VIOLE NCE AGA IN ST

WOME N AND CHI LDREN

Judge Nimfa

Cuest a Vilches

Da rk Ag es : Wo men And C hild ren We re Consid ere d A s “C ha tte ls ” / Prop ertie s Of T he Male Pers on Com mo n S te re oty pin g Again st Wo me n : 1. L angua ge – Man kind / He / H u ma n v s. Anima l Na me s F or Wo men Su ch A s Chick / B ro ad / Bitc h

Background

2. M edia - Wo ma n Is Pro jec te d As Mak in g Good In C aree r If She J ug gle s T im e As W ife , Moth er An d Profe ssio na l 3. A ttire – W om en Must D res s A s Men To B e Tak en Se riou sly 4. R elig io n : GO D I s Male ; E ve C re ate d

5) L aw : H us band’s Decisio n Pr evails In Dis agre emen t O ve r Pare nta l Au th ority , Ad min is tra tio n Of Pro perty / On ly Wo man Commits A du lte ry / Male P re sume d To Surv iv e O ve r F ema le 6) M arria ge / Rela tio nship : Husba nd

Physica l H arm More Than Wo me n / M en G et Lo ve, Ca re F ro m Wo men Mo re Than Wh at Th ey R eturn / Men A re Intim ate, Priv ate But A re O ut Of R each Wh en Vio le nce Oc curs * In cide nta lly , Ch ild re n Als o Su ffe r Wh en Vio le nc e Is Co mmitte d

“Gend erc id e” : Shortfa ll Of 2 00 M Wo me n In T he Wo rld / 70 0,0 00 So ld T o Pro stitu tion Annua lly / 1 Of Ev ery 3 Wo men Coerc ed Int o Se x / 4 th L ead in g Ca use Of Pre ma tu re De ath Rank in g On ly B eh in d Dis ea se, Hu nger, Wa r

Re por t On B oo k “W om en In A n In secu re W orld ” ] * I n Po or Co untri es , Few Wo men G et Ou t Of Se xua l Ex plo ita tio n / Link ed To Po or He alth : Vic tims Exp erie nce Diz zin ess , Gy nec olo gica l

Th e Fil ipin o F am ily I . Pre - H is pa nic Tim es : Pa ga ns O r Moham me dan s / Ma n Thro ws Spe ars A t Sta irc as e O f Girl’ s Ho use To M arry / Pa rents A gre e / D owry Of M oney, G old , F ood / G ra nd fa th er Annou nces Ma rria ge

Setti ng The Stage

II. S panish Time s ( 3 33 Y ears ) Fa milie s Pa triarc hal / Fath er Ex erci se s Au th ority / Ch ild re n Po lite T o Elde rs With T erm s & Wa y Of Addres sin g As Res pect / Op in io ns O f Eld ers , G ran dpar en ts Co nsulte d / O ld er Sib lin gs Re spec te d

III .

Am eric an Ti mes ( A ntith es is O f Pa st ) In divid ualis m / O pen Pa ren t- C hild Relatio nship / Men Ha d Mis tre sses – B irth O f Ille gitima te Ch ild re n / Child D is re gard s Pa ren ts [ J uven ile Delin quenc y ] / F amily Au th oritaria n / C hil d

The Eme rg ing F ilip in o Family : 30 % P oor [ L ive s A t P 35 Per Da y ] / Pr evale nt 1 Pare nt Ty pe - OFW Pare nts ; M oth er s W ork To A ug me nt In com e ; Fath er A way Wo rk ing Ta ke Mis tres ses Ille gitima te C hild re n / Child L eft With Dom es tic H elp / R elig ion

Stud ie s : Wo me n , Chil dre n A re In Gre ate st D anger W he re Th ey Fe el M ost S ecure - - Ho me / Vio le nce Again st Wo me n Equ ate s T o V iol en ce Ag ain st C hildre n / Perp etuate s Cy cle Of Vio le nt B ehavio r, B ad Role M odels To Gro win g A nd Ev er-

Childre n Of Wo me n Ph ysic ally An d Sex ually Ab used B y Partn ers A re 6x More Like ly Tha n Ot her Childre n T o D ie Be fo re A ge 5 / W ome n An d Child re n Are Ta rge ts Of Wa ve Of R age A nd Aggre ss io n Du e T o Co mp le x E co-Pol-So cia l And C ultura l R eas ons

Rig hts O f V ictims A re Vio la ted Thro ugh Ac ts Of Aggre ssio n B y T he Ve ry Pe rs ons To Pro te ct Th em / Viole nce E xacts A P ri ce In L iv es , In ju rie s, D is abilitie s Lea vin g P hysic al, Psycho lo gic al W ound s T hat

Dome st ic V io le nc e : Huma n Rig hts Iss ue / Cuts A cro ss B ound arie s Of C ultu re, Cla ss, Educatio n, A ge / U S Es tima te At L east 2-4 M Wo men V io len tly Attac ked By H us bands Each Ye ar / V iole nce Un dermin es Ch ild re n’ s Surv iv al Who W itn es s Abus e An d A re Th e Vic tim s T hems elv es

VA WC Is Hid den Fro m V iew / Deva sta te s Its Vic tims / Th re ate ns Sta bil ity O f F amily / Neg ativ ely Impacts O n Ch ild re n Wh o No w Th in k Vio le nce Is W ay To Co pe With Stre ss , G ain Co ntro l O f O th er Pers on / D rain s Co unt ry’ s Ec ono my In Soc ia l / Med ic al

Respons e : Law , Ru le s

That Va lu e Dig nity Of Wo me n A nd C hi ldre n / Gu ara nty Hu ma n Ri gh ts / Pro tec t F amily , Mem bers F ro m V io len ce , T hre ats To P ers onal Safe ty , Sec urity / Pre ven t D isr up tio n In Da ily L ive s / H old Offe nd ers Ac countable

2004 ] : Addre sses Pern ic io us Pro bl em Of VA W Exp andin g Co verag e To Inclu de Ch ild re n * S upre me C ou rt R ule On Vio le nce A gains t Wom en An d T heir Ch ild re n [ 15 N ov embe r

RA 9262 : A nti Vio lence Against Women And Their Childr en ( VAWC ) Ac t Of 2004 [ 2 7 M arc h

*Le gal Fo cus T o Vic tims : Pri or To RA 9262 , V AW Wa s A Priva te M atte r Be twee n M an An d Wo ma n / N ow A Pub lic C rime / *An y Pers on M y File : O ffe nde d Party / Pa ren ts / G uardia n / As cenda nt / De scen dant / Colla te ra l Re la tiv es

Feat ures :

Baran gay Offic ia ls / Lawyers / He alth care Pro fe ssio na ls / 2 C itize ns With Pers onal Kn owle dge O f Vio lence * Wi th Pe na ltie s & F in es Hig her Th an Th at Pro vid ed B y R ev is ed P enal Code On Physic al Inju rie s / An ti Se xu al H ara ssme nt La w

Pro tec te d Pers ons [B ro ad ] : W oma n W ho Is AN Y P ERSO N’ S Wife , F orm er W ife , Or Any W om an W hom The Pers on Has Or H ad Sexual / D atin g Re la tio ns & He r Ch ild re n C omm on W ith Offen der / L egi ti mate / Illeg itim ate / C hild ren /

Su preme Co urt Ru le On V AWC : Vic tim W ith in, W ith ou t F amily Ab ode In clu ded : Pa ren ts , Bro th ers, Sis te rs , A scen dants, D es cenda nts / Re la tiv es By Blo od , A ffinit y - 6 th / Dome stic He lp ers [Co habita tio n No t Re quire d / Re la tio n N ot Cu rre nt / Vio le nce L ong Afte r

“Se xua l R elatio nship” – S in gle S exual Ac t, May / N ot R esu lt In Ha vin g Ch ild “Datin g” – As H & W Not M arrie d, Roma ntic ally In vo lv ed Over T im e, N ot Ca sual In B usin ess, Socia l Co nte xt “ Stalk in g” – Knowin gly , With out Jus tific ation F ollo wing , Pu tting Vic tim O n

Juris dic tio n : Family Co urts ( RA 8 369 ) Venue : F amily C ou rt [F C] O r R eg io nal T ria l Co urt If No F amily Co urt Wh ere Offe nse Wa s C ommitte d – Tak es Away V AWC Fro m J urisd ictio n Of Firs t - L eve l C ourts & He in ous C rime s Co urt

Ready Acce ss T o Jus tic e : If In dig ent / In Imme dia te Ne cess ity Due To Immin ent Da nger Or Thre at - E xemp t From D oc ket F ee s , TS Ns [Vi ctim Is Not Co nstrain ed An ymore Pro vin g Ind ig enc e] * P aid L eave O f Absen ce Up To 10 D ays * F ree L ega l A id By PAO

1) Ph ys ic al – Bo dily Or Phy sic al Ha rm / Ma ltrea tm ent 2) S exual – Rape / Sexual H aras smen t / Acts O f L as civ io us ness / Tre at A s Se x Ob je ct / Deme aning Sex ual Rema rks / Ph ysic al Atta ck Of Se xu al B odil y Pa rts / F orc in g To

For ms Of Violence

Obsc en ity And Ind ece nt Acts / Prost itut ing V ict im 3) Psyc hol ogi ca l – Acts / Omi ssio ns Cau si ng O r Li kel y To Cause Me ntal O r Emo tio nal Suf ferin g As St al kin g / R idi cul e / H umi li atio n / Rep ea ted V erbal

To W it ness Vi ole nc e Co mm it ted To Mem be r O f F am il y / Dam ag e To Pr op er ty / Ma rit al Inf ide lit y / Pornog raph y [ Sale Of Wo me n’s B odi es I n Aud io -Vi deo ] / In jur y To Pe ts / Unla wf ul Depr iva tio n Of Cust ody And Vi si tatio n Of Comm on Chi ldr en /

To tal N eglec t A nd Ab ando nmen t 4. Eco nomic – Wi thd ra wal O f Fin ancial Su pp ort / Dep riv atio n , Th rea t Of With dra wal Of Re sourc es, Ri gh t To Enjo y Prop erty / Des tro ying House hold P ro perty /

[ Pro secutio n : N otify Vic tim Of D ecis io n T o Decline Pros ecutio n / Dis miss C harg es / Plea Barga in in g Bu t N ee d No t Ge t In put O f V ictim / Ra th er T han Dis mis s Ca se Fo r F ailu re O f Victim T o A ppe ar, In ve stig ate F or Co erc ive Co nduc t O f P erp etrat or

Victim P ro te ctio n / Read T o Vic tim Rig hts (A ctual, Time ly , In L ang uage Unders to od) / No PT C Dive rs io n , Medi atio n Or De fe rred Pros ecutio n A s Conve ys No tio n T hat VA WC N ot Serio us Crime / H ard To

Pro te ctiv e O rd ers [ B PO / T PO / P PO ] : T o Pre vent An d S afe guard Vic tims F ro m F urthe r Acts O f Vio le nce / In dep ende nt O f Oth er Ca se / Ap plie s T o Cri min al Cases BPO : Baran gay Pro te cti on O rde r Is sued Same D ay B y Punong

Ba ra nga y Prote ctio n Ord er [ B PO : Physica l, Th rea ts ] : Ex - Parte Dete rmin at ion O n Same D ay F ile d / Eff ec tiv e For 1 5 Day s / Wh en Is su ed , Pu no ng Ba ra ngay O r Ka gawad P ers ona lly Se rv es R esp onden t Copy / N ext G et T PO * Partie s M ay B e Ac comp anied B y No n – L awy er A t

Resid ents Of Sam e Baran gay / In W ork pla ce Ba ra ngay O f Wo rk place / Vio la tio n O f B PO : 1 st L ev el Court W ith Ju ris dic tion O f Bara ngay / Ju dgme nt Of Viola tio n : 30 D ays Imp ris onme nt / Ap peala ble

Tem por ary Pro tec tio n Ord er [T PO] / P erma nent Pr ote ctio n Ord er [P PO ] : File In An y 1 st / 2 nd L eve l Court I f No F C / B oth Is For Ap plic ati on F or TP O & PPO / File Ev en Afte r L aps e O f Time From C om mis si on [ Vic tim In B atteri ng Cy cle , CSAA S ] / Va lid

Best P ra ctic es : Eve n Child Can F ile / Resid ency No t Requi red A s V AWC Leads To Chang es In Res id enc e / U niform Fo rms O f A pp lic ation That Are Ma de Availab le To Vic tims / Pro te cti on O rde rs Stick To Fo rm F or Co nsis ten cy, Be Comp reh ensive , C le ar/

Re lie f : P ro hib it Ac ts Of V io le nc e / Ha ra ssing , A nno yin g / Te le ph onin g / Com mu nic atin g Direc tly O r Ind ire ctly / R emo val O f Re spond ent F rom Re sid en ce Re gard les s Of O wne rs hip / With Law En forc er To Accom pa ny

Pe rs on al E ffec ts / Sta y A way F ro m Vic tim At Dis ta nc e Spe cifie d / A ll ow Vic tim T o Us e Automob ile / Su ppo rt / T empo ra ry Cu sto dy O f Ch ild re n / Proh ib ite d Pos session O f Fire arm / R esti tutio n O f Ac tu al Da mag es / DSWD S helte r /

TP O : May B e Is sued Ex -P arte , O n Da te Of Filin g [ I mmin ent Dang er Of V io le nc e Exis ts , A bo ut T o Rec ur ] PP O : Is sued A fter Notic e, H ea rin g / If No T PO Iss ued , No tic e T o R esp onden t For Oppos itio n / J udge s Canno t In flu en ce Victim s To Ab andon O r

Order G ra ntin g Te mp ora ry / Pe rma nent Cus to dy P re clud es Offen der To F ile Wri t Of H ab eas Co rp us TPO / P PO Ord er : Cle ar & Spe cific / T PO Va lid For 3 0 Da ys , Exte ndib le F or 3 0 Da ys E ach Time * Vio la tio n :

[C ourt C ann ot Is sue Mutu al O rd ers O f Pro tec tio n A s Diffic ult For L aw Enfo rc eme nt T o Enfo rc e, No t Ef fec tiv e T o Prev ent F urth er A bu se/ Wi th Sta y Aw ay O rd er Bu t Vic tim I nv ite s Ab user, Does N ot Nu llify O rder As O nly Co urt Ca n, F ile Petitio n T o F or

[TP O G ran te d Ex-Par te D ue To Evid enc e Th at Sa fe ty / Liv es Of Victim s Are Jeopard iz ed I f Notic e Gi ve n T o Pe rp etra to r To Par ticip ate ] Be st P ra ctic e : TPO Valid O nly Fo r 7 2 Hours / P PO No T ime Lim it T o Sh ift Bu rd en To Pe rpe tra to r T o

In tro ductio n Of Evid ence O n An y His to ry Of A bu siv e Condu ct O f Res ponde nt A ll owe d If Relev ant Rule 1 30, Se ctio n 5 1 Of N ew R ules O f Evid ence : C harac te r Ev id enc e No t Gene ra lly Ad mis sib le

Th at Ac cuse d H as Prop ensity F or Comm ittin g C rime s An d Becaus e He Com mitte d Oth er Crime s On Pre vio us Occ asio ns H e Pro bably C omm it te d Th e Crim e I n Que stio n Re sult : Suc h E vid ence Giv en We igh t L ead in g To Co nvic tion

No t Be cause O f Specific G uilt Of Offe nse Ch arg ed Evid enc e O f S im ilar Ac t : T o B e Admis sib le - C ourt Has Dis cre tion To De te rmin e Wh ethe r Se para te C rimin al Acts To o R emo te / Su ff iciently Ne ar In

Imp le me nta tio n O f TPO /PP O : Law E nfo rc er D utie s : R espo nd ASA P To C all F or He lp Of Vic tim With Or W itho ut TPO Or PP O / Co nfis ca te W ea pon O f Pe rp etra to r / Es co rt Vic tim To S afe Plac e Or Ho spital / As sis t Vic tim To Re mov e

“G ate ke epers ” O f Crimin al J us tic e Syste m / R ole P iv ota l For Vic tim And Perp etra to r / M andatory To H ave W ritte n Polic ie s An d Pro cedures / D evelo p Curric ula Fo r In te rve ntio n T o A vo id

Law Enf or cement –

Respo nse / Enfo rc eme nt Of VA WC L aw / Pro tec tio n, S afe ty O f Vic tim, F amily , Ho useho ld Mem be rs / Co ord in atio n With Ho spita ls, Pro grams For V ic tims

[P olicie s & Procedur es] E ffe ctiv e

Continuing Education : Sw orn Offic ers ,
Ex ecu tiv es,

[ Bro ad A rre st Auth ority : Arre st Critica l In te rv entio n In VAW C / Un derem plo ye d / U tiliz e Wa rra ntl ess Arre st, P O, B ail Vio la tion s ( V icti ms Refra in J ustic e Sys te m In te rv en tio n If A bu sers Vio la te With Imp unity ) / A uth ority T o Seiz e We apo ns D urin g A rres t

Claim s Of Mutu al Vio le nce : D eterm in e Prima ry Ag gre sso r [ Prio r VA WC / Se ve rity Of I nju rie s, L ikelih ood Of F uture In ju ry , Ac te d In Self-D efe ns e? ] Mon ito rin g Of O ffice r Prac tic es By Su perv is ors : Report As Ve hic le To Kn ow Wh o Di d N ot Arre st, Wh o Mad e Du al

Bo nd T o K ee p Pe ac e : Imp osed O n P ers on Aga in st Wh om TP O O r PPO Is sued / Ma y B e Req uire d By Co urt To Giv e B ond O f 2 Suffic ie nt S ure tie s Wh o Un derta ke Th at Off en der Will N ot Comm it Furth er Vio le nce

* Imp ose Oth er Conditio ns S uch As N o Us e Of D ru gs / A lc ohol / B ein g W ith A rme d Men Or C rime Gro ups / Co ntac tin g Victim ’s Fa mily * Conditio ns Of B on d Rev ie wed Eac h He arin g Or A s Ofte n As R equ este d B y

* Pre - Tria l C on fe re nc e : Vic tim Mus t A pp ear / Case N OT R ef erre d F or M edia tio n / Co nsid er Is suin g TP O / Si mplify Is sue s / C an not Comp ro mis e Civ il Sta tu s, Fu tu re Sup port, Legit im e, Ju ris dic tion , Va lid ity Of Marria ge /

* No F amily Eff orts A s VAW C Is A Crim e / In de pend ent O f Nu llity , Annu lme nt O f M arria ge Pe titio n / Le gal Separa tion : N o Co olin g – O ff P erio d Of 6 Month s I f V AWC - Ba sed / T PO , P PO D ecide d With in 3 0 D ays A fte r He arin g, If N o H ea rin g Con duct ed , D ecid e 1 0

[ Pre -tria l Rele ase / O n Ba il : Imp ose Co nditi on s, Pe rpetra to r Wh o Is Re la te d To Vic tim L ik ely T o Reta liate Th an Stra ng er / No tify V ictim / S tric tly Ob ser ve C onfid entia lit y O f Victim ’s Re sid en ce ]

Tri al : Apply O th er L aws [ An ti – R ap e L aw, R A 7610 ] And S C R ule O n VAW C A nd R ule On Exa min atio n Of C hild Witn es s A llowin g U se Of Liv e - L ink TV By Vic tim / S exual S hie ld Ru le / Pre sump tio n T hat M in or Vic tim C omp eten t

Pro hib ite d D efe nses : In flu en ce O f Dru gs / Alc oho l * Batte red W om an Syndro me : Sc ien tific ally De fin ed Patte rn O f Psycho lo gic al , Behav io ra l S ymptoms In W om en L iv in g In Ba tte rin g R ela tio nship s

Vic tim - Surv iv or With BW S : No Crim ina l, C iv il Lia bility / Ju stify in g C irc ums ta nc e O f Co mple te SelfDefe ns e / W om an No t Dis qua lifie d As Custo dia n O f C hil dre n [ B elow 7 Ye ars Old With Dis abil ities ] En titled T o Su ppo rt / In N o Ca se Pe rp etrato r O f Wo ma n

He alth ca re R es ponses : Docum ent In ju rie s , Vic tim Su sp ic io ns / Iss ue M edica l Certific ate / S afe guard Reco rd s / Vic tim ’s Righ ts Manda to ry F or L GU’ s To P ro vid e : Tempo ra ry Shelte rs / Co unse li ng / Ps yc ho - Soc ia l Se rv ices / R eco very,

Dis posit io n : * V ICTIM S - R ed re ss Of Gri ev ance / En title d To Soc ia l Se rvic es Rec overy F ro m Tra uma / C ycle Of V io lence / Co urt De cid es W ith in 3 0 Days A fter H earing Term in ate d / If Perm an ent P ro te ctio n Ord er ( PPO ) W ill Be Made F inal, Ex ec uto ry

Penalty : R evis ed Pen al Code [ Arre sto May or – Pris io n M ayo r / 6 Y ears , 1 D ay – 1 2 Y ears / Thre ats - Impriso nme nt 2 D eg re es Lo wer B ut Not L owe r Th an Arre st o Ma yo r ( 1 Month , 1 Da y – 6 M onth s )] * Co nvicte d : P PO Is sue s A s A M atte r

* Ma xim um Penal ty Imp os ed : Vi ole nc e On W om an Or C hil d Who Is Pregna nt / In The Pr es enc e Of Ch ild * F INES : P 10 0, 00 0 – P 3 00, 00 0 * Ma nd at ory Psyc hi at ric A nd Psy ch ol og ica l Tr eat men t F or

As To O FF ENDER : * Co urt Mu st Orde r DSWD To Provid e Reha bil it ative Co uns el ing And Treatme nt Fo r Cons truc tive Wa ys [ A lter nat ive Beh av ior ] Of Copi ng W it h Ang er & Emot iona l

And In R efo rmin g Offe nde r’s Wa ys / Whe n Nec ess ar y , Cour t M ay Re fer Th e O ffend er To Psyc hia tric Tr ea tme nt O r Ac tua l Con fin emen t In An In stit utio n * Co nf ide ntia lit y Of Reco rds /

Cour t R eco rds : Und er Cou rt Seal / Permi ss io n Requ ir ed To Exa mi ne Reco rds / Publ ica tio n Puni sh abl e By Cont empt * Vi ola tio n Of Pr ivac y & Conf ide nt ial ity : 1

Mandato ry C ontinuing

[ Prev entio n : Sta te Adv is ory C ouncil Re por ting To H ig hest Ex ec utiv e, Le gis lat ive , And Ju dic ia l Agencie s To Id en tify V AW C ; Public Aw are ness ; Partn ers hip O f Pub lic And Priv ate Se cto rs ; Date B ase ; L oc al Coun cils

Lawyers / La w Enfo rc eme nt: Natu re , Exte nt, C au ses O f VA WC / Prac tic es For Sa fe ty Of V ic tim , Family , H ou seho ld Memb ers / Re source s Ava ila ble F or V ic tims / Se nsi ti vity To Ge nder Bias , C ul tura l, Sex ual Iss ues / Le th ality Of

For Hospital / H ealth Pro fe ssio na ls : In form ation To Ne w Moth ers O n Imp act O f VAWC / Re gula tio n O f Pro gra ms O f In te rve ntio n Fo r Perp etra to rs (Sto pp in g VAWC / A ccou nta bi li ty / Alc oh ol A nd D ru g Pro blems Se par ate

Wher e Som e Me n Wil l Not Obli ge , L et Th e Law Do S o ! Th an k You !

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