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The Engineering Profession
What is Engineering?
The Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) defines engineering: “the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind.”
What is Engineering?...
Engineering is a profession like medicine, law, etc. that aspires to high standards of conduct and recognizes its responsibility to the general public.
Scientist Vs Engineer
Scientist - Like an engineer, but a primary goal is the expansion of knowledge and understanding physical processes. Engineer - Applies knowledge of math and the physical sciences to the efficient design and construction of usable devices, structures and processes.
Professionalism Professionalism is an aspirational standard. the essential elements of which are: Competence Personal integrity. responsibility and accountability Public obligation .
A broader foundation of relevant experience. business. knowledge and understanding Supported with relevant qualifications Maintained through Continuing Professional Development . leadership and management competences. up-to-date skills and capabilities appropriate to the particular task Including appropriate non-technical competences communication.Professionalism … Competence Relevant.
A matching accountability which is also separate from that of an employer.Professionalism … Integrity A clear commitment to abide by a code of ethics which is recognized and administered by the professional community. . Responsibility and accountability A set of personal obligations and responsibilities which sit alongside the contractual obligation to an employer or client.
Professionalism … Public Obligation Regard for and contribution to the public good .protect the public interest Social responsibility Commitment and contribution to the professional community and support from that community .
The Making of a Professional .
Is regulated by professional bodies. 1 Requires specialized and highly skilled knowledge. 7. . Examination of competence. Function of professional work is vital to society. 5. Professionals enjoy higher social status. 4.“What is a Profession” 1. 10 6. 2. Requires academic training. 8. 3. Compensation is higher than other occupations Professionals must perform under a standard of professional behavior that requires adherence to the highest principles of legal and ethical conduct.
The Engineering Profession Training. Surveying E……… ME EE ………………… Gas &Oil E Chem E. Advancements. Industrial E 11 . Licensure BS is required for all entry level engineering Jobs. Qualifications.. Engineers trained in one field. may also work in a related field of engineering: Civil E. ……………….
and cost-effectiveness. 6 Engineering is a career based on logical. engineers need to consider safety. a process or service. 12 . generally in high-tech. or scientific fields. systematic problem solving.Engineering-The Profession Whether the end result is a product. industrial. reliability.
Requires the exercise of discretion and judgment and is not subject to standardization. .Engineering as a Profession Engineering possesses those attributes that typically characterize a profession: Satisfies an indispensable and beneficial need.
Has group consciousness for the promotion of knowledge and professional ideas and for rendering social services. Has a legal status and requires well-formulated standards of admission.Engineering as a Profession… Involves activities that require knowledge and skill not commonly possessed by the general public. .
highways. Design the systems that ensure the quality and efficiency of the manufacturing process. 5. 4. Design machinery to build and test these products. 3. process and use raw materials such as petroleum and natural gas. plan and supervise the construction of buildings. transit systems. and wind to satisfy the nations power needs. 6. Develop and implement ways to extract. Harness the power of the sun. Design Plants in which those products are made. 2. 15 . Design products. 7. Design.What Engineers Do? (a review) 1.
General question What kind of a pattern do we see on the last picture? 16 .
Development Desig n Assembly Manufacturing Reliability Test Engineering management 17 ..
Where do you see yourself 5-10 years from now „ 18 .
So Jr Sr Time (years) 19 .Timeline to Engineering Education Fr.
CE GOE. ChE. IE … Specialization 20 .From Student to Professional Engineer Step 1 BS/MS Majors ME. EE.
CE Construction Structural Transportation Geothermal Environmental 21 ..
. ME Fluid Dynamics Thermodynamics Mechanical Design Mechatronics 22 .
EE Power Generation Communication Systems LSI Electronics 23 ..
E Biochemical Polymers Plastics Food Processing 24 .. Chem.
Mat. E May be introduced later Semiconductors Microelectronics Ceramics 25 ..
Electronic. Control and Computing systems. May be introduced later 26 .Mechatronics Mechanical.
From Student to Professional Step 2 B-tech/M-tech Majors Specialization Functional (Job) Classification 27 .
2. 13. 12. 10. Research Experimental Analytical Design Development Testing Production 8. 9. 7. Operations Sales/Marketing Customer (large systems) Management Consulting Construction 28 . 5. 4. 3. 11. 6.Functional Classification .All majors 1.
General Product Cycle Idea Concept Design/ Modeling Development/ Prototyping Product Documentation Specifications A To MFG Testing Feasibility study $$$ Training Testing Facilities A Packaging Shipping Production To Customer/ Consumer 29 .
Models physical problems using math to predict performance. engineering science. physics. -Devises new methods of calculation -Gains new knowledge SKILLS/Knowledge Perceptiveness Patience Self-Confidence .Engineering Functional Jobs-A Title Research E. applications software Ingenuity Creativity Judicious Judgment Analytical E. processes.Math. -Uses well-known principles and employs existing processes or machines to perform a new function -Concerned only with a prototype or model 30 . -Obtains new data. or systems E. Performs failure analysis Development -Develops products. Function -Solves new problems.
Creativity 2. and psychology. economics. -Ability to visualize the overall operation of a project -Knowledge of each step of the production effort 31 .Devises a schedule to efficiently coordinate materials and personnel -. Innovation 3.Sets up the assembly line -.Handles and ships the finished product -Knowledge of design. Fundamental knowledge of many disciplines 4. -. Understanding of economics and people Production E. -Restricted by the state of the art SKILLS/Knowledge 1. Function -Converts concepts and information into detailed plans and specs from which the finished product can be be Manufactured.Engineering Functional Jobs-B Title Design E.Orders raw materials at the optimum times -.
-Testing is performed under all expected environmental conditions. Industrial engineering. -Measurement techniques. and communication -Responsible for maintenance and modifications SKILLS/Knowledge -Knowledge of statistics. and reliability . lighting. -Products are tested for structural integrity. -Selects sites for facilities-Specifies the layout for all facets of the operation -Selects the fixed equipment for climate control. Function -Develops and conducts tests to verify that a new product meets design specs. -Fundamental engineering aspects of the design Operations or Plant E.Engineering Functional Jobs-C Title Test E. economics and law 32 . product and process specifications. performance.
B. E.Q1 What is the functional job description (name) of the engineer who “ Converts concepts and information into detailed plans and specifications from which the finished product can be manufactured”? A. D. Test engineer Experimental engineer Development engineer Design engineer Production engineer 33 . C.
Career Paths for Engineers There are at least seven career options for graduating engineering students: 1) Corporate ladder 2) Independent entrepreneur 3) Military or government 4) Engineering and social service aboard 5) Professor/engineer 6) Graduate work outside engineering 7) A mix of first six options .
From Student to Professional Engineer Step 3 BS/MS Majors Specialization Functional (Job) Classification Company Levels 35 .
Line Mgt.. …… Engineering CEO CFO COO CTO ------------------------------V. of Marketing V.P. 36 .P. Corporate Management COB Board of Directors Management Plant Mgt. Project E. Associate E.P. of ………….P. or Lead E. Advisory* Staff* Sr. Director of …. Fellow* Senior E. -----------------------------Director of ….* Engineer or “Entry Level” * Large Co. of Engineering V. Functional Mgt. of MFG V.* Project Mgt.Company Levels (Publicly owned) .
A major employer‟s checklist of of desired engineering graduates* graduates* attributes of engineering • Boeing co/ASEE PRISM 12/96 37 . arelooking lookingin in new 1.Employers 1. What Whatemployers employers are new graduates? graduates? A major employer’s checklist of desired attributes of 2.
What employers are looking in new graduates? Fast learners Team players 38 .
Graphic d. 2. science. The design andGroup manufacturing process A: Good Understanding of: Engineering science fundamentals: a. Verbal c. d. c. Physical and life (understanding engineering). Written Verbal b. b. Information technology. Engineering science fundamentals: a. Physical and lifescience. c. (understanding engineering). Good communication skills: b. Physical and life science. Good communication skills: Written a. Engineering science fundamentals: 1. Listening 39 . Written b. Listening statistics) 3. Verbal Math (including c. Math (including statistics) (understanding engineering). Good skills: 2. b. 1. Graphic d. Information technology.3. Listening Graphic a. The communication design and manufacturing process 3. a. c.Group A: Good Understanding of: 1. a.
Group B: Basic understanding of: 1. . Ethical standards 40 3. 3. A multidisciplinary systems perspective. including: Economics/business practice History The environment Customer and social needs 2. The context in which engineering is practiced. The importance of teamwork.
Flexibility – the ability and the selfconfidence to adopt. 41 . 2. 1. (LLL) Ability to think critically and creatively as well as independently and cooperatively.Group C 1. Curiosity and a lifelong desire to learn.
Bachelors of Technolgy : 3 The Key to “Maaaaany” Doors 42 .
3. community involvement) 2. Engineering Management (MSE/MBA) Law (Patent law. prosthetics. 6. Advanced Degrees-Academic Institutions (Teaching. publishing. Defense Engineering Consultant Your Own Business 2020 ??? 43 . 5. 4. Corporate Law) Medicine (bioengineering. researching.Other Directions 1. ”Bionic man/Women”) Government. 7. 8.
Always think of how you would like to be treated under similar circumstances.** . Become familiar with Code of Ethics of your Discipline. Join Student Engineering Societies.Becoming a Professional Engineer Understand that Engineering is a Profession. Join other Professional Organizations. **There’s more to being an engineer than technical competence.
The Engineering Profession Thank you 45 .
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