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SEISMIC RESISTANT DESIGN OF

MULTISTOREY BUILDING

PRESENTED BY
SANTHOSH T S
SUJAY RAGHAVENDRA N
SUBRAMANYA M B
VINAY N

GUIDED BY
JEEVAN N
Lecturer
BIT, Bangalore

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

TYPE OF STRUCTURE

PRELIMINARY DESIGN

LOADINGS

ANALYSIS

DESIGN

CONCLUSION

REFERENCE

INTRODUCTION
The multistoried buildings have been designed by considering following concept
and design tools.

Economy

Serviceability

Indian Standard Code practice

STAAD Pro (tool for the analysis and design)

METHODS OF ANALYSIS

Kanis method

Slope deflection method

Moment area method

STAAD PRO.

STAAD is a leading structural analysis and design software from Research


Engineers.

It addresses the entire process of Structural Engineering. Model development,


Analysis,

Design,

Detailing of reinforcement and even the

individual structural element.

design some

FEATURES AVAILABLE IN STAAD PRO

Any kind of structure could be modeled.

Member properties, member offsets,

material constants and support

specifications could be easily assigned.

Loads in a structure can be specified easily.

Seismic analysis of structure can be done.

STAAD Pro offers various mode of operation such as pre processing ,post

processing, interactive design mode.

DATA

Type : Multistoried ResidentialBuilding (G+4)

Plan : Shown in figure below

Use :RESIDENTIAL purpose

Geometric Details : Floor to Floor =3m

Loads :D.L., L.L., E.L.

Roof : R.C Slab

Wall : Bricks (230mm)

Concrete : Grade M20,

Steel : Fe415

SBC :250KN/m2

Types of loads

Dead Load (D.L) (Self Wt of the member+ Wall load)

Live Load (L.L) (Load acting on the building)

Seismic Loads(E.L) (Earthquake Load)

ANALYSIS

Model

Assigning of Structural Properties

Assigning of Supports

Assigning of Loads to different member

Different Load combination

Perform Analysis

Run Analysis

Output

Model of Structure

SPECIFYING MEMBER PROPERTIES

For beams

230 230mm
230 450mm

For columns

Slab thickness

300 600mm
120mm

ASSIGINING MEMBER PROPERTIES:

Selecting members parallel to x and z axis to give beam properties.

Selecting members parallel to y axis to give column properties

Size of beam and column selected is initially assumed and then checked in
design whether it is safe or has to be redimensioned.

Column orientation can be done with the help of beta angle option in properties
tool bar.

SUPPORT SPECIFICATIONS:

Supports are specified as PINNED, FIXED, or FIXED with different

releases.

Supports are provided at the column to disperse the load to the soil.

Created with the help of command menu or support page.

Here all the supports are fixed.

LOADING CALCULATIONS

Thickness of slab= 120mm

Self weight of the slab =0.12*25


Floor finish
Live load for residential
building (as IS-875 Part-2)
Partition wall load

3KN/m
1.25KN/m
2KN/m
1KN/m
__________
7.25KN/m

Factored load= 7.251.5 10.875KN/m

LOADING CALCULATIONS (Continued)

Thickness of 230mm wall


Wall load = t*h*d = 0.23*2.7*1811.178KN/m
Where t wall thickness in m
h height of floor in m
d density of brick in KN/m

Thickness of 200mm wall

Wall load = t*h*d = 0.2*2.7*18 9.72KN/m


Where t wall thickness in m
h height of floor in m
d density of brick in KN/m

Earthquake Load (as per IS 1893-2002)

LOADING DATA ENTRY:

Dead load is calculated and live load is taken from IS-875 (Part-I and Part-II) code
of practice for design loads.

The slab load is given by floor with y range option in load command by entering the
diagonal co-ordinates of that particular slab.

Wall load is given as uniform forces from load command.

Stair case, toilet and terrace loads are given by selecting specific area.

Load distribution in one way Slab

Load distribution for two way Slab

FLOOR LOAD

ROOF LOAD

SPECIFYING WALL LOAD

WALL LOAD

PARAPET WALL LOAD

Seismic Definition as per IS:1893-2002(Part-1)

TO FIND JOINT WEIGHT

To take Joint Weight Separate window is opened and then wind load is deleted in
that window . In this window only dead load and live load is taken and then all the
nodes should be pinned except the fixed support at the bottom and then combination

should be given.

For Dead load more than 3.5KN/m


Combination=(DL+0.5LL)

For Dead load less than 3.5KN/m


Combination=(DL+0.25LL)

Earth quake load in +X Direction in a typical frame

Earth quake load in X Direction in a typical frame

Earth quake load in +Z Direction in a typical frame

Earth quake load in Z Direction in a typical frame

Load combination as per IS: 1893-2002(Part-I)

In limit design of RCC and PSC structures the following load


combination shall be accounted
1.5(DL+LL)
1.2( DL+LL EL)
1.5(DL EL)
0.9DL 1.5EL

3D MODEL OF STRUCTURE

PERFORMING ANALYSIS:

Analysis is done for the primary and combination loading conditions provided.

Depending on the type of analysis option selected, different types of output files
are generated during the analysis process.

POST PROCESSING AND OUTPUTS

If there are no errors in the input, the analysis is successfully completed. The
extensive facilities of the Post-processing mode can then be used to view the
results graphically and numerically

To assess the suitability of the structure from the


efficiency

To create customized reports and plots

safety, serviceability and

Bending moments in the entire structure

Bending moments in in a typical frame

Shear forces in a typical frame

Bending moments in a typical beam

Shear forces in a typical beam

Column loads in a typical column

Column moments in a typical column

Net load acting over each footing by respective columns

DESIGN OF VARIOUS COMPONENTS

Design of Slabs

Design of Beams

Design of Columns

Design of Staircase

Design of Footing

DESIGN OF SLABS

SLABS

ONE WAY SLABS are those supported continuously on the opposite sides so that
the loads are carried along one direction only.

TWO WAY SLABS are those slabs that are supported continuously on all four
sides and are of such dimensions that
along both direction

the loads are carried to the supports

Continuous slab design

Continuous slabs are subjected to negative moments at supports and positive


moments at mid span. Hence the design is required at all critical sections.

Design procedure
Assume a depth of l/30 th span.
Effective span shall be found as explained in Clause 22.2 Pg 34&35 is 456:2000
Find design moment and shear force.
Design for moment .
Check for shear.
Check for deflection control.
Design main steel and distribution steel.
Sketch reinforcement details.

DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLABS

Dimension
Along X Lx
Along Z Ly
Bending moment coefficients for rectangular panels supported on four sides with
provision for torsion at corners are given in table 26 of IS 456:2000
Bending moments per unit width in a slab are given by
2
M x = x w l x
2
M y = y w l x
Moments are factored.
Check for depth of slab
d= ((Mmax)/(0.138*fck*b d) )0.5

Check whether Mu<Mulim and design as singly reinforced section


Then provide main reinforcement by calculating Ast
along X direction
along Z direction

Now check for shear stress


determine pt=100Ast/bd
from table 19 Pg 73 IS 456; find c
Since thickness of slab is less than 150 mm, enhance factor k=1.3 has to
provided
now v = Vu/bd
If v< c< cmax then shear reinforcement is not required.
Check for deflection control
for continuous slab (l/d)basic=26
if (l/d)provided < (l/d) max deflection control is satisfactory.
Take care of crack width control
Provide reinforcement in edge strip, parallel to that edge with the
minimum requirement=12% of overall depth
TORSION REINFORCEMENT
Provide torsion reinforcements at corners where two discontinuous
edges meet.
Size of mesh = (1/5) short span
Area of torsional reinforcement = (3/4)Ast max

DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB

DESIGN OF ONE WAY SLAB

Reinforcement details of the slabs


Slab End condition
no

Dimension
c/c
m

ly/lx

Type of Depth Reinforcement @ mid


slab
mm
span
Along
shorter
direction
10mm@
280c/c

Reinforcement @ support

Along
Along
longer
shorter
directio
direction
n
10mm@ 10mm@
2 50c/c 280c/c

Along longer
direction

One short
4.545X3.605
edge
discontinuous

1.26

Two way

120

10mm@
250c/c

Interior Panel 3.219X3.605

1.12

Two way

120

10mm@28 10mm@ 10mm@


0c/c
250c/c 280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

Interior Panel 3.221X3.605

1.12

Two way

120

10mm@28 10mm@ 10mm@


0c/c
250c/c 280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

One short
4.545X3.645
edge
discontinuous

1.25

Two way

120

10mm@28 10mm@ 10mm@


0c/c
250c/c 280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

Interior Panel 3.219X3.645

1.13

Two way

120

10mm@28 10mm@ 10mm@


0c/c
250c/c 280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

Interior Panel 3.221X3.645

1.13

Two way

120

10mm@28 10mm@ 10mm@


0c/c
250c/c 280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

Interior Panel 4..545X3.645

1.25

Two way

120

10mm@28 10mm@ 10mm@


0c/c
250c/c 280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

One short
3.070X3.645
edge
discontinuous

1.19

Two way

120

10mm@28 10mm@ 10mm@


0c/c
250c/c 280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

Distribution
bars

One short
edge
discontinuous

3.180X
4.545

1.43

Two
way

120

10mm@280c/c

10mm@250c/c 10mm@
280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

10

Interior Panel

3.180X
3.219

1.01

Two
way

120

10mm@280c/c

10mm@250c/c 10mm@
280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

11

Interior Panel

3.180X
3.221

1.01

Two
way

120

10mm@280c/c

10mm@250c/c 10mm@
280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

12

Interior Panel

3.180X
4.545

1.43

Two
way

120

10mm@280c/c

10mm@250c/c 10mm@
280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

13

One short
edge
discontinuous

3.070X
3.180

1.03

Two
way

120

10mm@280c/c

10mm@250c/c 10mm@
280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

14

One short
edge
discontinuous

1.835X
3.070

Two
way

120

10mm@280c/c

10mm@250c/c 10mm@
280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

15

Interior Panel

3.605X
4.545

1.26

Two
way

120

10mm@280c/c

10mm@250c/c 10mm@
280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

16

One short
edge
discontinuous

3.070X
3.605

1.17

Two
way

120

10mm@280c/c

10mm@250c/c 10mm@
280c/c

10mm@
250c/c

1.315X
4.545

3.46 One way 120

10mm@300c/c

8mm@340
c/c

17
One way slab
18

One way slab

1.315X
3.219

2.45 One way 120

10mm@300c/c

8mm@340
c/c

19

One way slab

1.315X
3.221

2.45 One way 120

10mm@300c/c

8mm@340
c/c

DESIGN OF BEAMS

DESIGN OF CONTINOUS BEAMS

Use of SP-16 for design of beams.

Charts 1-18 give the moment of resistance /meter width for varying depths &
varying % of steel, for various values of fck (15, 20) using fy=250,415,500.

Tables 1-4 of SP-16 give the reinforcements percentage needed for various values
of Mu/bd2 & fy, for fck = 15, 20, 25, 30.

Tables 5-44 of SP-16 give the moment of resistance /meter width of various
thickness of slabs for different bar diameters and spacing for various values of fy
and fck

Using IS 456:2000

Effective depth may be taken as 1/15th to 1/20th span.


The critical sections for design are usually at supports and in the midspan.
IS 456:2000 permits use of design bending moment and shear force coefficients
in Clause 22.5.1 and table12 & 13 Pg 36, but in our case we have ready BM and
SF at various c/s by STAAD results.
Factored moments and shear forces are taken.
Design of longitudinal reinforcements
If Mu>Mulim the section has to be reinforced as doubly reinforced.
we can calculate Ast required at various c/s at supports, at midspan
Shear reinforcements are provided in the form of stirrups-2 legged or 4 legged
Check for deflection is done. if (l/d)provided < (l/d) max
deflection control is
satisfactory. Modification factors kt, kc, kf are given in fig 4,5,6 pg 38 IS456
Clear cover -25 mm

CLASSIFICATION OF BEAMS
Type of beam

Name of the member

Size of the

Max +ve BM

Max ve BM

Max shear

beam

(kN-m)

(kN-m)

Force

(mm)

(KN)

811,821,831,842,843,844,984,845,846,987,848,849,820,840
,219,224,314,319,409,414,504,509
B1
B2

B3

B4

B5

841,1172,1173,850,235,425,520
861,911,961,981,991,921,931,881,891,862,882,892,912,922
,932,962,982,992,913,933,864,894,914,934,964,994,905,91
5,945,955,906,916,946,956,867,897,917,937,96,997,918,93
8,869,889,899,919,929,939,969,125,129,130,230,317,325,3
27,330,412,420,422,1170,507,515,517599,600,602,604,605,
1041,995,996,1050,227,322,417,512
1011,1021,1031,1043,887,1048,
1049,1020,1040,220,225,315,320,
410,415,505,510,971,871,972,893,
993,884,974,1044,815,835,816,836
847,977,1047,898,998,979,830,880
980,115,120,127,222,590,595,596,
132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,1148,228,229,231,23
3,234, 1150,323,324,326,328,329,418,419
421,423,1182,1175,1178,513,514,
516,518,519,607,608,609,610,611,612,613,614,615,1051,10
01,941, 951,901,851,852,902,942,952,1002
1052,853,903,943,853,1003,1053,
854,904,944,954,1004,1054,855,
1151,1183,1055,856,1149,1006,
1184,1056,857,907,947,1054,855,
1151,1183,1055,856,1149,1006,
1184,1056,857,907,947,957,1007,
1057,858,908,948,958,1008,1058,
859,909,949,959,1009,1059,860, 910,950,960,1010,1060

230 X 450
230 X 450

22.4
18

61
44.8

64.2
54.07

230X 450

18.9

54.5

60.62

230 X 450

21.7

63.4

65

230 X 450

9.5

32.9

32.3

B6

B7

812,832,813,833,983,814,834,826,837,818,838,
988,819,839,111,192,197,201,206,210,287,292,2
96,301,305,382,387,391,396,400,477,482,486,4
91,872,863,963,874,924,925,1152,1045,926,115
3,1046,877,927,868,968,879,1030,106,112,116,1
18,121,308,385,394,403,1155, 1160,
1165,498,575,581,582,584,586,587,591,593,825
,1162,1163,97,102,123,126,215,310,405,495,500
,572,
577,603,935,965,985,936,966,986,1157,1158,11
67,1168

822,1022,823,873,973,1023,824,
1014,1024,865,875,885,1025,866,
876,886,1026,817,827,1017,
1027
,828,878,978,1028,829,1029,99, 100,
108,109,114,117,119,213,218,290,299,316,318,4
11,413,480,483,574,576,583,585,589,592,594,5
97,1012,1032,883,1013,1033,1034,895,1015,
1035,896,1016,1036,1037,888, 1018,
1038,1019,98,103,107,207,211,216,302,306,311,
397,401,406,487,492,496,501,573,578,975,976,
193,198,202,288,293,297,383,388,392,478,483,
128,131,598,601,606,204,221,226,321,416,508,
511

230X 450

26.52

71

77.7

230 X 450

29.4

86.3

85.6

REINFORCMENT DETAILS OF BEAMS


Type of
beam

Name of the member

Size of
the
beam
(mm)

B1
B2

B3

Reinforcement

Reinforcement

+ve BM

-ve BM

(kN-m)

(kN-m)
Starting

Curtailed

Reinforcement
shear force

811,821,831,842,843,844,984,845,846,987,
848,849,820,840,219,224,314,319,409,414, 504,509

230 X
450

4 bars of 12mm

5 bars of
12mm

3 bars of
12mm

8 mm @150c/c

841,1172,1173,850,235,425,520

230 X
450

3 bars of 12mm

4 bars of
12mm

3 bars of
12mm

8 mm @150c/c

861,911,961,981,991,921,931,881,891,862,
882,892,912,922,932,962,982,992,913,933,
864,894,914,934,964,994,905,915,945,955,
906,916,946,956,867,897,917,937,967,997,
918,938,869,889,899,919,929,939,969,125,
129,130,230,317,325,327,330,412,420,422,
1170,507,515,517599,600,602,604,605,1041,
995,996,1050,227,322,417,512

230 X
450

4 bars of 12mm

4 bars of
12mm

3 bars of
12mm

8 mm @150c/c

B4

B5

B6

1011,1021,1031,1043,887,1048,
1049,1020,1040,220,225,315,320,
410,415,505,510,971,871,972,893,
993,884,974,1044,815,835,816,836
847,977,1047,898,998,979,830,880
980,115,120,127,222,590,595,596,
132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,1148,
228,229,231,233,234,1150,323,324,326,328,
329,418,419,421,423,1182,1175,1178,513,514,
516,518,519,607,608,609,610,611,612,613,
614,615,1051,1001,941,951,901,851,852,902,942,952,100
2,1052,853,903,943,853,1003, 1053,
854,904,944,954,1004,1054,855,
1151,1183,1055,856,1149,1006,
1184,1056,857,907,947,1054,855,
1151,1183,1055,856,1149,1006,
1184,1056,857,907,947,957,1007,
1057,858,908,948,958,1008,1058,
859,909,949,959,1009,1059,860, 910,950,960,1010,1060

230 X
450

5 bars of 12mm

5 bars of
12mm

3 bars of
12mm

8 mm @150c/c

230 X
450

3 bars of 12mm

3 bars of
12mm

3 bars of
12mm

8 mm @150c/c

812,832,813,833,983,814,834,826,837,818,
838,988,819,839,111,192,197,201,206,210,
287,292,296,301,305,382,387,391,396,400,
477,482,486,491,872,863,963,874,924,925,
1152,1045,926,1153,1046,877,927,868,968,
879,1030,106,112,116,118,121,308,385,394,
403,1155,1160,1165,498,575,581,582,584,586,587,591,59
3,825,1162,1163,97,102,123,126,
215,310,404,495,500,572,577,603,935,965, 985,936,966,
986,1157,1158,1167,1168

230 X
450

5 bars of 12mm

6 bars of
12mm

4 bars of
12mm

8 mm @150c/c

Typical Beam Design


BEAM 4
M20
Fe415 (Main)
Fe415 (Sec.)
LENGTH: 3645.0 mm
SIZE: 230.0 mm X 450.0 mm COVER: 25.0 mm

SUMMARY OF REINF. AREA (Sq.mm)


---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
911.2 mm 1822.5 mm 2733.7 mm 3645.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
459.52
257.46
257.46
257.46
257.46
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
BOTTOM
257.46
257.46
257.46
257.46
462.63
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SUMMARY OF PROVIDED REINF. AREA
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
911.2 mm 1822.5 mm 2733.7 mm 3645.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
5-12
3-12
3-12
3-12
3-12
REINF.
1 layer(s) 1 layer(s) 1 layer(s)
1 layer(s)
1 layer(s)
BOTTOM
REINF.
SHEAR
REINF.

3-12
1 layer(s)

3-12
1 layer(s)

3-12
1 layer(s)

3-12
1 layer(s)

5-12
1 layer(s)

2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8


@ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 300 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c @ 150 mm c/c
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Typical Beam Drawing

5#12mm

8mm
@150c/c

3#12mm

4#12mm

8mm
@150c/c

At
Support

8mm
@150c/c

At midspan

At
Support

DESIGN OF Columns

DESIGN OF COLUMN

There are three cases in columns:

Axially loaded short columns


Column subjected to combined axial load and uniaxial moment
Column subjected to combined axial load and biaxial moments

Effective length of compression members is as given in table 28 of is 456:2000.

The load on the column may be cental or eccentric. check for slenderness.

Using SP 16 chart no:48,50,63 design of longitudial reinforcements

Diameter of main and secondary bars

Assign the above properties to the members along Y

Provide clear cover of 25mm around.

Classification of columns
Ground And First Floor
Type of
column

Column number

Size of
column

Pu
(KN)

Mx
(KN-m)

Mz
(KN-m)

C1

141,151,236,246,331,341,426,436,521,531,616,
626,152,247,332,342,427,437,532,627,413,153,
238,248,333,343,428,438,523,533,618,628,154,
249,334,344,429,439,534,629,155,345,430,440,
1154,525,535,620,630,156,346,431,441,1156,526
536,621,631,157,252,337,347,432,442,537,632,
148,158,243,253,338,348,433,443,528,538,623,
633,159,254,339,349,434,444,539,634,150,160,
245,255,340,350,435,445,530,540,625,635.

300X600

1008

52.28

61.52

C2

142,617,237,522,144,239,524,619,145,240,250,
335,146,241,251,336,147,242,527,622,149,244,
529,624.

300X600

1325

56.57

10.46

C3

1159,1161

300X600

630.87

42.59

6.38

Rest of the Floors


Type of
column

Column number

Size of
column

Pu
(KN)

Mx
(KN-m)

Mz
(KN-m)

C4

161,171,181,256,266,276,351,361,371,446,456,
466,541,551,561,636,646,656,172,182,267,677,
362,372,457,467,552,562,647,657,163,173,183,
258,268,278,353,363,373,448,458,468,543,553,
563,638,648,658,174,184,269,279,364,374,459,
469,554,564,649,659,175,185,1144,270,280,1146
365,375,450,460,470,1180,1164,1169,1174,1177
555,565,640,650,660,176,186,1145,271,281,1147
366,376,451,461,471,1181,1166,1171,1176,1179
556,566,641,650,660,176,186,1145,271,281,1147
366,376,451,461,471,1181,1166,1171,1176,1179
556,566,641,651,661,177,187,272,282,367,377,
462,472,557,567,652,662,168,178,188,263,273,
283,358,368,378,453,463,473,548,558,568,643,
653,663,179,189,274,284,369,379,464,474,559,
569,654,664,170,180,190,265,275,285,360,370,
380,455,465,475,550,560,570,645,655,665.

300X600

551

44.12

11.59

C5

162,257,352,447,542,637,164,259,354,449,544,
639,165,260,355,545,166,261,356,546,167,262,
357,452,547,642,169,264,359,454,549,644..

300X600

741.77

63.93

23.00

DESIGN OF COLUMN
COLUMN C2

M25

Fe500 (Main)

Fe415 (Sec.)

LENGTH: 3000.0 mm CROSS SECTION: 300.0 mm X 600.0 mm COVER: 50.0 mm


REQD. STEEL AREA : 3888.00 Sq.mm.
MAIN REINFORCEMENT : Provide 16 - 20 dia. (2.18%, 3926.99 Sq.mm.)
(Equally distributed)
TIE REINFORCEMENT : Provide 8 mm dia. rectangular ties @ 300 mm c/c
SECTION CAPACITY (KNS-MET)
-------------------------Puz : 3439.26 Muz1 : 155.67 Muy1 :

68.49

INTERACTION RATIO: 0.93 (as per Cl. 39.6, IS456:2000)

DESIGN OF COLUMNS

REINFORCMENT DETAILS OF COLUMNS


GROUND AND FIRST FLOOR
Type of
column

Column number

Size of
column

Main
Reinforcement

Transverse
reinforcement

C1

141,151,236,246,331,341,426,436,521,531,616,
626,152,247,332,342,427,437,532,627,413,153,
238,248,333,343,428,438,523,533,618,628,154,
249,334,344,429,439,534,629,155,345,430,440,
1154,525,535,620,630,156,346,431,441,1156,526
536,621,631,157,252,337,347,432,442,537,632,
148,158,243,253,338,348,433,443,528,538,623,
633,159,254,339,349,434,444,539,634,150,160,
245,255,340,350,435,445,530,540,625,635.

300X600

12#20mm

8mm
@300mmc/c

C2

142,617,237,522,144,239,524,619,145,240,250,
335,146,241,251,336,147,242,527,622,149,244,
529,624.

300X600

16#20mm

8mm
@300mmc/c

C3

1159,1161

300X600

8#20mm

8mm
@300mmc/c

REST OF THE FLOORS


Type of
column

Column number

Size of
column

Main
Reinforcement

Transverse
reinforcement

C4

161,171,181,256,266,276,351,361,371,446,456,
466,541,551,561,636,646,656,172,182,267,677,
362,372,457,467,552,562,647,657,163,173,183,
258,268,278,353,363,373,448,458,468,543,553,
563,638,648,658,174,184,269,279,364,374,459,
469,554,564,649,659,175,185,1144,270,280,1146
365,375,450,460,470,1180,1164,1169,1174,1177
555,565,640,650,660,176,186,1145,271,281,1147
366,376,451,461,471,1181,1166,1171,1176,1179
556,566,641,650,660,176,186,1145,271,281,1147
366,376,451,461,471,1181,1166,1171,1176,1179
556,566,641,651,661,177,187,272,282,367,377,
462,472,557,567,652,662,168,178,188,263,273,
283,358,368,378,453,463,473,548,558,568,643,
653,663,179,189,274,284,369,379,464,474,559,
569,654,664,170,180,190,265,275,285,360,370,
380,455,465,475,550,560,570,645,655,665.
162,257,352,447,542,637,164,259,354,449,544,
639,165,260,355,545,166,261,356,546,167,262,
357,452,547,642,169,264,359,454,549,644..

300X600

8#20mm

8mm
@300mmc/c

300X600

12#20mm

8mm
@300mmc/c

C5

DESIGN OF FOOTING

DESIGN OF FOOTING
Define Parameters

Footing dimension

Safe bearing capacity of soil

Factor of safety-overturning

Factor of safety-sliding

Vertical load

Lateral load

Moments along X Y axis

Material data

Reinforcement details

Design of isolated footing


Depth of footing
h=p/w((1-sin)/(1+sin))2
where angle of friction of soil
p safe bearing capacity
w unit weight of soil
Load on soil = P+10%P
where P axial load
Determine the minimum depth required from the consideration of
BM, Single shear, Double shear.
Reinforcement in footing-in longer direction and shorter direction.
Check for shear stresses.
Reinforcement details.

Classification of footing

Type of footing

Footing number

Pu(KN)

Mx(KN-m) Mz(KN-m)

Fx(KN)

Fz(KN)

F1

A6,C6,H6,J6,A5,J5,A4,C4,H4,J4,A3,C3,H3
,J3,A2,J2,A1,C1,H1,J1

980

61.47

50.956

31.82

27.581

1180

60.85

55.314

36.48

58.59

1350

67.5

56.6

37.05

33.53

810
670

72
71

53.75
45

34
26.5

38
37.7

Isolated footing

F2

B6,D6,E6,F6,G6,I6,B5,C5,D5,G5,H5,I5,B4,
D4,E4,F4,G4,I4,B3,D3,G3,I3,B2,C2,D2,E2,
F2,G2,H2,I2,B1,D1,E1,F1,G1,I1..
Isolated footing

F3

E5,F5
Isolated footing

F4

E3-E2
F3-F2
Combined footing

Details of footing
Type of
footing

Dimensions of
footing
(m)

Depth of
foundation
(m)

F-1

2.3X2.3

F-2
F-3

Thickness of footing
(m)

Reinforcement along
shorter span

Reinforcement along longer


span

At edge

At face
of
column

1.5

0.5

0.75

12mm @135mmc/c

12mm @140mmc/c

2.5X2.5

1.5

0.5

0.75

12mm @135mmc/c

12mm @140mmc/c

2.6X2.6

1.5

0.5

0.75

12mm @135mmc/c

12mm @140mmc/c

Combined footing
Type of
footing

Dimensions
of footing
(m)

Depth of
foundation
(m)

Slab
thickness
(m)

Beam
dimensions
(m)

F-4

2.85 X 4

1.5

0.675

0.3X0.8

Reinforcement in slab
Main bars

Distribution
bars

12mm
@155mmc/c

10mm
@75mmc/c

Reinforcement in beam
Main bars

Shear
reinforceme
nt
5#25mm at 4leg vertical
bottom
stirrups of
8mm at
170mm c/c

Detailing in a typical footing

DESIGN OF STAIRCASE

DESIGN OF STAIRCASE
Define Parameters

Type of staircase-2 flight

Floor height

Stair type for 2 flight-dog legged

Width of waist slab

Depth of waist slab

Stair hall dimension

Height of riser

Allowable ratio of thread/rise

Beam location

Width of support

Load data

Material data

Reinforcement data

PLAN OF STAIRCASE

SUMMARY

Analysis and design of residential building proposed to be constructed . The proposed


building is in the shape of a rectangle which consists of all the amenities required for a
residential building. One staircase and one lifts are provided for vertical movement
between various floors. The analysis is carried out by using a package called STAAD Pro,
and
seismic load is also considered.M20 grade concrete and Fe415 (HYSD) steel bars are used
as construction materials for structural elements. Design of structural elements is
carried out by limit state approach using IS456-2000 and SP-16.

Conclusion

There are three methods to design RCC structures (working stress


method, ultimate method, and limit state method) out of which the limit

state method gives an adequate section to satisfy strength and serviceability


hence we have adopted the limit state method of design.

In this project earthquake force is taken along with dead load and live
load. For all the combinations of loads the classical method such as Kanis
method, moment distribution method etc are not suitable hence the STAAD
program was used for the analysis of the structure for all the loading
combinations.

The detailing of reinforcement is made as per IS- SP34 code provision


which provides ductility to the structure and hence better performance.