drawing for the False ceiling level (FCL). roof drain.ramtech-corp. 4.com . Study the architectural. Study special instructions given by client i. 5. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www. Study the all approved submittals for example type of floor drain.

walls. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization • Procedure: 1. beams etc. www. Change grid bubbles as per shop drawing scale. Delete unwanted text and dimensions. 4. 3.SHOP Drawing • Preparation of Architectural drawing Client was provided the architectural drawing for all floors or areas. plumbing fixtures. 2. 5. Change all entities colour as 8. File as reference for shop drawing file.com .ramtech-corp. Change text height as per shop drawing scale. columns. Attach this Arch. It contains all information like room patrons. So create one arch drawing for reference purpose..

SHOP Drawing • See below screen shot for Input Architectural Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.ramtech-corp.com .

SHOP Drawing • See below screen shot for Output Architectural Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.ramtech-corp.com .

Tee connections. Place the pipe fittings like „Y‟ joint.com . Start making the double lines for the pipes as per the sizes mentioned in the contract drawing. 90. refer below table. All fittings as per approved client submittals. 3. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization 2. 45 degree elbows. If they are asking Outer diameter.Before starting the double line refer client specification they wants pipe sizes are Nominal diameter or Outer diameter. www.SHOP Drawing • Conversion of Double line with fittings 1.ramtech-corp. clean outs etc. „P‟ traps.. according to the standards of IPC.

com .ramtech-corp.SHOP Drawing Refer below standard drainage fittings An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.

ramtech-corp. Show the flow direction as per schematic drawing. 5.com . 5. Avoid the Elbows and „Y‟ fittings in walls.SHOP Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization 4. 6. www. After completion of the double line and fittings change the layers and line type as per client CAD standards. Reroute if necessary where ever clashes found with structures columns and fittings are not inserted within that distance.

SHOP Drawing • See below screen shot for Input Drainage Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.ramtech-corp.com .

com .ramtech-corp.SHOP Drawing • See below screen shot for Output Double line Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.

Invert level can be calculated by relation I.=(slope) x (Length of the pipe) Generally drainage shop drawing prepared as two methods From Soffit of slab From Finished Floor Level www. The slope is depend upon the pipe sizes.com .SHOP Drawing • Assigned the levels An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization 1.ramtech-corp. 2.L. generally above 100 diameter is 1:100 and below 100 diameter is 1:50 (refer client Specifications) If we know the slope. Show the pipe sizes and riser information as per the riser schematic drawing .

ramtech-corp. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization See Example www.com .SHOP Drawing See below screen shot Calculated Invert Levels.

ramtech-corp. www.250 + 0. Follow the same procedure for continuation and show the Invert Level for every fitting.=1/50 x 1.SHOP Drawing • Example: An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Soffit of slab method.L.1 = 0.) Measure the length of the pipe from starting point to ending point in the drawing Distance is = 1.22 = -0. Ex.250 FSS (maintain minimum distance from slab. So slope has 1:50 starting level is 0.22 0. See output drawing at encircled area the pipe diameter is 75 dia.com .1 m Other End Level : I.272 FSS If you are going as per Flowing direction it is “positive” or opposite direction it is “Negative”.

but all the pipes should be connected to the pit or floor drain from there it is moved to the other location. It is depend on client requirement only. All the pipe may not be of same slope.ramtech-corp.SHOP Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization The invert level can be fixed by Elevation method or from Finished Floor level. Different pit have different levels. so that waste water can easily be flow in the pipe‟s generally in a floor there will be a deep pit so that all the water is collected and is passed out.com . Slope indicates the angle of the pipe or deviation of the pipe and invert level indicates the bottom of pipe. www.

SHOP Drawing • setting out Dimensions: The purpose of the Setting out dimensions is useful for Erection members to installation the pipes or fixtures or Drains at site or building.fittings. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.drains and fixtures from center of pipe to nearest wall or column or Beam in two directions (Horizontal and Vertical).com . Show the dimensions for pipes .ramtech-corp.

www. Pipe size and distance details are provided by client.SHOP Drawing • Pipe Supports: "Supports" means devices for supporting and securing pipe.com . fixtures.ramtech-corp. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Hinged Extension Extension Split Clamp Split Clamp Copper Extension Split Clamp Show the Pipe supports in shop drawing and maintain standard distance as per Pipe sizes. and equipment.

An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Pipe Supports www.ramtech-corp.com .SHOP Drawing See below screen shot updated pipe supports.

AHU rooms. www. Show the pipe supports for Drainage and Vent pipes.SHOP Drawing • Section Views: A section is a selected area or region of the drawing. 4. 3. Procedure: 1. It gives us a view of the drainage pipes and other components. Client specified location and typical waste and vent pipe connection for Fixtures. Mark the location and place the section marking in Plan view. If it is not available prepare Architectural view with slab width and height of that particular Floor.ramtech-corp. 2.com . Check the Architectural drawing or Input drawings whether client was marked section at same location or provided any architectural section that particular location. Draw the Drainage pipe Vent pipes as per Plan view Elevations. which enable to understand for the layman also. Mechanical Rooms. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization 5. Generally sections has to be made at difficult or critical locations.

Show the Bottom of Pipe levels from Soffit of Slab or Finished Floor Level. www. 6.SHOP Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization 5. Show the pipe supports for Drainage and Vent pipes.ramtech-corp.com .

com .ramtech-corp.SHOP Drawing • See below screen shot for Marking section in Plan: An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.

SHOP Drawing • See below screen shot for Output Section: An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization FFL +17.com .05 www.ramtech-corp.

com .ramtech-corp. •See below screen shots for few Standard Details: An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Floor Drain (FD) Funnel Floor Drain (FFD) www. These details are adding in the shop drawing.SHOP Drawing •Standard details The standard approved details are provided by client.

ramtech-corp.SHOP Drawing •Standard details An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Roof Vent Terminal (VTR) Floor Clean out (FCO) www.com .

•Title Block Updating HVAC An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization Title block is provided by client as required size (A0. See below snap shot…. Creation of view port is done in Paper space. A1..SHOP Drawing •View port creation Scaling is used to depict objects on paper that are either larger or smaller than the paper. ELECTRICAL PLUMBING NOTES: www. Generally the title block details are….ramtech-corp. A2 A4). View port is create by using the command “MVIEW”.com . • Notes: Show the any specific notes in the Notes column related to this shop drawing. Generally shop drawings in 1:50 scale and sections are 1:25 scale..

Nos. schematic.: Update the Reference Drawing Nos. Architectural.SHOP Drawing • Ref. REV. the area is covered in this sheet. • Key Plan: Hatching the location in key plan. structural. PARCEL 02 www. DWG. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization REFERENCE DRG NO'S. REFERENCE DRG NO'S.. Dwg.ramtech-corp. design drawing.e.No. See below snap shot…. what ever the drawings are referred while preparing this shop drawing I.com .

See below snap shot….. Drawing Scale and Drawing No. An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization A B C D www. Drawn By.com . Level. service.ramtech-corp.. Approved By.SHOP Drawing • Drawing Title: Update the Drawing Title information I. Revision.e. Floor. Checked By.

American Society of Testing and Materials. www.ramtech-corp.Plumbing Materials An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization • • • • • • • • ANSI: ASTM: AWWA: CSA: CS: FS: NSF: FHA: American National Standards Institute. Canadian Standards Association. Commercial Standards.com . Federal Specifications. Federal Housing Authority. American Water Works Association. NSF International.

ramtech-corp.An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.com .

ramtech-corp.com .Input Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.

com .Output Drawing An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.ramtech-corp.

ramtech-corp.com .Drainage Section An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.

Drainage Section An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization HEAT EXCHANGER ROOM www.com .ramtech-corp.

ramtech-corp.Output Drainage Layout (3D) An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.com .

Output Drainage Layout (3D) An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.com .ramtech-corp.

com .Output Drainage Layout (3D) An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.ramtech-corp.

ramtech-corp.Output Drainage Layout (3D) An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Organization www.com .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful