Bloodborne Pathogens 17398 | Infection | Public Health

Bloodborne Pathogens

Presented by
Bill Taylor

Bloodborne Pathogens Training

29 CFR 1910.1300 is the OSHA regulation for occupational exposure to blood or other possibly infectious materials. All employees who can be reasonably expected to be occupationally exposed must be provided with training.

Treat all blood and body fluids as potentially infectious . They may be transmitted with any exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material.Bloodborne Pathogens ► Bloodborne Pathogens Bloodborne pathogens are disease causing microorganisms that may be present in human blood.

000 are infected with HIV .000 ► 35.Who Has or Caries BBP ► All types of people have potentially dangerous viruses annually people are infected with Hepatitis ► 300.

Hepatitis and HIV ► Of the many different Bloodborne Pathogens we will discuss two of the more talked about types. ► Hepatitis ► HIV and .

is a vaccine for HBV but there is no cure.Hepatitis B Facts ► 200 out of 8700 health care workers contracting Hepatitis B yearly will die. can survive on surfaces at room temperature for several days and in dried blood for up to a week. ► Hepatitis ► There .

You may feel extremely tired and not be able to work for weeks or months. You may have nausea.Symptoms of Hepatitis B ► ► ► Your eyes or skin may turn yellow. vomiting. ► . stomach or joint pain. fever. You may lose your appetite.

persons who get hepatitis C carry the virus for the rest of their lives. ► Most . which is found in the blood of persons who have this disease.Hepatitis C ► Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV).

average of 35.000 people are estimated to become infected each year. ► While . treatment techniques are improving.931 ► An individuals were living with HIV/AID in 2002.Human Immunodeficiency Virus ► 281. there is no cure or preventative vaccine for HIV.

but often include weakness. a white coating on the tongue. weight loss.Human Immunodeficiency Virus ► Unlike HBV. HIV typically lasts less than 2 hours outside the human body. ► Symptoms . diarrhea. nausea. of HIV infection can vary. sore throat. headaches. and swollen lymph glands. fever.

or other sharps ► Contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids ► Contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids . broken glass.HIV Modes of Transmission ► Sexual Contact ► Sharing of hypodermic needles ► Accidental puncture from contaminated needles.

transmission is most likely to occur because of ► accidental puncture from contaminated needles. or other sharps.Occupational Exposures ► In most work or laboratory situations. ► contact between broken or damaged skin and infected body fluids. ► broken glass. or ► contact between mucous membranes and infected body fluids. .

Universal Precautions Treat ALL blood and potentially infectious body fluids as if they are infectious. ► Use PPE ► Decontaminate and clean-up appropriately ► Dispose of of contaminated items correctly .

Gowns.Personal Protective Equipment ► Latex gloves ► Masks ► Aprons. or Tyvek suits ► Face shields ► Whenever you need to wear a face mask. you must also wear eye protection Personal protective Equipment should prevent blood or other possible infectious material from contaminating work clothes. eyes. or other mucous membranes. undergarments. . skin. mouth. street clothes.

or has lost its ability to function as a barrier to bloodborne pathogens. PPE before leaving the work area.Personal Protective Equipment ► Always wear personal protective equipment in exposure situations. PPE that is torn or punctured. PPE that is torn or punctured. ► Remove ► Replace ► Remove .

► Avoid harsh or abrasive soaps. use waterless hand sanitizer.Hygiene Any exposed skin should be washed thoroughly as soon as possible. Hand washing is considered to be the most effective method of preventing transmission of BBPs . ► If washing facilities are not available.

Hygiene ► If you are working in an area where there is reasonable likelihood of exposure. apply cosmetics or lip balm. food or drink should be kept in refrigerators. drink. smoke. or on counter tops where blood or potentially infectious materials are present. ► No . freezers. cabinets. or handle contact lenses. shelves. you should never eat.

► Absorbent ►A . 10% bleach solution will effectively decontaminate surfaces but should remain on the surface for approximately 10 minutes. materials such as paper towels can be used to soak up spills.Decontamination ► All spills of blood must be cleaned up appropriately using Universal Precautions.

► Dispose . of contaminated paper or cloth in a labeled Bio-Hazard bag.Waste Disposal ► Contaminated wastes should NEVER be disposed of in a regular trash can.

► Broken . glassware should not be picked up directly with the hands.Waste Disposal ► Glassware that has been decontaminated may be disposed of in an appropriate sharps container.

Emergency Procedures ► If     you are exposed: Don’t panic Wash the area thoroughly Flush mucous membranes Report the exposure risk of contracting disease is very low. ► Your .

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