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( Lab. no.

9 )

Injection
techniques

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Injection
techniques

Injection
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-General practical aspects of injection:
Apart from the specific technique of
injecting, there are a few general rules that
you should keep in mind:

 Expiry dates:
 Drug:
Sterility:
 No bubbles:
 Prudence :
 Waste:
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 Expiry dates:
Check the expiry dates of each item including the
drug. If you make house calls, check the drugs
in your medical bag regularly to make sure that
they have not passed the expiry date.

 Drug:
Make sure that the vial or ampoule contains the
right drug in the right strength.

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 Sterility:
During the whole preparation procedure, material
should be kept sterile. Wash your hands before
starting to prepare the injection. Disinfect the
skin over the injection site.

 No bubbles:
Make sure that there are no air bubbles left in the
syringe. This is more important in intravenous
injections.

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 Prudence :
Once the protective cover of the needles is
removed extra care is needed. Do not touch
anything with the unprotected needle. Once the
injection has been given take care not to prick
yourself or somebody else.

 Waste:
Make sure that contaminated waste is disposed
of safely.

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-Common types of injections:

 Subcutaneous(S.C.) injection:

 Intramuscular (I.M.) injection:

 Intravenous (I.V.) injection:

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-Common types of injections:

Subcutaneous(S.C.) injectio
n:
The best site is the posterior aspect of the
upper arm.

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-Common types of injections:

Intramuscular (I.M.)
injection:
The recommended site is the upper lateral
quadrant of the buttock. Use the simulation
model of the buttock to practice I.M
injections.

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-Common types of injections:

Intravenous (I.V.) injection:

Any prominent vein may be used. Use the


simulation model of the upper arm to
practice I.V injections.

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Common types of injections:

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Uncommon types of injections:
1. Intradermal.
2. Intracardial.
3. Intra-articular.
4. Intraspinal.
5. Intrapleural.
……etc.
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