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OTC103101 OptiX BWS 1600G System Hardware

ISSUE 2.1

Optical Network Curriculum Development Section

Introduction

In DWDM theory, What kind of Key technologies have we learned?

Next, we will learn OptiX BWS 1600G DWDM Optical Transmission System Equipment.

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Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Grasp the general structure of OptiX BWS 1600G
DWDM System,

Understand the working principle of boards in OptiX BWS 1600G DWDM System,

Grasp the functional features of boards in OptiX BWS 1600G DWDM System.

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No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .Reference Material   WDM Principle OptiX BWS 1600G Hardware Description Manual 4 Confidential Information of Huawei.

Contents Chapter Ⅰ: System Overview Chapter Ⅱ:Cabinet and Subrack Chapter Ⅲ:Boards 5 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .

C band:192. over single strand of optical fiber.90THz(1570.57nm) 6 Confidential Information of Huawei.  C-band and L-band are provided .05THz(1529.16nm-1560.System Overview  OptiX BWS 1600G  Designed for ultra high capacity optical backbone transmission network.95THz-190.61nm) L band:186.10THz-196.  It allows to transmit 160 channels simultaneously. No Spreading without Permission. with maximum of 10Gbit/s data rate.42nm-1603. Security Level: Internal .

Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.The position of OptiX BWS 1600G system in an optical transmission network OptiX BWS 1600G OptiX OSN 9500 160 channels 32 channels Backbone Layer OptiX BWS 320G OptiX BWS 1600G OptiX Metro 3100 OptiX Metro 6100 OptiX Metro 6100 OptiX 10G STM-16 32 channels STM-64 Tandem Layer OptiX 2500+ OptiX Metro 6100 OptiX Metro 6100 OptiX 10G OptiX 155/622 OptiX 2500+ OptiX 2500+ STM-16 STM-4 OptiX Metro 500/1000 STM-4/1 OptiX 155/622 STM-4/1 OptiX 155622H OptiX Metro 3000 Access Layer STM-4/1 OptiX Metro 500/1000 7 Confidential Information of Huawei.

Equipment Technical Features
 Ultra capacity with high accuracy
 Smooth capacity expansion  Multi-rate and multi-service access  Long haul transmission  Timing signal transmission  Uniform intelligent network management system

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High Efficient Multi-service Access

10G 10G 2.5G LWF 2.5G TWC 10G 4X2.5G 2×GE 34M~2.5G arbitrary bit rate 155M/622M/2.5G configurable OCU 2.5G LDG LWX LWM

DWDM

• Multiple interfaces available for various applications
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Types of 1600G System
Types
OptiX BWS 1600G-I OptiX BWS 1600G-II OptiX BWS 1600G-III OptiX BWS 1600G-IV OptiX BWS 1600G-V OptiX BWS 1600G-VI (LHP)

Channel spacing
50GHz 100GHz

Characteristics of five types of systems
Scalable 1600G system, support long haul and large capacity transmission. 80 channel system(40 channels in C-band and 40 channels in L-band), each channel can carry up to 10Gbps, Maximum capacity is 800Gbps. 40 channels in C-band, each channel can carry up to 10Gbps, Maximum capacity is 400Gbps For G.653 fiber, mainly be used in L-band. 40 channels in C-band, each channel can carry up to 2.5Gbps, Maximum capacity is 100Gbps 40 channels in C-band, each channel can carry up to 10Gbps, Maximum capacity is 400Gbps 10 channels in C-band, each channel can carry up to 10Gbps, Maximum capacity is 100Gbps
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100GHz 100GHz 100GHz

100GHz 200GHz

Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.

Security Level: Internal

Contents Chapter Ⅰ: System Overview Chapter Ⅱ:Cabinet and Subrack Chapter Ⅲ: Boards 11 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .

Chapter 2 Cabinet and Subrack     Section 1 Cabinet Section 2 Sub-rack Section 3 DCM and HUB Section 4 ODF Sub-rack 12 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .

Security Level: Internal . 2600 (H) X 600 (W) X 300 (D) 13 Confidential Information of Huawei.Cabinet Structure Cabinet Dimension A. 2200 (H) X 600 (W) X 300 (D) B. No Spreading without Permission.

5. 9. 8. 6. Security Level: Internal . 7.Structure of Cabinet Cabinet Description 1. No Spreading without Permission. 2. 3. Front support Sliding protection plate Fiber-blocking plate Frames for DCM & HUB (including front cover plate) Sub-rack Power box 14 Confidential Information of Huawei. Back plate Fiber channels Back support 4.

Power Box 1 2&3 4&5 6&7 OPU board Main power switches Power ground Input -48V/-60V Input 13 14 15 16 Mute Switch RUN & ALM Indicators PMU Board Subrack Com Interface 8. No Spreading without Permission. L subrack Switches Hub Switch 17 18 ALM Interface Power Output 12 TEST Switch 19 Protection Grounds 15 Confidential Information of Huawei.10 11 U. Security Level: Internal . M.9.

The Functions of Power Box    PMU Over-voltage Protection Under-voltage Protection 16 Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.

No Spreading without Permission.Chapter 2 Cabinet and Subrack     Section 1 Cabinet Section 2 Sub-rack Section 3 DCM and HUB Section 4 ODF sub-rack 17 Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal .

power consumption: 650W (when fully-loaded) 18 Confidential Information of Huawei. Fiber Outlet Area 7. No Spreading without Permission. Interface Area 2. Air damper 3. Ventilation Tunnel 4. Security Level: Internal . Hook Max. Fan Tray (with air filter ) 8.Sub-rack Structure Sub-rack Description 1. Front Door 9. Board Area 5. Fiber Spool 6.

IU8~IU13:38mm wide IU7:24mm wide I I I I I I I I I I I I U U U U U U S U U U U U U 1 2 3 4 5 6 C 8 9 1 1 1 1 C 0 1 2 3 / S C E 19 Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal . Fibers outlet from board panel. Slot 7 for SCC/SCE Board. No Spreading without Permission.Board Area in Sub-rack       13 Slots in sub-rack. Fiber Connector: LC/PC IU1~IU6.

Security Level: Internal . ALM 13.POWER2 2. POWER1 20 Confidential Information of Huawei. F&f 10.CLKIN 7. Serial2 12. ETHERNET1 5.OAM 15. Power Filter 3. OCU CLKIN 9. Orderwire 4. CLKOUT 8. F1 14. Serial1 11. ETHERNET2 6. No Spreading without Permission.Sub-rack Interface Area 1.

No Spreading without Permission. Optical fiber wiring area Air inlet Fan box 21 Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal .Air circulation in OptiX BWS 1600G subrack Interface area Air damper Air outlet  Board area Air inlet and outlet should not be blocked.  The cooling and ventilation system of OptiX BWS 1600G is very important.

No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .Chapter 2 Cabinet and Subrack     Section 1 Cabinet Section 2 Subrack Section 3 DCM and HUB Section 4 ODF Cabinet 22 Confidential Information of Huawei.

DCM Frame Box 4. 5.DCM and HUB DCM: Accommodate two DCMs at most. 2. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission. they can not be cascaded. Hub Tray Hub 3. DCM 6. Fiber Fender 23 Confidential Information of Huawei. The 2 Hubs are used alone. Power is supplied to the Hubs from the power box. HUB: Accommodate 2 Hubs at most. 1.

No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .Chapter 2 Cabinet and Subrack     Section 1 Cabinet Section 2 Subrack Section 3 DCM and HUB Section 4 ODF Cabinet 24 Confidential Information of Huawei.

four optical fiber terminals can be mounted. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission. Terminal unit 25 Confidential Information of Huawei. Spool 2. 1. Each unit has 12 rows and 8 columns. so total of 96 flanges can be fixed.ODF Cabinet  OptiX BWS 1600 system offers a optional ODF cabinet. Front door 3. At most. Optical fiber terminal unit is located at the left side of the cabinet.

Please describe the structure and function of OptiX BWS 1600G ODF cabinet. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.Questions  1.  2.What is the structure of OptiX BWS 1600G subrack?  3. 26 Confidential Information of Huawei.Please describe the architecture of OptiX BWS 1600 System Cabinet.

Contents Chapter Ⅰ: System Overview Chapter Ⅱ:Cabinet and Subrack Chapter Ⅲ: Boards 27 Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.

OTM Signal Flow-Transmitting Side OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU M40 C.EVEN ITL DCM C OAU SC1 M40 C- ODD MCA M40 FIU L L- EVEN ITL M40 OAU L- ODD DCM 28 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .

Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.OTM Signal Flow-Receiving Side OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU OTU C-EVEN D40 DCM C ITL C-ODD D40 OAU SC1 RPA-L MCA L-EVEN D40 FIU RPA-C L ITL L-ODD D40 DCM OAU 29 Confidential Information of Huawei.

OptiX BWS 1600G-III Signal Flow DCM 1 C-EVEN OTU 40 D40 OAU FIU RPC Client Side Signal MCA SC1/TC1 1 C-EVEN DWDM OAU FIU OTU 40 M40/V40 DCM 30 Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.

Security Level: Internal .Chapter 4 Boards     Section 1 Optical Transponder Unit Section 2 OM/OD/OADM Unit Section 3 Amplifier Unit Section 4 Other Function Unit 31 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.

V TWC TRC OCU LDG LWX STM-16 Transmitting Optical Wavelength Conversion Unit STM-16 Optical Transmitting Regenerator Quadruple STM-16 MUX STM-64 Optical Wavelength Conversion Unit with FEC 2Gigabit Ethernet Unit Arbitrary Bit Rate Wavelength Conversion Unit II.IV I.III.V II.III.III.IV II.II.V I.III.III.III.III.V 32 Confidential Information of Huawei.IV I.II.V LWM Multi-rate Optical Wavelength Conversion Unit II.Optical Transponder Unit Board Name LWF LWS LRF LRS RWF TWF TRF LWC Full Name STM-64 Transmit-receive Line Wavelength Conversion Unit with FEC Function STM-64 Transmit-receive Line Wavelength Conversion Unit with Enhanced FEC Function STM-64 Line Regenerating Wavelength Conversion Unit with FEC Function STM-64 Line Regenerating Wavelength Conversion Unit with Enhanced FEC Function STM-64 Receiving Optical Wavelength Unit with FEC Function STM-64 Transmitting Optical Wavelength Unit with FEC Function STM-64 Optical Transmitting Regenerator with FEC Function STM-16 Line Wavelength Conversion Unit System I.III.III II. No Spreading without Permission.III II. Security Level: Internal .II.II.III.III II.IV I.II.IV II.V II.III.III.

LWF Performance & alarm monitoring B1. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal . J0 STM-64 Client side STM-64 Optical transponder module G.692 CPU Mailbox SCC 33 Confidential Information of Huawei.692 DWDM side G.

 Error correction coding: Comply with the FEC encoding specified in ITU-T Recommendation G. B2 and J0 bytes are monitored  Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS) function is controlled by NMS.LWF  STM-64 SDH signal ITU-T G. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission. 34 Confidential Information of Huawei.692 compliant DWDM signal  the channel spacing of LWF board is 50GHZ or 100GHz  Support NRZ and super CRZ coding in the line.  The B1.709.

 LRF (STM-64 Line Regenerating Wavelength Conversion Unit with FEC Function) .LWF OptiX BWS 1600G has two different types of LWF board. It is used in REG node. applicable to different systems:  The LWF supporting optical power adjustment and wavelength lock functions is used in OptiX BWS 1600G-I and IV system. 35 Confidential Information of Huawei. and L band of type II system. Security Level: Internal .  The LWF not supporting VOA and wavelength lock function is used in C band of OptiX BWS 1600G-II and III system. No Spreading without Permission.

Security Level: Internal .LWF Category LWF Flash State Off Three times every other second Twice every other second Description No alarm Critical alarm Major alarm RUN ALM Alarm indicator (Red) Tx Rx Once every other second Five times per second Once every two seconds Running indicator (Green) Once every four seconds (2 seconds on and 2 seconds off) Minor alarm Not in service In service The communication with SCC unit is interrupted. and is in off-line working state IN OUT 36 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.

. The attenuation is too large 1. Receiving signal deteriorated 2. Remote station transmitting signals do not have FEC frame structure 1. Receiving signal deteriorated 2. The attenuation of optical path is too high 3. Input optical power is too low 2. No Spreading without Permission.List of LWF board alarms Alarm FEC-LOF Description Loss of receive FEC frame Received FEC frame is out of frame No board software Causes 1. Input optical power is too high 2. Fault occurs in the transmitting part of remote end Critical IN-PWRLOW IN-PWRHIGH BD-STATUS Input power too low Input power too high Board is not in the position 1. Remote station transmitting end problem Software is not loaded on the board Red indicator flashes Three times every other second Three times every other second Three times every other second Three times every other second Alarm category Critical FEC-OOF Critical NO-BD-SOFT Critical R-LOS Loss of signals at receiving end 1. Proper attenuation is not added No board in slot. The optical fiber is broken 2. board mailbox faulty or board is not properly inserted Security Level: Internal Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Major Major Major 37 Confidential Information of Huawei.

The implementation of EFEC gives high quality transmission and longer haul transmission without any electrical regenerator than FEC.LWS Features:  LWS can carry out the wavelength conversion in two directions. Security Level: Internal .692-compliant standard wavelength optical signal. No Spreading without Permission.  Channel spacing: the channel spacing of LWS board is 50GHZ or 100GHz. 38 Confidential Information of Huawei.  It converts the client side signal to the G.

No Spreading without Permission.   The channel spacing of OCU board is 50GHz or 100GHz. The B1.OCU STM-16(A) STM-16(B) STM-16(C) STM-16(D) STM-16(A) STM-16(B) STM-16(C) STM-16(D) G.692 STM-64 4:1 Encoding 1:4 STM-64 Decoding Serv ice processing module Control processing module External 2M clock input Clock processing module 2M clock output  OCU board is quadruple STM-16 MUX STM-64 optical wavelength conversion unit with FEC. 39 Security Level: Internal Confidential Information of Huawei. B2 and J0 bytes are monitored to help locating the fault . .

IN OUT Name Tx1 Tx2 Tx3 Tx4 Connector type LC LC LC LC Description Connected with D40/MR2. laser bias current. IN OUT Rx1 Rx2 Rx3 Rx4 Tx1~Tx4 Rx1~Rx4 OCU can be inserted in slot: 1~5.OCU OCU board performance parameters include:  B1 error counting and B2 error counting. Security Level: Internal .  OCU RUN ALM Output/input optical power. No Spreading without Permission. If OCU board needs external clock. receive signals from external equipment. laser cooling current. Connected with customer equipment. it shall be inserted in slot 12/10/8/5/3/1 in turn. 8~12. laser working temperature and ambient temperature monitoring. Connected with customer equipment. 40 Confidential Information of Huawei. transmit DWDM signal. Connected with M40/MR2. transmit SDH signals to external equipment. receive DWDM signal.

LWC
Performance & alarm monitoring B1, J0

STM-16 Client side (G.957) STM-16 Optical transponder module

G.692 DWDM side G.692

CPU

Mailbox

SCC

The channel spacing of the board is 100GHz, It is mainly used in
system V with only the channel rate of 2.5G.

B1 error counting, B2 error counting. Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS) function is controlled by NMS. TRC is used for electrical regeneration.
Security Level: Internal

 

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Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.

LDG
Performance & alarm monitoring B1, J0

GE1 Client side GE2 GE1 GE2 CPU Optical transponder module

STM-16 DWDM side (G.692) STM-16

Mailbox

SCC

 The 2  Gigabit Ethernet unit, multiplexes 2 GE (Gigabit Ethernet) channels into one ITU-T G.692-compliant STM-16 optical signal for DWDM transmission. It provides two GE optical interfaces (IEEE 802.3z compliant) at the client side. the channel spacing of the board is 100GHz.

In REG station, TWC is used as the regenerating board of LDG.
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LDG

LDG

Name
RUN ALM

Connecto Description r type
LC LC LC Connected with D40/MR2 board, receive DWDM signal. Connected with M40/MR2 board, transmit DWDM signal. Connected with GE customer equipment, transmit IEEE 802.3z standard signal. Connected with GE customer equipment, receive IEEE 802.3z standard signal.

IN1, IN2 OUT1, OUT2 Tx1~Tx2

OUT1 OUT2

IN1 IN2

Rx1 Tx1 Rx2 Tx2

Rx1~Rx2

LC

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Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal

III and V. 140M optical interface). such as OptiX BWS 1600G system II.6G).5Gbit/s) at 1280~1565nm and converts it into standard wavelength DWDM signal in compliance with ITU-  LWX can satisfy the access of non-common service. Fiber Channel (1. No Spreading without Permission. 44 Confidential Information of Huawei. ESCON (200M).LWX Functions and features:  LWX receives arbitrary rate signal (34Mbit/s~2. It can be used in the system with channel spacing as 100GHz.  the channel spacing of the board is 100GHz. Security Level: Internal . such as PDH (34M. 45M.

and supports SDH/SONET and various concatenated services. No Spreading without Permission.LWM Functions and features:  LWM supports the wavelength conversion for three signal rates: STM-1/OC-3. Security Level: Internal .   the channel spacing of the board is 100GHz. LWM board provides B1 monitoring . 45 Confidential Information of Huawei. STM-4/OC-12 and STM-16/OC-48.

Other OTUs To guarantee the compatibility. Notes:   Different Error correction coding.we can adopte the universal wavelength conversion boards in other DWDM system. LGS: convert one GE and one STM-1/4 into STM-16 LQS: convert four low-rate SDH signal into STM-16 46   Confidential Information of Huawei. TRF can be used on the electrical regenerator equipment corresponding to OCU. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.    TWF:STM-64 Transmitting OTU Board with FEC Function RWF:STM-64 Receiving OTU Board with FEC Function TRF:STM-64 Regenerator OTU Board with FEC Function.

Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.Chapter 4 Board Unit   Section 1 Optical Transponder Unit Section 2 Optical Multiplex/Demultiplex/Add/Drop Unit   Section 3 Amplifier Unit Section 4 Other Function Unit 47 Confidential Information of Huawei.

II.V Optical add/drop unit (OADM) MB2 Expandable 2-Channel Optical Add/Drop Multiplexing Board 48 Confidential Information of Huawei.III.IV. No Spreading without Permission.III.II.IV.V I.III.II.II.We will study… Optical multiplexing/ demultiplexing unit (OM/OD) M40 V40 D40 MR2 40-channel Multiplexing Unit 40-channel Multiplexing Unit with VOA 40-channel Demultiplexing Unit 2-channel Add/Drop Unit I.IV. Security Level: Internal .Optical Multiplex/Demultiplex/Add/Drop Unit In OptiX BWS 1600G System.V I.III.V I.

According to the working wavelengths and channels.  channel spacing of the M40 board is 100GHz. M40 is available in four types. 49 Security Level: Internal Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.M40 Optical inputs 1 2 MUX 40 Optical module Electrical module Control and communication circuit Splitter OUT MON SCC  M40 can multiplex 40 optical wavelengths at most. C-EVEN. called C-ODD. L-ODD and L-EVEN accordingly. .

Connected with MCA. AWG heating/cooling current. AWG Name M01~M40 MON OUT M01 M02 M03 M04 M05 M06 working temperature and environmental temperature of board. Security Level: Internal . receives 40 channels corresponding signals Connected with ITL or OAU. transmits multiplexed signal.M40   A dedicated monitoring port (MON) is provided. Support optical power detecting and the alarms & performance reporting. M40  RUN ALM Performance events of M40 include: total output optical power. 50 M23 M24 M25 M26 M27 M28 M29 M30 M31 M32 M33 M34 M35 M36 OUT M37 M38 M39 M40 MON Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. M07 M08 M09 M10 M11 M12 M13 M14 M15 M16 M17 M18 M19 M20 M21 M22 Description Connected with “OUT” port of 40 OTUs. accomplishes online monitoring of optical spectrum.

Main FPGA is not present when board is started 2. or too high line attenuation No board in slot. Security Level: Internal . Output optical power detecting circuit is faulty or board failed 2. board mailbox faulty or board is not properly inserted Too high output optical power Too low output input optical power BD-STATUS Board is not in the position Output optical power of main path is too high Output optical power of main path is too low Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Major SUM-OUTPWR-HI Major SUM-OUTPWR-LOW Major FPGA-ABN FPGA status is abnormal 1. No Spreading without Permission. Main FPGA loading fail Ambient temperature crosses threshold Twice every other second Major TEMP-ALARM Temperature alarm Once every other second Minor 51 Confidential Information of Huawei.M40--Alarms Red indicator flashes Three times every other second Alarm category Critical Alarm MUT-LOS Description Loss of multiplex signal Causes 1.

V40 is a multiplexing unit with built-in variable optical attenuator.V40 Difference between V40 and M40:   V40=VOA+AWG.  V40 is used only for C-band. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission. and is available in two types i.e. 52 Confidential Information of Huawei. C-ODD and C-EVEN.

Channel spacing: 100GHz. . called C-ODD. L-ODD and L-EVEN    AWG Type. Support optical power detecting and the alarms & performance reporting. C-EVEN.D40 MON Input Splitter 40 output DMUX Optical module Electrical module SCC Control and communication circuit signals  D40 is 40-channel optical demultiplexer unit. No Spreading without Permission. it is available in 4 types according to the working wavelengths. Security Level: Internal 53 Confidential Information of Huawei. A dedicated monitoring port (MON) is provided. Similar to M40.

accomplishes online monitoring of optical spectrum. D01~D4 0 RUN ALM IN MON MON IN D01D02 D03 D04 D05D06 D07 D08 D09 D10 D11D12 D13 D14 D15 D16 D17 D18 D19 D20 D21 D22 D23D24 D25D26 D27D28 D29 D30 D31 D32 D33D34 D35D36  Performance events of M40 include: total output optical power. Connected with MCA.D40 Name D40 Description Connected with “IN” port of 40 OTUs. transmits 40 channels corresponding signals to OTUs Connected with ITL or OAU. No Spreading without Permission. AWG heating/cooling current. 54 Confidential Information of Huawei. receives multiplexed signal. D37D38 D39 D40 AWG working temperature and environmental temperature of board. Security Level: Internal .

MB2 D01 D02 MRO IN OUT OADM optical module CPU BMO BMI Mailbox A01 A02 MRI SCC 55 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .

in type IV system. MR2 will add/drop service channel in L-band. III and V system. No Spreading without Permission. II.MR2 A02 D01 A01 MI IN OADM D02 MO OUT  An MR2 board can add/drop two service channels with 100GHz channel spacing. 56 Confidential Information of Huawei.  In type I. Security Level: Internal . MR2 board can add/drop channel in C-band.

Board is not in the position Temperature alarm Twice every other second Once every other second Major Minor 57 . connected with ITL Cascading input/output interface of MR2 D01~D02 RUN ALM MON IN/OUT MI/MO A01 A02  Alarms D 01 D 02 Alarm MUT-LOS Description Loss of multiplex signal Causes 1. receive (add) accessing channel at home station Connected with OTU. transmit (drop) service channel to local station Input/output from main DWDM path i. Fiber is not connected or the connection is poor No board in slot. Output optical power detecting circuit is faulty or board failed 2.e. board mailbox faulty or board is not properly inserted Ambient temperature crosses threshold Security Level: Internal Red indicator flashes Three times every other second Alarm Level Critical OU T MO IN MI BDSTATUS TEMPALARM Confidential Information of Huawei.MR2  Interfaces: Name Description A01~A02 MR 2 Connected with OTU. No Spreading without Permission.

Chapter 4 Board Unit   Section 1 Optical Transponder Unit Section 2 Optical Multiplex/Demultiplex/Add/Drop Unit   Section 3 Amplifier Unit Section 4 Other Functional Unit 58 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .

No Spreading without Permission.Optical Amplifier Unit OptiX BWS 1600G offers a few types of optical fiber amplifiers:  OAU/OBU/OPU -Erbium-Doped optical Fiber Amplifier (EDFA)  RPA/RPC/RPL -Raman optical fiber amplifier 59 Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal .

No Spreading without Permission. OBU  OAU-CG and OAU-LG: when only the EDFA used in the system. OPU L-band: OAU. OBU. Security Level: Internal .Erbium-Doped optical Fiber Amplifier C-band: OAU. OPU can amplify C-band 80 channels. 60 Confidential Information of Huawei.  OAU-CR and OAU-LR If Raman amplifier is installed together with EDFA   OBU board can also be classified in C band and L band.

Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission. 61 Confidential Information of Huawei.OAU IN OUT EDFA optical module MON Control and communication module SCC An OAU (line amplifier) consists of PA (pre amplifier) and BA (booster amplifier). An external DCM (dispersion compensation module) can be attached in between these two amplifiers. OBU just have one BA module.

Provide gain flatness function. Security Level: Internal . with 50GHz channel spacing. and 33dB. 28dB. No Spreading without Permission. It can enable the full-band optical amplification of C and L bands by using different types of OAU.OAU Functions:  It can amplify 80 optical channels simultaneously. and the typical gain is respectively 23dB. The gain provided by OAU board can be adjusted continuously. 62 Confidential Information of Huawei.   For the provision of gain-locking function.

low loss special erbium-doped fiber. The pump power for different wavelengths in L-band is far lager than that in C-band. No Spreading without Permission. Features:  It is a high-density. ensuring the stable gain curve and gain flatness of L-band signal. the erbium-doped optical fiber can work in stable working temperature. 63 Confidential Information of Huawei.OAU L-band OAU a gain shift erbium-doped fiber amplifier (GS-EDFA) is being used in L band in type I system. Security Level: Internal .

Input optical power is too high 3. Output optical power detecting circuit is faulty or board failed 2. No Spreading without Permission. Environmental temperature is high 2. A/D detect circuit failed 1. Security Level: Internal . Fiber is not connected or the connection is poor 1. Line attenuation is too large 1. Input power is too low. Laser cooling equipment is faulty Alarm category Critical OA-LOW-GAIN The gain of optical amplifier is lower Three times every other second Twice every other second Critical IN-PWR-LOW Input optical power is too low Major PUMP-TEMPALM Pump temperature crosses threshold Twice every other second Major 64 Confidential Information of Huawei.OAU Red indicator flashes Three times every other second Alarm MUL-LOS Description Loss of multiplex signals Causes 1. maybe the too big attenuation is added 2. Pump laser is aged 2.

65 Confidential Information of Huawei.Raman Amplifier (RPA) SYS LINE Raman pump source module MON Control and communication module SCC Optical fiber Raman amplifier is used at the receiving end of DWDM system to amplify optical signals. OptiX BWS 1600G facilitates the network operators with three types of Raman amplifiers including RPC. RPL and RPA. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.

 Raman amplification requires a strong light source (pumping). 66 Confidential Information of Huawei. receive control command to switch on/off pump source.Raman Amplifier (RPA)  The gain of Raman amplifier is 10dB. report various performances and alarms. and enable pump laser protection. No Spreading without Permission.  Provides pump power automatic locking. Security Level: Internal . Used with appropriate EDFA. it enables the flatness of system gain to be less than 2dB. fiber Raman amplifier is always used with the EDFA amplifier. divide signal light.  In the OptiX BWS 1600G system. so the noise figure will be greatly reduced.

transmit amplified signals to the local equipment Connected with MCA RPL output. connected with RPL so that full band transmission can be realized Connected with FIU. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .Raman Amplifier (RPA) Na m e RPA RPC RPL Connect or type E2000/AP C E2000/AP C E2000/AP C LC E2000/APC Description Connected with optical fiber line. receive remote signals (other station) Extended interface of RPC. connected with RPC LINE EXT RUN ALM RUN ALM RUN ALM LINE OUT SYS MON EXT OUT LINE SY S MON SY S MON 67 Confidential Information of Huawei.

Laser driving circuit failure 2. No Spreading without Permission. Laser is aged Power failure or power is off Chip register damaged No board in slot. Detecting circuit failure 1. Laser cooling equipment is faulty 1. . Detecting circuit failure Red indicator flashes Twice every other second Alarm category Major OUT-PWR-LOW Output power is too low 1. Environmental temperature is high 2. Laser driving circuit failure 2.Raman Amplifier (RPA) Alarm OUT-PWR-HIGH Description Output power is too high Causes 1. board mailbox faulty or board is not properly inserted Security Level: Internal Twice every other second Major PUMP-TEMP-ALM Pump temperature crosses threshold Laser cooling current crosses threshold Board power failure alarm Write/read register failed Board is not in the position Twice every other second Major PUMP-COOL-ALM Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Major POWER-FAILURE W-R-FAILURE BD-STATUS Major Major Major 68 Confidential Information of Huawei. Environmental temperature is very high 2.

No Spreading without Permission.Chapter 4 Board Unit   Section 1 Optical Transponder Unit Section 2 Optical Multiplex/Demultiplex/Add/Drop Unit   Section 3 Amplifier Unit Section 4 Other Functional Unit 69 Confidential Information of Huawei. Security Level: Internal .

No Spreading without Permission.Other Functional Unit In this part.we will learn…    SC1/SC2、TC1/TC2 OCP、OLP、SCS Optional part. Security Level: Internal .including… MCA VA4 DCM ITL FIU 70 Confidential Information of Huawei.

REG.two different types of boards are used.SC1/SC2 SCC Optica l supervisory signal Receiving module Optical supervisory signal Overhead processing module Transmitting module CPU SCC Mailbox  The supervisory board is mainly monitors the optical channels. SC2 is dual-directional supervisory channel unit. . named SC1 & SC2. used in OTMs. No Spreading without Permission. and OADM. collects and transmits the orderwire & NM information. 71 Security Level: Internal Confidential Information of Huawei.  SC1 is a single-directional optical supervisory channel unit. used in OLA.

III and V is 1510nm.SC1/SC2 Features:  SC1/SC2 board is independent from the main control board. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission. II. while the wavelength of supervisory signal in system IV is 1625nm. with 3R function. 72 Confidential Information of Huawei. The signal wavelength of supervisory channel in OptiX BWS 1600G system I.   SC1/SC2 is transmitted in sections.

to receive supervisory channel TM RM TM1 TM2 RM1 RM2 73 Confidential Information of Huawei.SC1/SC2 SC1 SC2 RUN ALM RUN ALM Name TM1/TM2 RM1/RM2 Connector type LC LC Description Connected with FIU. Security Level: Internal . to transmit supervisory channel Connected with FIU. No Spreading without Permission.

Proper attenuation is not added Optical transmitting module fault or wrong optical module parameters setting Optical transmitting module fault or wrong optical module parameters setting 1. The optical fiber is broken 2. Input optical power is too high 2.SC1/SC2 Alarm R-LOS Description Loss of signals at receiving end Causes 1. The attenuation of optical path is too high 3. Security Level: Internal . The attenuation is too large 1. Input optical power is too low 2. Fault occurs in the transmitting part of remote end Input optical power is too low or excessive bit errors. Loop command is in execution for the sake of media testing 2. Auto-execution of loop by board for testing Alarm indicator flashes Three times every other second Alarm category Critical R-LOF NO-BD-SOFT IN-PWR-LOW IN-PWR-HIGH OUT-PWRHIGH OUT-PWRLOW LOOP-ALARM Loss of frame at receiving end No board software Input power too low Input power too high Output power too high Three times every other second Three times every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Once every other second Critical Critical Major Major Major Output power too low Major Indication of loop in operation Minor 74 Confidential Information of Huawei. Software is not loaded on the board 1. No Spreading without Permission.

Supervisory information and clock signals are transmitted in both 1510nm and 1625nm.  Provide equipment-level 1+1 board protection. and double optical wavelength redundancy protection. and provide electrical interface for the external synchronous signal and synchronous equipment timing source.TC1/TC2 TC1/TC2. but also provides the clock transmission function  Provide 3-channel E1 clock service add/drop. Clock interface :2048kbit/s or 2048kHz . No Spreading without Permission. not only accomplishes the supervisory channel processing function. Security Level: Internal . 75 Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .  The only difference of SCE with the SCC lies in its absence of orderwire overhead processing function . It implements the orderwire overhead processing as well.SCC To other boards DCC interface Control logic & mailbox C P U Orderwire phone Data communication network NM Memory  it accomplishes all the management functions and is responsible for the communication between the equipment and network management system. 76 Confidential Information of Huawei.

SCC SCC Name RST ALC Description Reset button for board resetting Alarm switch is used to activate or deactivate the alarm buzzer which located at the top of the Cabinet RUN ALM ETN SCC can be inserted in slot: 7 RST ALC 77 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .

Security Level: Internal .SCC Alarm indicator flashes Three times every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Twice every other second Once every other second Alarm NESTATE-INSTALL Description NE is in being installed Alarm category Critical FAN-FAIL POWER-FAIL CFGVERIFY BD-STATUS TEMP-ALARM Fan failure Power fail Configuration is not verified Board is not in the position Temperature crossed the threshold Major Major Major Major Minor 78 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.

OCP OUT1 OUT2 OUT8 TP RP IN8 IN2 IN1 Client side RX1 RX2 Coupler Optical Tx module Optical Rx module Coupler TX1 TX2 Client side RX8 Optical sw itch Optical sw itch TX8 Control circuit SCC Mailbox CPU Control circuit module 79 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal .

APS The (automatic protection switch) protocol is involved in 1:8 OTU protection. 80 Confidential Information of Huawei. OCP board provides 1:8 OTU protection. Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission. whole switching process is completed within 200ms.  The OCP board is usually placed in between OTU and SDH equipment accessed.OCP Features:  The function of OCP (optical channel protection) board is to protect OTU wavelength channel to Ensure uninterrupted service channel transmission.

Security Level: Internal .OLP splitter C+L FROM FIU splitter splitter PIN to control circuit PIN splitter C+L TO FIU 1 x 2 optical sw itch splitter splitter FROM FIU C+L PIN to control circuit PIN 1 x 2 optical sw itch TO FIU C+L 81 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.

Security Level: Internal . No Spreading without Permission.OLP OLP RUN Name T/R T01/T02 ALM Connecto r type LC LC Description Connected with FIU and access line signals Connected with both active/standby optical fibers to transmit at transmitting end T01 R01 R01/R02 LC Connected with both active/standby optical fibers to receive at receiving end T02 T R02 R 82 Confidential Information of Huawei.

OLP board will generate protection switching from the standby fiber to the active fiber.OLP board will not generate protection switching. It means that both active and standby fibers are in normal status 83 Confidential Information of Huawei.  Pw≤-35dBm,Pp>-34dBm.Pp>-35dBm (i)|Pw-Pp|≥5dB .OLP  Pw≤-34dBm,Pp≤-34dBm. but corresponding alarm is reported. (iii)|Pw-Pp|<3dB.  Pw>-35dBm.  Pw>-34dBm,Pp≤-35dBm. No Spreading without Permission.OLP board will generate protection switching from the active fiber to the standby fiber.No switching occurs.services will be switched to the fiber with larger optical power (ii)3dB≤|Pw-Pp|<5dB . Security Level: Internal .

Security Level: Internal . the system triggers the automatic switching process.  When LOS. Active path Tx Tx SCS Rx Rx SCS Rx Rx Redundant path Tx Tx 84 Confidential Information of Huawei. B1-EXC alarms are reported. and it executes switching by detecting SD and SF events of the channel. No Spreading without Permission.SCS Sync optical channel separator (SCS) board helps in providing system protection at optical path and OTU level :  No need the support of protocol.

.  of optical signal for 8 channels.  MCA board accesses the signals to be tested. power. OSNR and other parameters online spectrum analysis and supervisory function.. 85 Confidential Information of Huawei. from monitoring ports (MON) located at M40. Security Level: Internal . V40. 8 Optical spectrum analysis module Driving/ control circuit CPU Mailbox SCC  MCA (Multi-channel spectrum analyzer unit) facilitates with built-in it can supervise central wavelength. No Spreading without Permission. OAU and FIU etc.MCA 1 2 . D40.

VA4 Features:  VA4 board is used for optical power adjustment and equalization. 86 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.  One VA4 can process four optical channels.  VA4 board is mainly used in OADM equipment. Security Level: Internal . It drives the variable optical attenuator according to the control command sent by the SCC. It is also located before M40 to achieve the power adjustment of the accessed optical power signals.

DCM Features:  It uses negative dispersion slope to compensate the positive dispersion of transmitting fiber. Security Level: Internal .  DCM is installed between PA and BA of optical amplification unit of OTM. OADM and OLA equipment.   a DCM unit is classified in C & L band DCMs. No Spreading without Permission. so as to maintain the original shape of the signal impulse. Typical compensation distance are 20km 、 40km 、 60km 、 80km、100km; 87 Confidential Information of Huawei.

No Spreading without Permission. Security Level: Internal . converges ODD and EVEN channels to one stream with 50GHz channel spacing and sends to FIU board.  The optical module comprises two interleavers. ODD D40 100GHz 50GHz TO EVEN D40 TE Interleaver IN OAU ODD M40 RO RE EVEN M40 100GHz ITL Interleaver OUT 50GHz OAU 88 Confidential Information of Huawei.ITL Features:  ITL board is only used in OptiX BWS 1600G-I and II system. multiplexing/demultiplexing the odd channels and even channels.

 The third type FIU-III only supports the multiplexing/demultiplexing of C band and supervisory signals (1510nm). system IV). applied in the 400G system of L band (i. V).  The fourth type FIU-IV only supports the multiplexing/demultiplexing of L band and supervisory signals (1625nm). No Spreading without Permission. The board components are then reduced and the cost is saved.FIU FIU (Fiber Interface Unit) is located in front of the supervisory channel board and behind the amplifier unit in OptiX BWS 1600G system. 89 Security Level: Internal Confidential Information of Huawei. .e. It is used in C band 400G/100G system (System III.   FIU has four types of different specifications: the first type FIU-I board is only used in the system needing clock protection (1625nm protection wavelength).  The second type FIU-II is only applicable in the 1600G system without clock protection..

Two WDM optical couplers can be omitted in L band. C band signal is further processed to extract the optical supervisory channel (1510nm) and L band signal is further processed to extract the protective optical supervisory channel (1625nm) TMB TM 1625nm TC TL WDM 1510nm WDM C-band L-band C/L WDM IN RL RC WDM WDM 1625nm L-band C-band C/L WDM splitter OUT MON FIU-II board is used. No Spreading without Permission. both at transmitting and receiving ends. Security Level: Internal .FIU-I FIU-I receives main channel signal from optical fiber through IN interface. 1510nm RMB RM 90 Confidential Information of Huawei. then divides it into C and L bands signals.

RC C-band OUT MON 1510nm RM 91 Confidential Information of Huawei. multiplexing/demultiplexing the C band signal and supervisory signal in the transmitting and receiving directions respectively. TM 1510nm C-band TC EAST WDM IN LINE WEST WDM splitter FIU-IV board used in L band 400G system only includes two WDM components. Security Level: Internal .FIU-III FIU-III board used in C band 400G system only includes two WDM components. No Spreading without Permission. multiplexing/demultiplexing the L band signal and supervisory signal in the transmitting and receiving directions respectively.

No Spreading without Permission. receive C/L band channels ALM ALM ALM IN/OUT MON MON MON Connected with fiber Transmit/Receive supervisory channel over 1510nm TM/RM IN OUT TC RC IN OUT TC RC IN OUT TC RC TMB/RMB Transmit/Receive backup supervisory channel over 1625nm Connected with MCA MON TM RM TL RL TM RM TL RL TM RM TMB RMB From left to right:FIU-I、FIU-II、FIU-III 92 Confidential Information of Huawei. transmit C/L band channels RUN RUN RUN RC/RL Connected with OAU.Name TC/TL FIU FIU FIU Description Connected with OAU. Security Level: Internal .

Security Level: Internal .93 Confidential Information of Huawei. No Spreading without Permission.