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RELIABILITY

DEFINITION
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The ability of an item to perform a required function under stated condition for a period of time or the probability that an item will continue to perform its intended function without failure for a specified period of time under stated conditions.

MAJOR IMPORTANCE OF RELIABILITY:


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Reputation: a companys reputation is closely related to the reliability of the product. The more reliable a product is, the more likely the company is to have a favorable reputation. Customer satisfaction: while a reliable product may not dramatically affect customer satisfaction in a positive manner, an unreliable product will negatively affect customer satisfaction. Warranty Cost: if a product fails to perform its function within the warranty period, the replacement and the repair costs will negatively affect profits.

GOAL:
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The goal of reliability engineering is to evaluate the inherent reliability of a product and pinpoint the potential areas for reliability improvement.

RELIABILITY REDEFINED
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High quality does not mean high reliability Components can pass all quality control checks, but when they are assembled, the interaction effect may decrease the long term operational capability of the assembly. Similarly, when too many technically sophisticated components are assembled, it may lose reliability up to a certain degree.

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System: Input Transformation Process Output Series System: where all components are assembled functionally in series. Parallel System: where all components are placed functionally in parallel. Combination System: a combination of series and parallel systems.

SERIES SYSTEM
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Here the system will work if all the components work simultaneously. Rs = 0.99 x 0.98 x 0.96 = 0.93 = 93% System reliability is lower than the lowest reliability of individual component.

PARALLEL SYSTEM
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B1

B2

B3

Reliability of a system can be increased by placing components in parallel. Thus, a system consisting of n components in parallel will fail only if all components fail simultaneously.

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If A, B, C, D are in parallel connection and their failure probability is F(A), F(B), F(C), F(D) correspondingly. So The failure probability of the system F = F(A) x F(B) x F(C) x F(D) So, the reliability of the system R = 1-F

WHEN RELIABILITY CHANGES WITH TIME


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Failure Rare (): On an average how many components fail per hour. MTBF (1/ ): On an average how many hours taken by a component to be failed.

F(t) = 1- R(t)
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Failure rate () of a system which has a series of components:

= 1+ 2+..+ n
MTBF (1/ ) of a system which has parallel - connected components:

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Reliability of the components are B1 = B2 = B3 = 0.75 and A = C = 0.97. These reliabilities are given for 100 hours. Find out MTBF of the system per 10,000 hours.

B1

B2

B3

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