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CONTENTS

DEFINATION Components of slab track Types of slab track Advantages Conclusion

DEFINITION
SLAB TRACK IS DEFINED AS A TYPE OF TRACK WHERE THE SLEEPERS AND BALLAST ARE REPLACED BY A CONCRETE OR ASHPHALT LAYER.

HISTORY OF SLAB TRACK


In the late 20th Century slab track started to appear, especially in tunnels, where the floor of the tunnel would be a single slab of concrete in two layers, with the rail attached to fixtures in the second layer. The first layer would seal the floor from water, and attain a profile of approximately the right dimensions. The second layer would be laid to a greater degree of precision.

Problems in ballast track

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Problems in ballast track


Slow deterioration of the ballast material due to traffic loading wear & tear of ballast causes geometrical unevenness & clogging leads to drainage problems

Frequent maintenance of track alignment is needed


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Problems in ballast track

creep of rail

Wear and tear

Need of slab track


Very low dynamic stiffness
Reduces vibration and noise significantly All components are easily replaced Longitudinal creep resistance can be

adjusted
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Slab track Less noise For high speed rails Longer service life Less maintenance

comparison
Ballast track More noise For low speed rails Lesser service life Heavy maintenance

Components of slab track

Base plate assembly

Cast in shoulder assembly

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COMPONENTS OF SLAB TRACK


FUNCTIONS
Rubber wedges which support the rail at the web Side support brackets which hold these in place and transfer load to the support structure locking wedges, which fix the side brackets Shoulders which provide location and the reaction point against which the fastening is braced

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CONSTRUCTION OF SLAB TRACK


Subgrade soil:

PI =5.9

LL = 18.5
moisture content =5 to 12 % OMC = 10.5% The modulus of the

soil is > 10,000 psi Compressive strength > 50 psi.


Figure :The final prepared sub grade surface.

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Subbase
The subbase is a 6-inch soil cement layer (5%) Compacted at an optimum moisture content of 12.5% Compaction is specified to be 98 percent The target compressive strength is 700 psi

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Fig : sub base with soil cement layer

Fig: Compaction of sub base with soil cement layer

Fig : sub base with soil cement layer

Fig: Compaction of sub base with soil cement layer

Fig: Final surface of the soil cement layer.


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METHODS OF LAYING SLAB TRACK


Two methods
1. Direction Fixation Slab Track (DFST) 2. Independent Dual Block Track (IDBT)

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Direction Fixation Slab Track (DFST)


Slab is 1 foot thick

10 feet 6 inches wide & 5,000 psi

Track resilience and damping are provided

primarily through the rubber pads installed between the fastener plates and the slab surface.
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Independent Dual Block Track

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Independent Dual Block Track


Slab is 7.75-inch-thick reinforced bottom concrete slab

10 feet 6 inches wide and 5,000 psi

Track resilience and damping were provided primarily through the rubber boots as well as the pads installed inside rubber boots.
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conclusion
Concrete slab track is constructed particularly for high-speed rails
Soil pressures are evenly distributed

under slab track Slab track can maintain high-speed track geometry while being subjected to heavy axle loads The track modulus of slab track is much more uniform than for ballast track
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