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trash. garbage or junk . storage transportation transfer processing treatment disposal of waste Eg) Rubbish.WASTE An unusable / unwanted WASTE MANAGEMENT Collection source separation substance or material. Rejected as worthless.
on environment & society.AIM OF WASTE MANAGEMENT @ To extract maximum practical benefits. @ Reduce negative impacts . . @ To generate minimum amount of waste.
• Also include human waste. NON DEGRADABLE WASTES • Cannot be broken down by other living organisms. toxins as are plastic grocery bags. paper waste and biodegradable plastics. sewage. • Also include dangerous chemicals.TYPES OF WASTES DEGRADABLE WASTES • From plant or animal sources • Broken down by other living organisms. food waste. manure. • Not capable of degradation or decomposition. • Eg) municipal waste – green waste. . • Eg) plastics. metal and glass.
Eg) paper.Eg) printer paper. vegetable wastes .SOURCES OF WASTES *Domestic wastes remnants .Eg) coal. ceramics. plastic.Eg)dung of animals .Open burning of wastes also generates ashes *Animal Wastes . meat *Commercial wastes *Ashes . glass. wood and coke. .rejected feed .
surgical dressings *Construction Wastes .*Biomedical Wastes .removed from sewerage . bricks.left on . electricity. plastic syringes. concrete.Eg) metal rods. cement. roofing materials . drainage factory would dump textiles of various kinds the roadside *Industrial Solid Wastes -Eg) garment *Sewer .digging activities Eg) telephone.Eg) expired drugs.
react explosively with air or water . mobile phones.) Secondary computers. television sets & refrigerator *Nuclear waste .*Hazardous wastes .Change in the genetic structure of individuals *E .electronics disposed -E.g. electronics.product of a nuclear fission .Waste .potentially dangerous .containing radioactive material .
Effects of waste If not managed Affects our health Affects our socio-economic conditions Affects our coastal and marine environment Affects our climate Rise in global temperatures ‘ Rise in sea levels .
Disposal Methods a) Land fills Convenient Inexpensive Destruction of food sources Desalination Recycling methods a) Biological reprocessing b) Energy recovery i)Pyrolysis ii)Gasification Key to providing a livable environment for the future Incineration Requires minimum land Can be operated in any weather Expensive to build and operate Continuous maintenance Expensive Some wastes cannot be recycled Technological push needed .Methods of Waste Mgmt.
design.Practical Issues Lack of awareness Unplanned growth and development of cities Land availabilty Un sorted waste. waste. vermin requires proper planning. mixture of bio-degradable and non bio-degradable Some wastes cannot be recycled Unsightly . and operation .smell.
food scraps convert starch or sugary agricultural feed stock into a methane rich gas mixture three stages. hydrolysis. namely. acid-genesis and methane formation Process is very slow Installing is expensive.Bio-Methanation Process Materials that are organic in nature. such as plant material. .
Separation of materials should be done at source Encourage eople to reuse materials rather than purchase new ones. . use biodegradable materials maintenance of cleanliness in yards and streets At Source Treatment.Suggestions Improve product design to use less materials.
Biomedical waste.Case Study Name of Project : CochinWaste 2 Energy Pvt Ltd Type of Process : BESI W2E Gasification Technology Capacity : 35 tons/day Land Area : 1 Acre Location : Willington Island. Power Generation : 1 Mega Watt per hour.food waste. Carbon Credits Collection Mechanism :Through specially designed enclosed refuse trucks meeting international norms Waste Stream Analysis : School of Environmental Studies. SolidWaste generated from Plant: Recovered sterilized metals for recycle. Vitrified glass. Wood waste. Residue. CUSAT . Inert Ash Revenue Stream : Tipping fee. Sale of Power generated. e-waste. Cochin Type ofWaste : Industrial effluent Sludge.