said there were about six billion subscriptions at the end of 2011. There are nearly seven billion people on Earth. counted a total of 74.A report by (ITU) the International Telecommunication Union.. Mobinil and Vodafone Egypt. the study found. title Measuring the Information Society. Egypt's population is roughly 84 million. Ahram Online. .6 million subscriptions. Almost one billion subscriptions were in China. Sunday 8 Jul 2012 Egypt's three mobile operators -. included 155 countries.Etisalat Egypt. Total subscriptions to country's three networks climb above 92 million thanks to Egyptians with multiple SIMs.Intro Section 1 Intro Calling scenario SAR? Other risks Info In 2012 .

Calling scenario Caller )1( Receiver )2( CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFO Base Station )1( Switching Center Base Station )2( .

Electromagnetic wave radiation -Electromagnetic wave radiation is transmitted by phone antenna in all directions -Most of the energy lost in the space -Part of the energy received by base station -part of the energy is absorbed by human body spec head .

mmfai. In Europe.6 W/KG.” In USA & Canada The Federal Communications Commission sets specific absorption rate “SAR” standard which is acceptable power radiation for cell phones must not exceed 1. How to define your phone SAR? -Check mobile manual.cfm . -Visit select your mobile phone model http://www.info/public/sar.SAR What is SAR? The CTIA – The Wireless Association defines SAR as “a way of measuring the quantity of radio frequency (RF) energy that is absorbed by the body. from a potential health hazard. The lower the SAR the better the phone. the highest allowed SAR level is 2 W/KG.

SAR .

Other factors effect the radiation Radiation Penetration in the head of an adult.org . The younger the child the deeper the penetration due to the fact that their skulls are thinner and still developing. 10 year old (50%) and a 5 year old (75%). the skull of an adult (25%).www. Bones structure in a child’s skull absorbs 10 times more microwave radiation than does an adult.environmentalhealthtrust. ten-year and five-year old Dr Gandhi (University of Utah in USA) used MRI to shows how radiation penetrates depend on the user age.

Thermal Effect of Cell Phones The Fisher Clinic published a Study about Reduction of Thermal Effects Caused by Radio Frequency Radiation. .

use a wired phone. When you know the conversation will be a long one.Thermal Effect of Cell Phones The radiation and thermal effects you are exposed to. . is directly related to the time you spend talking on your cell.

How to minimize radiation and thermal effect .

How to minimize radiation and thermal effect GSM antenna booster Already exist at the control Room .

-Use a wired/wireless headset. -Buy a low radiation phone and check it’s manual(The FCC has set a SAR limit of 1.How to minimize radiation and thermal effect -Always hold the phone 2 inches from your ear. .6 W/kg).

•Egypt state information service • Hand-holding your cell-phone distracts your attention for driving and subjects you to a fine of EGP100 to EGP300. •Cell phone 23 % of all traffic crashes. •http://www.aspx?sid=2169 .gov.Other risks based on unsafe acts •National Safety Council Estimates that At Least 1.6 Million Crashes Each Year Involve Drivers Using Cell Phones and Texting.eg/En/Story.sis.

90% of the view Where drivers using a hands-free cell phone looked.Other risks Inattention Blindness (driving and using a cell phone). 20% . causing brain to shift focus Where drivers not using a hands-free cell phone looked.

stay away of third party product batteries that doesn’t much all of the safety requirements that are necessary to ensure consumer safety. . -When decide to buy new battery or charger.Other risks Fire cased due to battery or charger. -Don’t leave mobile connected to charger.

.Thanks for all of you.

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