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WORKMEN COMPENSATION ACT,1923

Presented by Chandana I S3 MBA CET

OBJECT AND SCOPE


This act is the first social security measure to the workmen introduced in India. The act imposes statutory liability upon an employer to provide payment to employees when they suffer from physical disabilities & diseases during course of employment. It extends to whole of India.

DEFINITIONS

DEPENDENT
Means any of the following relatives of a deceased workman, namely (i) a widow, a minor legitimate or adopted son, and unmarried legitimate or adopted daughter, or a widowed mother; and (ii) if wholly dependent on the earnings of the workman at the time of his death, a son or a daughter who has attained the age of 18 years and who is infirm; (iii) if wholly or in part dependent on the earnings of the workman at the time of his death, (a) a widower, (b) a parent other than a widowed mother, (c) a minor illegitimate son, an unmarried illegitimate daughter or a daughter legitimate or illegitimate or adopted if married and a minor or if widowed & minor, (d) a minor brother or an unmarried sister or a widowed sister if a minor, (e) a widowed daughter-in-law, (f) a minor child of a pre-deceased son, (g) a minor child of a pre-deceased daughter where no parent of the child is alive, (h) a paternal grandparent if no parent of the workman is alive.

WORKMEN
Means any person who is (i) a railway servant as defined in clause (34) of section 2 of the Railways Act, 1989 not permanently employed in any administrative, district or sub-divisional office of a railway and not employed in any such capacity as is specified in Schedule II, or (a) a master, seaman or other member of the crew of a ship, (b) a captain or other member of the crew of an aircraft, (c) a person recruited as driver, helper, mechanic, cleaner or in any other capacity in connection with a motor vehicle, (d) a person recruited for work abroad by a company, and who is employed outside India in any such capacity as is specified in Schedule II and the ship, aircraft or motor vehicle, or company, as the case may be, is registered in India, or

WORKMEN
(ii) employed in any such capacity as is specified in Schedule II If the workman is dead, any reference to a workman shall include his dependents. A person must fulfill the following 3 conditions to be called as a workmen 1)His employment must not be of a casual nature. 2)The employment must be for the purpose of employes trade and business 3)The employment must be of the nature mentioned in section 2(1) of the act.

DISABLEMENT
"PARTIAL DISABLEMENT" means where the disablement is of a temporary nature, such disablement as reduces the earning capacity of a workman in any employment in which he was engaged at the time of the accident resulting in the disablement where the disablement is of a permanent nature, such disablement as reduces his earning capacity in every employment which he was capable of undertaking at that time TOTAL DISABLEMENT" means such disablement, whether of a temporary or permanent nature, as incapacitates a workman for all work which he was capable of performing at the time of the accident resulting in such disablement

WAGES
Wages means all remuneration capable of being expressed in terms of money, which would if the terms of employment were fulfilled be payable to a workman and it ---Include DA,Over Time pay, bonus, share in profit, amenities like free quarters ,food allowance, outstanding allowance, maternity benefit, gratuity etc. --didnt include TA or PF or pension, value of annual leave with wages unless encasement there of allowed.

Employers liability for compensation


Section 3

OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES
1. Part A ,B,C of schedule III Disease peculiar to a particular employment because of its nature.

PERSONAL INJURY
Personal injury- not only physical but also mental Accident-unexpected event happening without design even though there may be negligence on the part of the workman a)Accident arising out of employment b)Accident arising in the course of employment

EMPLOYER IS NOT LIABLE WHEN


1)Disablement not exceeding 3 days 2)Accident due to influence of drink, drugs or disobeyed orders, disregards of safe guards 3)If the injured workman has instituted a suit in a civil court for damages in respect of the injury against the employer or any other person 4)If the occupational disease is not directly attributable to a specific injury by accident arising out of and in course of his employment. 5)If the accident causing injury or death did not arise out of and in course of workman's compensation.

Employers liability when contractor is engaged


Section 12

Employer cannot be held liable in case of any injury caused to the workers engaged by Contractor because they are not employed by him and hence are not his workmen. 12(1) makes the Employer liable for compensation to such workmen under the following circumstances: a) The contractor is engaged to do a work which is a part of the trade or business of the employer (called principal). b) The workmen were engaged in the course of or for the purpose of his trade or business. c) The accident occurred in or about the premises on which the principal employer has undertaken or undertakes to execute the works concerned. Amount of compensation With reference to the wages of the workman under the employer.

compensation
Meaning Defined under Section 2(1)(c) Where the monthly wages of the concerned workman exceeds Rs.4000/- it should be presumed to be Rs.4000/-

AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION
The amount of compensation payable to a workman depends on a)The nature of the injury caused by the accident b)The monthly wages of the workman concerned c)The relevant factor for working out lumpsum equivalent of compensation amount There is no distinction between an adult and a minor worker with respect to the amount of compensation

Amount of compensation
Section 4 Where death of a workman results from the injury: An amount equal to 40% per cent of the monthly wages of the deceased workman multiplied by the relevant factor or an amount of twenty thousand rupees, whichever is more. Where permanent total disablement results from the injury: An amount equal to 50% per cent of the monthly wages of the injured workman multiplied by the relevant factor or an amount of twenty four thousand rupees, whichever is more.

AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION Compensation for permanent partial disablement In the case of injury specified in the schedule 1, the amount of compensation shall be such percentage of the compensation which would have been payable in case of permanent total disablement In case the injury not specified in schedule 1, the amount of compensation shall be such percentage of compensation payable in case of permanent total disablement , as it is proportionate to the loss of earning capacities permanently caused by the injury.

AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION
Compensation of Temporary disablement (Total/partial) If the temporary disablement, whether total or partial, results from injury: 25% of monthly wages of the workmen shall be payable every half month on the sixteenth day. a) from the date of disablement where such disablement lasts for a period of less than 28 days or more; b) after the expiry of a waiting period of three days from the date of disablement where such disablement lasts for a period of less than 28 days. There after the compensation shall be payable half monthly during the disablement period or 5 years which ever is shorter. Any payment received by workman towards his medical treatment cannot be consider as compensation

Time of payment of Compensation


Section 4A of the act has made it mandatory on the part of the employer to pay compensation as soon as it falls due. When any default is made the commissioner may order the payment of the amount together with interest at 6% per annum and if the commissioner finds the default unjustifiable, he may order payment of a further sum not exceeding 50% of the amount due by way of penalty.

Procedure for calculation Higher the age Lower the compensation Relevant factor specified in second column of Schedule IV giving slabs depending upon the age of the concerned workman. Example : In case of death: Wages Rs.3000 PM Age 23 years Factor as schedule IV : 219.95 * 1,500 Amount of compensation Rs.3,29,935.00 In case of total disablement: Rs.3,95,910.00 Schedule II: List of persons engaged in different employment. Schedule III: List of occupational diseases. Schedule IV: Relevant factor.

Section 4A -Penalty. Where an employer is in default in paying the compensation due under this Act, within one month from the date it fell due, the Commissioner shall: a) Direct that the employer in addition to the amount of arrears, pay simple interest there on at the rate of 12% per annum or on such higher rates. b) Commissioner has the power under the Act to impose penalty and the interest on the cleared amount as per the provision of the act.

Section 8 - Distribution of compensation.


The compensation payable for death and The compensation payable to a woman or person of legal disability shall be through the commissioner only. Employer can make advance payment directly to dependents in case of death equivalent to three months salary of the deceased person. Employer is exonerated from his liability if he deposits the compensation amount with the commissioner within the stipulated time. The commissioner shall call all dependents of the deceased and determine the method for distribution of compensation among them. If no dependents are found then amount shall be refunded to the employer. On request by the employer the commissioner shall furnish the details of disbursement.

Section 17 - Contracting Out of the compensation. Any contract or agreement whereby a workman relinquishes any right of compensation from the employer for personal injury arising out of or in the course of the employment, shall be null and void in so far as it purports to remove or reduce the liability of any person to pay compensation under this Act.

NOTICE AND CLAIM


Section 10

To claim the compensation: The claimant shall give notice of accident to the employer or by entering in the notice book within the reasonable period. Every such notice shall give the name and address of the person injured, the cause of the injury and the date on which the accident happened and Submit the claim application to the commissioner within two years from the date of accident. In case of occupational disease the accident is deemed to have occurred on the first day of disease. Defect if any in the notice or not giving notice or delayed application will not bar the claim for compensation.

Procedure in the proceedings before the commissioner

Appointment of commissioner.
Section 20: The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint any person to be a Commissioner for Workmen's Compensation for such area as may be specified in the notification. Any Commissioner may, for the purpose of deciding any matter referred to him for decision under this Act, choose one or more persons possessing special knowledge of any matter relevant to the matter under inquiry to assist him in holding the inquiry.

Reference to commissioners. Section 19 :


19(1) If any question arises in any proceedings under this Act as to the liability of any person to pay compensation (including any question as to whether a person injured is or is not a workman) or as to the amount or duration of compensation (including any question as to the nature or extent of disablement), the question shall, in default of agreement, be settled by a Commissioner. 19(2) No Civil Court shall have jurisdiction to settle, decide or deal with any question which is by or under this Act required to be settled, decided or dealt with by a Commissioner or to enforce any liability incurred under this Act.

Section 21 - Venue of proceedings and transfer. Section 22 - Form of application. Section 22A Power of the Commissioner to require further deposit in case of fatal accident. Section 23 Powers and procedure of Commissioners. Section 24 Appearance of Parties. Section 25 - Methods of recording evidence. Section 26 Costs. Section 27 Power to submit cases. Section 28 Registration of Agreements. Section 29 Effect of failure to register agreement.

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