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Presented by
Sathish thalabowdi
vGold is the oldest precious metal known to man.
vTherefore, it is a timely subject for several reasons.
vIt is the opinion of the more objective market experts that
the traditional investment vehicles of stocks and bonds are
in the areas of their all-time highs and maybe due for a
severe correction.
vTo fully appreciate why 8,000 years of experience say "
gold is forever", we should review why the world reveres
what England's most famous economist, John Maynard
Keynes, cynically called the "barbarous relic."
 Gold is primarily a monetary asset and partly a commodity.
 More than two thirds of gold's total accumulated holdings account as 'value
for investment' with central bank reserves, private players and high-carat
 Less than one third of gold's total accumulated holdings is as a 'commodity'
for Jewellery in Western markets and usage in industry.
 The Gold market is highly liquid and gold held by central banks, other major
institutions and retail Jewellery keep coming back to the market.
 Due to large stocks of Gold as against its demand, it is argued that the core
driver of the real price of gold is stock equilibrium rather than flow
 Economic forces that determine the price of gold are different from, and in
many cases opposed to the forces that influence most financial assets.
 South Africa is the world's largest gold producer with 394 tons in 2001,
followed by US and Australia.
 India is the world's largest gold consumer with an annual demand of 800
Global scenario:
Gold mine production in 2008

1. China: 288mt (1)

2. United States: 234mt (1)
3. South Africa: 232mt (1)
4. Australia: 225mt
5. Peru: 175mt
6. Russia: 163.9 mt
7. Canada: 100mt
8. Indonesia: 90mt
9. Uzbekistan 85mt
10. Ghana 81mt
Other: 660mt TOTAL: 2356m
World Gold Production Vs South Africa
(Million Ounces)
Indian scenario:
Indian Gold (tonnes) and Prices
Indian Gold Demand in tones
and rupee gold price
Gold jewellery export from India
GMTR of gold
World major markets
 London as the great clearing house
 New York as the home of futures trading
 Zurich as a physical turntable
 Istanbul, Dubai, Singapore and Hong Kong as
doorways to important consuming regions
 Tokyo where TOCOM sets the mood of Japan
 Mumbai under India's liberalized gold regime i
Spot market prices:
Gold future market
Gold 10 grams Gold guinea 8 grams

New York NYMCE futures

Gold ETF
 Exchange Traded Funds are passively
managed funds tracking a benchmark index
and reflect the performance of that index.
They have the flexibility of trading on stock
exchanges like a share and offer best
features of open and close end funds.
Market Moving Factors
 Above ground supply from sales by central
banks, reclaimed scrap and official gold
 Producer / miner hedging interest
 World macro-economic factors - US Dollar,
Interest rate
 Comparative returns on stock markets
 Domestic demand based on monsoon and
agricultural output
Constraints in Development of
 Exchange rate fluctuation.
 Seasonality of Demand.
 Purity of Gold Ornaments.
 Increase cost of production in Gold mines.
 Decline in the Gold mine production.
 Demand exhibits income elasticity,
particularly in the rural and semi-urban areas
U want to know how to


- On Loan
ØTo register themselves with MMTC
ØBank guarantee covering 110% notional value
ØLoan is for 90 days.
- On Outright Basis
ØTo register themselves with MMTC
ØDemand draft/ banker's cheque/ etc
ØDelivery of material after receipt of the amount in
MMTC's bank account.
- On Loan
ØBank Guarantees of required values covering cost of gold
Ørepaid and exported within prescribed days as per Foreign
Trade Policy
- Outright Basis
Øthe notional value of gold (in the form of DD/Banker’s
cheque/ High value cheque)
Øexporter against payment of the differential
Ø- On Replenishment Basis
ØThe quantity of precious metal booked shall be equivalent
to the precious metal content in the exported product and
the admissible wastage.
Øinitial deposit of 20%