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Automatic Control System For Electric Water Pump For Use In Household Applications

Under guidance of : Presented by:

Prof. Dr. Bhupal Singh

Anjali Omer Huma Shireen Lipika Jain

INTRODUCTION

This automatic control system for electric water pump senses the water level inside the tank and accordingly turns on and turns off the motor.

WHY WE REQUIRE THIS ???

We require this because conventional method has following drawbacks :

involve human intervention no information about current water level in the tank require continuous monitoring wastage of water due to overflow

HOW DOES IT WORK ????

It has following three sensors


1. High level sensor : determines whether tank is full or not : placed near top of tank 2. Low level sensor : determines whether tank is empty or not : placed near bottom of tank 3. Supply line sensor : determines whether water is present in reservoir tank or not : placed near the bottom of tank

CONT
Output of these sensors is processed by a logic circuit which works on the following logic LLS X 0 1 1 1 0 HLS X 0 0 1 0 0 SLS 0 1 1 1 1 1 Output Motor off Motor on Motor remains on Motor off Motor remains off Motor again on 0 : water is not present 1 : water is present

CONT..

Output of the logic circuit controls the triac which in turn turns on and turns off the electric water motor accordingly.

HOW CAN WE CONSTRUCT IT ????

Materials required
Equipment Specifications Quantity 1 Price (in Rs)

Electric water motor 2.5 W,50Hz,220V

Triac
Opamp Transformer nor Gate Resistors

BT 137
IC 741,LM339 220/12 V IC 7402

1
2 1 4 14

CONT

Equipment Capacitors

Specifications

Quantity

Price (in Rs)

npn Transistor
Stainless steel electrodes

IC 3904

Wires PCB Board Solder 22

CONT.

Sensing Circuit Case I: When water is not present

CONT.

CONT
Case II: When water is present

CONT..

CONT
Logic circuit

LLS X 0 1 1 1 0

HLS X 0 0 1 0 0

SLS 0 1 1 1 1 1

Output Motor off Motor on Motor remains on Motor off Motor remains off Motor again on 0 : water is not present 1 : water is present

CONT
If we consider only LLS and HLS, then

LLS 0 1 1 1 0

HLS 0 0 1 0 0

Output Motor on Motor remains on Motor off Motor remains off Motor again on

0 : water is not present 1 : water is present

CONT
In short

LLS 0 1 1

HLS 0 0 1

Output Motor on No change in previous state Motor off

0 : water is not present 1 : water is present

CONT
If we invert the output of LLS then LLS 1 0 0 HLS 0 0 1 Output Motor on No change in previous state Motor off

Above table is similar to the truth table for RS latch which is as follows: R 1 0 0 S 0 0 1 Q 1 NC 1 Q 0 NC 0 State Reset No change Set

CONT..
Thus we have

HLS Q

NOT gate
Q LLS LLS

RS latch using NOR gate

CONT..
Now we want Q 1 0 Q 0 1 Output 1 0

This is possible if we invert the output Q such that


Q 1 0 Q 1 0 Output 1 0

Above can be realized using AND or OR gate

CONT.
Thus we have

HLS

Q Q

NOT gate
LLS

RS latch using NOR gate

NOT gate

AND gate

CONT..
Simplifying

HLS

LLS

CONT

At last considering SLS


Q 0 SLS 0 Output 0

0
1 1

1
0 1

0
0 1

This can be realized using AND gate

CONT..
Thus finally we have

NOT gate
HLS

NOT gate
LLS

SLS

AND gate RS latch using NOR gate

CONT
Final Circuit

Software Simulation Using NI Multisim 12.0

Water is present in water supply line


Case I: Tank is full

SLS

HLS

LLS

Water is present in water supply line


Case II: User starts using water

SLS

HLS

LLS

Water is present in water supply line


Case III: Tank is empty

SLS

HLS

LLS

Water is present in water supply line


Case IV: Tank is partially filled with water

SLS

HLS

LLS

Water is present in water supply line


Case V: Again tank is full

SLS

HLS

LLS

Water is not present in water supply line

X
SLS HLS

X
LLS

Physical Model

CONCLUSION & FUTURE WORK

Thus we can conclude by saying that it will help in efficient use of water in household applications and will prevent the wastage of water, which is one of the major requirement for sustainable development.

Thank You !

Any Questions ????