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Dr Sherwan R Shal, Revised 2008-2009

Hawler Medical University


Functions: Urination and
Copulation

Penis
Functions: Transport urine &
semen

Bladder

Urethra
Function: Maintain temperature of
testes approx. 3 C below normal
0

body temp.

Scrotu
m
Function: Produce sperm and
testosterone

Testis
Function: Produce Sperm

Seminiferous Tubules

Testis
Function: Sperm storage and
maturation

Epididymis
Function: Transport sperm to
urethra

Vas Deferens
Function: Produce 60% of
alkaline semen including fructose
to provide energy for sperm.

Seminal
Vesicles
Ejaculatory Duct
Function: Produces up to 1/3 of the
semen & includes nutrients &
enzymes to activate sperm.

Prostate
Function: Secretes mucous &
alkaline buffers to neutralize acidic
conditions of urethra.

Cowper’s Gland
Function: Receives penis &
semen and serves as birth canal
& passage for menstrual flow.

Vagina
Function: Provides passageway
for sperm, receives blastocyst,
retains & nourishes fetus &
expells fetus at term.

Uterus
Function: Cervical mucosa
secretes mucous blocking cervical
canal entrance to uterus.

Cervix
Function: Uterine lining in which
implantation occurs.

Endometrium
Function: Muscular contractions.

Myometrium
Function: Passageway for oocyte
and site of fertilization.
Uterine Tubes
Function: Produce oocytes & the
hormones estrogen and
progesterone.
Ovaries
Function: Sweep ovarian surface
to draw oocyte into ovarian tube.

Fimbriae